Gov. Philip Ludwell's Executive Council

Dates: 1691 to 1693

Location Met: Charles Town

On November 8, 1691, the Lords Proprietors issued a commission and instructions to Philip Ludwell as Governor of Carolina. He arrived in Charles Town on Saturday, April 9, 1692.

On April 11, 1692, the Lords Proprietors' suspension of Seth Sothel was publicly read in Charles Town. Immediately thereafter, Philip Ludwell was presented and his commission as the new Governor was also publicly read to the inhabitants who had gathered.

Also on April 11, 1692, the Executive Council met and those present were:
- Gov. Philip Ludwell - Deputy to Sir William Craven, 1st Baron Craven, Palatine on November 8, 1681
- Thomas Smith - Deputy to Thomas Amy on September 22, 1691
- Paul Grimball - Deputy to Sir George Carteret, 1st Baronet Carteret on October 8, 1691
- Stephen Bull - Deputy to Anthony Ashley Cooper, 2nd Earl of Shaftesbury on September 23, 1681
- Joseph Blake - Deputy to Sir Peter Colleton, 2nd Baronet on 2nd of ? (date of commission not known)
- Richard Conant - Deputy to Thomas Archdale on November 10, 1691

There were only six deputies since the original share of George Monck, Duke of Albemarle's share, recently owned by his heir Christopher Monck, 2nd Duke of Albemarle died in 1688 with no clear heir - the ownership of this share of Carolina was not resolved until 1694, when the courts awarded it to John Grenville, 1st Earl of Bath.

These six men read aloud their commissions and deputations.

Click Here to view or download the Journal of the Grand Council of April 1692 to September 1692.

On April 12, 1692, the Exectutive Council met and those present were:
- Gov. Philip Ludwell
- Thomas Smith
- Paul Grimball
- Joseph Blake

Ludwell, Smith, Grimball, and Blake were Lords Proprietors' Deputies.

The records noted that Paul Grimball was also Secretary of the province.

The Executive Council ordered that William Williams is appointed Provost Marshall. They then appointed Barnard Schenckingh as Sheriff and Judge of the Court of Common Pleas for Berkeley County.

On April 13, 1692, the Exectutive Council met and those present were:
- Gov. Philip Ludwell
- Thomas Smith
- Paul Grimball
- Stephen Bull
- Joseph Blake

Ludwell, Smith, Grimball, Bull, and Blake were Lords Proprietors' Deputies.

Per recently received instructions from the Lords Proprietors, the Executive Council ordered that the Court of Common Pleas in Berkeley County meet at the usual location four times each year - the second Tuesday in each of the months of May, August, November, and February.

The Executive Council directed that the Provost Marshall shall publish the announcement that no commander or master of any ship, sloop, or other vessel currently anchored in this port shall depart without license from Governor Philip Ludwell.

The Executive Council directed that the Provost Marshall shall publish the announcement that those ships anchored in this port that have not registered your arrival per current law must do so immediately or depart from this port within 48 hours. A similar and specific order to Capt. George Rainer whose ship was anchored near Sullivan Island must not allow "truck trade" aboard his ship - he must make legal entry.

The Executive Council ordered that a strict and secure watch be kept each night.

The Executive Council, well aware of many "false reports" have been spread by evil-minded persons, now make it known that all of those who do make false reports will be punished with the utmost severity of the law.

On April 14, 1692, the Exectutive Council met and those present were:
- Gov. Philip Ludwell
- Thomas Smith
- Paul Grimball
- Stephen Bull
- Joseph Blake

Ludwell, Smith, Grimball, Bull, and Blake were Lords Proprietors' Deputies.

Gov. Philip Ludwell and the members of the Executive Council took the oath of allegiance to King William and Queen Mary.

The Executive Council swore in Joshua Hobson as Clerk of Council and William Williams was sworn in as Provost Marshall.

The Executive Council ordered James Moore to secure the approval of the governor before he departs at any time to trade with remote Indians. They then ordered James Moore to bring in all papers, records, and abstracts of notes or orders that relate to Lt. Col. Maurice Matthews's delegated business in England with the Lords Proprietors.

On April 15, 1692, the Exectutive Council met and those present were:
- Gov. Philip Ludwell
- Thomas Smith
- Paul Grimball
- Stephen Bull
- Joseph Blake
- Richard Conant

Ludwell, Smith, Grimball, Bull, Blake, and Conant were Lords Proprietors' Deputies.

The Executive Council ordered that John Alexander and Thomas Bolton meet with Jonathan Armory and have him show them all of the estate and effects of Wilson Dunston, late of Charles Town. They are empowered to make a true inventory and return this to Governor Philip Ludwell by Monday, April 18th. Barnard Schenckingh is required to administer an oath to said Armory for his true and full proceedings of the estate.

On April 19, 1692, the Executive Council met and those present were:
- Gov. Philip Ludwell
- Thomas Smith
- Paul Grimball
- Stephen Bull
- Joseph Blake
- Richard Conant

Ludwell, Smith, Grimball, Bull, Blake, and Conant were Lords Proprietors' Deputies.

The Executive Council heard the petiton of Katherine O'Sullivan and approved of her receiving charity from all well disposed persons. They appointed Mrs. Mary Cross to be the receiver of said charity. The Secretary is to draw up a brief recording this, and for it to be valid for only six months.

The Executive Council, after noting that a ship had anchored but not registered, then left and returned - they issued an order via the Provost Marshall to all ships at anchor, including Capt. John Richardson of the sloop Sea Flower; to Capt. Isaac Robinson of the ketch Speedwell; to Capt. John Taylor of the sloop Bonadventure.

On April 20, 1692, the Executive Council met and those present were:
- Gov. Philip Ludwell
- Thomas Smith
- Paul Grimball
- Stephen Bull
- Joseph Blake
- Richard Conant

Ludwell, Smith, Grimball, Bull, Blake, and Conant were Lords Proprietors' Deputies.

Peter Skorder (a Dane) and Cent Direckson of the ship lately anchored at Rebellion Road, came and provided a deposition to the Executive Council. They had been stranded on an island, rescued, then faced an enemy ship, then came here.

Seth Sothel arrived and declared that he was personally present and heard Wilson Dunston about two hours before his death declare all the contents of his noncupative will dated August 2nd, and he produced said will to this Executive Council. Landgrave Joseph Morton appeared and made a similar statement about hearing Wilson Dunston speak about his noncupative will. More was presented on this will, and adminstrators were appointed.

Paul Grimball presented a petition against Seth Sothel for suspending him from his office as Secretary. Sothel was given until Friday to prepare his response.

Per instructions from the Lords Proprietors, the Governor and Executive Council were required to appoint sheriffs for each county:
- William Peter - Sheriff of Colleton County
- Henry Auste Chataigner De Cramahe - Sheriff of Craven County

Per instructions from the Lords Proprietors, the Governor and Executive Council agreed to call for a Commons House of Assembly to convene soon, and they issued a Writ of Election for each county to have:
- Berkeley County - 7 representatives
- Colleton County - 7 representatives
- Craven County - 6 representatives

They also issued a summons for all Caciques and Landgraves to meet in Charles Town when the Assembly convenes.

On April 21, 1692, the Executive Council met and those present were:
- Gov. Philip Ludwell
- Thomas Smith
- Paul Grimball
- Stephen Bull
- Joseph Blake
- Richard Conant

Ludwell, Smith, Grimball, Bull, Blake, and Conant were Lords Proprietors' Deputies.

The Executive Council ordered that William Bower, previous Sheriff of Colleton County, is hereby superceded, and he is to deliver to Sheriff William Peter all papers associated with the office. Similarly, John Beresford, former Coroner and Clerk of the Crown was ordered to deliver all papers to Richard Conant, new Coroner and Clerk of the Crown.

The Executive Council appointed Dr. James Williams as Coroner of Colleton County, replacing Hugh Hixt who is to transfer all papers to Dr. Williams.

The Executive Council then ordered Stephen Bull and Joseph Blake to meet with the friendly Indians under the protection of this province to come into Charles Town soon to meet with the new governor and Executive Council.

On April 22, 1692, the Executive Council met and those present were:
- Gov. Philip Ludwell
- Thomas Smith
- Paul Grimball
- Stephen Bull
- Joseph Blake
- Richard Conant

Ludwell, Smith, Grimball, Bull, Blake, and Conant were Lords Proprietors' Deputies. 

Seth Sothel appeared as ordered on April 20th, and the Executive Council read aloud to him the Lords Proprietors instructions, dated November 8, 1691. They then asked questions of Mr. Sothel about the many complaints made against him while serving as the previous governor, but he refused to answer any questions either verbally or in writing. He claimed the right of a Lords Proprietor and not subject to their inquiry.

The Executive Council decided to allow all persons with complaints against Seth Sothel to bring their petitions to this Executive Council as soon as possible so that justice shall be done.

On April 23, 1692, the Executive Council met and those present were:
- Gov. Philip Ludwell
- Thomas Smith
- Paul Grimball
- Stephen Bull
- Joseph Blake
- Richard Conant

Ludwell, Smith, Grimball, Bull, Blake, and Conant were Lords Proprietors' Deputies. 

It was noted that the same ship returned and never sent anyone to register in the Secretary's office. It was learned that the ship was abandoned near Bull's Island and people were pillaging it. The Executive Council deemed the ship to be a pirate ship, and they ordered everything of value to be salvaged.

On May 6, 1692, the Executive Council met and those present were:
- Gov. Philip Ludwell
- Thomas Smith
- Paul Grimball
- Joseph Blake
- Richard Conant

Ludwell, Smith, Grimball, Blake, and Conant were Lords Proprietors' Deputies. 

Per an earlier order on April 20th for all Landgraves and Caciques to meet in Charles Town, it was noted that Landgrave Joseph Morton and Cacique Nathaniel Johnson appeared. Joseph Morton noted that this summons was defective since it gave no reason why he was called. The Executive Council agreed, then issued another summons.

The Executive Council learned that Sheriff William Peter of Colleton County adjourned the election in that county and he gave the inhabitants another two weeks. The Executive Council ordered that he come and explain himself.

The Executive Council learned that many of the seamen who were aboard the abandoned ship near Bull's Island have come ashore and are now in the province. They ordered that all citizens of the province that they must not conceal or harbor these seamen, and if they know of their whereabouts they must notify proper officials or bring them before the Executive Council. The Executive Council referred to this ship commonly as "the Privateer," but the real name of the ship was Loyal Jamaica. The Annex of the Journal of the Executive Council provided the names of those seamen:
- Richard Abram
- William Balloh
- Francis Blanchard
- Roger Clare
- William Crossbye
- Robert Fenwick
- James Gillchrist
- Roger Goffe
- Daniel Horry
- Christopher Linckley
- Robert Matthews
- Edmond Medlicotte
- Richard Newton
- John Palmer
- Thomas Pinckney
- Daniel Rawlinson
- George Raynor - Captain (aka George Reiner)
- Adam Richardson
- William Walesby
- John Wattkins
- Ralph Wilson

Upon hearing the petition of Mary Helton, spinster, the Executive Council ordered Jonathan Amory and George Dearsley to appear and answer her complaint that she was allegedly given a legacy from the noncupative will of Wilson Dunston, deceased.

The Executive Council directed that the Secretary should sign all summons and issues to try persons before this Executive Council.

The Executive Council heard a complaint made by several mariners of the ship Triple Crown against Capt. William Pettit, master.

The Executive Council heard the petition of Jan La Salle vs. her husband Peter La Salle.

The Executive Council read the petition of Paul Grimball against John Harris and John Beresford for false imprisonment. They then issued a summons for Harris and Beresford to appear before this Executive Council on May 12th.

The Executive Council read the petition of Barnard Schenckingh against Francis Noble and Edward Loughton for diverse abuses. They then issued a summons for Noble and Loughton to appear before this Executive Council on May 12th.

On May 7, 1692, the Executive Council met and those present were:
- Gov. Philip Ludwell
- Thomas Smith
- Paul Grimball
- Joseph Blake
- Richard Conant

Ludwell, Smith, Grimball, Blake, and Conant were Lords Proprietors' Deputies.  

The Executive Council read the petition of Thomas Smith against Seth Sothel for seizing letters and packets from Smith. They then issued a summons for Seth Sothel to appear before this Executive Council sometime this day. Seth Sothel appeared and asserted that since he was a Lords Proprietor and former governor he refused to answer any complaints against him.

Richard Abram was brought before the Executive Council as an admitted mariner from the abandoned ship near Bull's Island. He said the ship was led by Capt. George Raynor, and that he was aboard when they seized several vessels as a pirate ship. Since there was no prison here, the Executive Council ordered Abram to provide £1,000 sterling for security for up to one year, while the Executive Council learns from the Lords Proprietors what they should do with this man.

On May 9, 1692, the Executive Council met and those present were:
- Gov. Philip Ludwell
- Thomas Smith
- Paul Grimball
- Stephen Bull
- Joseph Blake

Ludwell, Smith, Grimball, Bull, and Blake were Lords Proprietors' Deputies.  

Sheriff William Peter appeared and gave his reasons for delaying the election in Colleton County. They debated and decided that the Commons House of Assembly shall hear the matter when they meet in June.

The Executive Council ordered that Thomas Far of Colleton County had uttered some dangerous words, and he appeared and informed the Executive Council that he had overheard Maj. Robert Daniell - on May 7th - assert that how could the Executive Council sit without Seth Sothel at their head. They summoned Maj. Robert Daniell and he soon thereafter appeared before the Executive Council. Maj. Daniell repeated what Thomas Far said he had spoken. Peter Girard then informed the Executive Council that he had spoken with Seth Sothel on the day in question - and that Sothel had stated the the present Executive Council were not legal because of the Fundamental Constitutions in '81 were made void. William Smith, merchant appeared and informed that he overheard Sothel and Girard speak, and Sothel claimed the current Executive Council was not composed of legal Deputies. The Executive Council again summoned Seth Sothel.

On May 10, 1692, the Executive Council met and those present were:
- Gov. Philip Ludwell
- Thomas Smith
- Paul Grimball
- Stephen Bull
- Joseph Blake

Ludwell, Smith, Grimball, Bull, and Blake were Lords Proprietors' Deputies. 

The Executive Council directed that Thomas Smith shall quickly unload the abandoned pirate ship near Bull's Island and to take all salvageable items to his storehouse and to make a complete inventory of all items, and after that is done, then Smith is to have two men on board to take care of the ship until further notice.

The Executive Council directed Thomas Smith and Joseph Blake to adminster the oaths of office and allegiance to the Assistant Justices of the Court.

On May 11, 1692, the Executive Council met and those present were:
- Gov. Philip Ludwell
- Thomas Smith
- Paul Grimball
- Stephen Bull
- Joseph Blake
- Richard Conant arrived late.

Ludwell, Smith, Grimball, Bull, Blake, and Conant were Lords Proprietors' Deputies. 

Several mariners of the ship Triple Crown presented a petition against Capt. William Pettit, master for refusing to pay their wages. The Executive Council ordered Capt. Pettit to pay his men.

The Executive Council ordered the Provost Marshall to empanel a jury of twenty-four (24) men to try the case of Paul Grimball vs. Seth Sothel on June 13th.

The Executive Council ordered the Provost Marshall to empanel a jury of twenty-four (24) men to try the case against the abandoned ship in Sewee Bay near Bull's Island.

On May 12, 1692, the Executive Council met and those present were:
- Gov. Philip Ludwell
- Thomas Smith
- Paul Grimball
- Stephen Bull
- Joseph Blake
- Richard Conant

Ludwell, Smith, Grimball, Bull, Blake, and Conant were Lords Proprietors' Deputies.  

The Executive Council ordered Jonathan Amory and George Dearsley give a true appraisal of the estate of Wilson Dunston, deceased in tomorrow's Council.

The Executive Council read the petition of Paul Grimgall against John Harris and John Beresford for false imprisonment. They asked for more time to prepare their response, and it was agreed that they would return on the second Tuesday of July next.

The Executive Council read the petition of Attorneys for Landgrave James Colleton against Isaac Guerrard, John Moore, Job Howe, John Farr, Thomas Bower, Hugh Hixt, and Will Popple. They asked for more time to prepare their response, and it was agreed that they would return on the second Tuesday of July next.

Mary Helton appeared and informed the Executive Council that Jonathan Amory and George Dearsley have not provided her with the appropriete money and good as required by the Executive Council. They then ordered these two men that they have six days to comply.

On May 13, 1692, the Executive Council met and those present were:
- Gov. Philip Ludwell
- Thomas Smith
- Paul Grimball
- Stephen Bull
- Joseph Blake
- Richard Conant

Ludwell, Smith, Grimball, Bull, Blake, and Conant were Lords Proprietors' Deputies.  

The Provost Marshall appeared with twelve (12) men to serve on the jury in the case of Paul Grimball vs. Seth Sothel:
- Robert Gibbes - Foreman
- Thomas Bolton
- John Alexander
- Thomas Smith, Jr.
- William Elliott
- Joseph Ellicott
- Matthew Bee
- Peter Garrard
- Nicholas Marden
- Nicholas Townsend
- William Bradley
- John Vobe

They returned a verdict in favor of Paul Grimall and that Seth Sothel shall pay £100 plus costs to Grimball.

The Executive Council then sat as a Court of Admiralty, with the same twelve (12) men as above sworn in as jurors to hear the case against the ship lying in Sewee Bay near Bull's Island, commonly called the Privateer ship. The jury found that the ship was a wreck in destitute condition. The Executive Council then ordered the condemned ship, all tackle and appurtenances, and all goods seized earlier as ordered by Thomas Smith be sold at the discretion of Smith. That is, all except for the guns, powder, shot and twenty (20) bars of iron, which shall be retained on behalf of the Lords Proprietors.

The Executive Council read the petition of Jenkin Meredy, mariner of the Triple Crown against Capt. William Pettit for wages due. The Executive Council ordered Capt. Pettit to pay Meredy.

On May 14, 1692, the Executive Council met and those present were:
- Gov. Philip Ludwell
- Thomas Smith
- Paul Grimball
- Stephen Bull
- Joseph Blake
- Richard Conant

Ludwell, Smith, Grimball, Bull, Blake, and Conant were Lords Proprietors' Deputies.  

The Executive Council read the petition of Edward Rowlins against John Moore, and they agreed for Moore to be served eight (8) days before the next sitting of the Court of Chancery.

The Executive Council directed the Provost Marshall to inform Seth Sothel that several persons are coming to this afternoon's session of the Executive Council to enter depositions against him, and that Sothel may be present if he chooses. The Provost Marshall returned stating that he could not find Sothel. Depositions were taken from Thomas Smith, Paul Grimball, Stephen Bull, Joseph Blake, Joshua Hobson, and William Williams.

The Executive Council ordered that Capt. George Raynor and the rest of his men who abandoned the Privateer recently condemned to appear at the afternoon's session of this Executive Council. They then ordered that none of these men were to leave the province anytime in the next twelve (12) months until we hear from the Lords Proprietors.

On May 26, 1692, the Executive Council met and those present were:
- Gov. Philip Ludwell
- Thomas Smith
- Paul Grimball
- Stephen Bull
- Joseph Blake

Ludwell, Smith, Grimball, Bull, and Blake were Lords Proprietors' Deputies. 

John Coming appeared with his Deputation from the estate of Christopher Monck, 2nd Duke of Albemarle (deceased). He took the oaths of office and allegiance, then took his seat on this Executive Council.

The Executive Council then sat as a Court of Chancery and heard the petition of John Evans against Richard Sims to stop any further proceedings on the action of Sims against Edward Rowlins in the last Court of Pleas.

They then sat again as the Executive Council and ordered that all men of the abandoned Privateer wre supposed to give security for not leaving the province by today. Those not doing so will be prosecuted to the extent of the law. The Executive Council again ordered all citizens not to harbor these men or provide them with food or lodging.

The Executive Council read the petition of Joseph Seely and Benjamin Seely to give Letters of Administration to Thomas Clowter on behalf of their deceased father, John Seely. The Executive Council sent orders to Clowter to come to the next Executive Council meeting and show why he should not be granted this.

Paul Grimball made a motion for John Beresford to deliver a complete accounting of all grants entered into the Register's office, and for Col. Stephen Bull to deliver a list of all lands surveyed remaining in his office. The Executive Council agreed that these men do deliver said requests to Grimball as soon as possible.

The Executive Council read the petition of Roger Williams and his wife against Jonathan Amory and George Dearsley, Administrators of the estate of Wilson Dunston, deceased. The Executive Council ordered Amory and Dearsley to deliver the household goods and £30 sterling to Williams.

Seth Sothel appeared to answer the complaint made by Paul Grimball that he had illegally seized letters and packets belonging to Grimball, and private correspondences from the Lords Proprietors to Paul Grimball sent via Capt. Dodson on February 26, 1690. After several evasions, Sothel acknowledged he took said letters and packets but utterly refused to deliver these same to Grimball claiming that he would deliver them only to such as had power to demand and receive the same, which none in Carolina currently has. He further said these letters and packets were seized by a better authority than any has since or is now in Carolina.

On May 27, 1692, the Executive Council met and those present were:
- Gov. Philip Ludwell
- Thomas Smith
- Paul Grimball
- Stephen Bull
- Joseph Blake
- John Coming

Ludwell, Smith, Grimball, Bull, Blake, and Coming were Lords Proprietors' Deputies. 

The Executive Council sat as a Court of Chancery. John Moore requested more time to answer a complaint against him by Edward Rowlins - they gave him until next Tuesday, being the 31st of May.

They then ordered John Evans to deposit some proceeds with the Secretary until the matter be heard here.

They returned as the Executive Council and heard the complaint of Mary Snell against her husband, Joshua Snell, for maintenance and other complaints. They ordered Joshua Snell to appear before this court tomorrow.

They heard the petition of Edward Loughton against Peter Brutell, merchant, and awarded 39 shillings, ten pence, half penny to Loughton per his complaint.

They returned as a Court of Chancery and ordered that the case between John Evans and Richard Sims be heard on Saturday, June 4th and for both men to bring their evidences then.

On May 28, 1692, the Executive Council met and those present were:
- Gov. Philip Ludwell
- Thomas Smith
- Paul Grimball
- Stephen Bull
- Joseph Blake
- John Coming

Ludwell, Smith, Grimball, Bull, Blake, and Coming were Lords Proprietors' Deputies. 

The Executive Council again read the petition of Mary Snell against her husband, Joshua Snell, and after hearing both sides they ordered Joshua Snell to either live with his wife and maintain her properly, or pay £7, 10 shillings quarterly for the maintenance of his wife and daughter, or pay £5 quarterly just for the maintenance of his wife if he keeps the daughter.

The Executive Council learned that several persons have ignored orders to stop all trade with Indians, therefore they issued new orders reminding everyone to stop all interchange with the Indians until further notice.

The Executive Council heard the complaint of Daniel Huger that one of his Indian slaves named Betty ran away and joined up with the Yamassee. They ordered the Yamassees to deliver up the slave named Betty immediately.

On May 30, 1692, the Executive Council met and those present were:
- Gov. Philip Ludwell
- Thomas Smith
- Paul Grimball
- Stephen Bull
- Joseph Blake
- Richard Conant
- John Coming

Ludwell, Smith, Grimball, Bull, Blake, Conant, and Coming were Lords Proprietors' Deputies. 

The Executive Council heard the complaint of Findla Marten against Edward Loughton for unlawfully taking a barrel of tar, and they ordered Loughton to pay Marten six shillings for said tar.

On May 30, 1692, the Executive Council met and those present were:
- Gov. Philip Ludwell
- Thomas Smith
- Joseph Blake
- Richard Conant
- John Coming

Ludwell, Smith, Blake, Conant, and Coming were Lords Proprietors' Deputies. 

The Executive Council read the petiton of Izabell Buckley against her husband, Jonathan Buckley for diverse abuses. They ordered Jonathan Buckley to come to this Executive Council.

In the afternoon, they sat as a Court of Chancery and those present were:
- Gov. Philip Ludwell
- Thomas Smith
- Paul Grimball
- Stephen Bull
- Joseph Blake
- Richard Conant
- John Coming

Ludwell, Smith, Grimball, Bull, Blake, Conant, and Coming were Lords Proprietors' Deputies. 

John Moore appeared as ordered to answer the complaint of Edward Rowlins, and Moore attempted to obsfucate the issue, but was not successful. The Executive Council ordered Moore to pay £30 plus court costs to Rowlins by July 14th.

They returned as an Executive Council then ordered Jonathan Buckely and James Shepherd to deliver to this Executive Council by next Monday a full and perfect inventory of the estate of Capt. George Gordon.

On June 1, 1692, the Executive Council met and those present were:
- Gov. Philip Ludwell
- Thomas Smith
- Paul Grimball
- Stephen Bull
- Joseph Blake
- Richard Conant
- John Coming

Ludwell, Smith, Grimball, Bull, Blake, Conant, and Coming were Lords Proprietors' Deputies. 

The Executive Council ordered that Joshua Hobson is appointed the Clerk of Assembly. They then appointed Thomas Rosse as Clerk of Council and he took the oath of office.

Gov. Philip Ludwell read a paper from the Lords Proprietors with the signatures of Andrew Percivall, Robert Quarry, Ralph Izard, George Muschamp, John Harris, and John Beresford alleging that the late Gov. James Colleton did set Martial Law to better himself in the Indian Trade - Gov. Ludwell ordered these men to appear before this Executive Council by June 28th to further describe their accusations and complaints so he can transmit these to the Lords Proprietors.

On June 2, 1692, the Executive Council met and those present were:
- Gov. Philip Ludwell
- Thomas Smith
- Paul Grimball
- Stephen Bull
- Joseph Blake
- Richard Conant
- John Coming

Ludwell, Smith, Grimball, Bull, Blake, Conant, and Coming were Lords Proprietors' Deputies. 

The Executive Council ordered that the newly-sworn constables of Charles Town - John Jones, Nicholas Townsend, Robert Bruton, and John Lovell - be made known to the inhabitants of the town.

Capt. Thomas Broughton took the oath of allegiance to King William and Queen Mary.

The Executive Council heard the complaint of Elizabeth Jones against her master John Raven - they ordered both to do as they are supposed to do. She to fulfill her indenture, and he to feed and clothe her appropriately. He also to teach her as her indenture required.

The Executive Council ordered that any Member of this Executive Council is empowered to administer all oaths of civil and military offices and the oath of allegiance in this province.

Provost Marshall William Williams appeared and stated that Edward Loughton refused to pay Findla Marten the six shillings plus court costs as ordered. The Executive Council directed Provost Marshall William Williams to take said Edward Loughton into custody until he does pay said six shillings to Finda Marten.

The Executive Council ordered that the names of all Justices of the Peace be given to the sheriffs of the respective counties to acquaint them with the counties that they are to serve.

On June 3, 1692, the Executive Council met and those present were:
- Gov. Philip Ludwell
- Thomas Smith
- Paul Grimball
- Stephen Bull
- Joseph Blake
- Richard Conant

Ludwell, Smith, Grimball, Bull, Blake, and Conant were Lords Proprietors' Deputies. 

The records only mention they met and adjourned at 3:00 pm.

On June 4, 1692, the Executive Council met and those present were:
- Gov. Philip Ludwell
- Thomas Smith
- Paul Grimball
- Stephen Bull
- Joseph Blake
- Richard Conant

Ludwell, Smith, Grimball, Bull, Blake, and Conant were Lords Proprietors' Deputies.  

The Executive Council read the petition of Thomas Cliston against William Russell and they ordered a summons be sent to Mr. Russell to appear before this Executive Council next Monday.

The Executive Council read the petition of Philip Gendron about the estate of Lewis Pasqueareau, deceased. They ordered those in possession of said estate to bring in a complete inventory, real and personal, and a copy of his will to this Executive Council on the second Wednesday of July next.

They then met as a Court of Chancery, and heard the proofs and allegations of Daniel Bullman, attorney for Richard Sims and John Evans, his master.

Upon a motion by Jonathan Buckley requesting additional time to complete the inventory and accounts of the estate of Capt. George Gordon, deceased. The Executive Council gave him until June 8th.

On June 6, 1692, the Executive Council met and those present were:
- Gov. Philip Ludwell
- Thomas Smith
- Paul Grimball
- Stephen Bull
- Joseph Blake
- John Coming

Ludwell, Smith, Grimball, Bull, Blake, and Coming were Lords Proprietors' Deputies. 

Nothing else recorded.

On June 7, 1692, the Executive Council met and those present were:
- Gov. Philip Ludwell
- Thomas Smith
- Paul Grimball
- Stephen Bull
- Joseph Blake
- Richard Conant
- John Coming (arrived in the afternoon session)

Ludwell, Smith, Grimball, Bull, Blake, Conant, and Coming were Lords Proprietors' Deputies. 

Nothing else recorded.

On June 8, 1692, the Executive Council met and those present were:
- Gov. Philip Ludwell
- Thomas Smith
- Paul Grimball
- Stephen Bull
- Joseph Blake
- Richard Conant
- John Coming

Ludwell, Smith, Grimball, Bull, Blake, Conant, and Coming were Lords Proprietors' Deputies. 

Nothing else recorded.

On June 9, 1692, the Executive Council met and those present were:
- Gov. Philip Ludwell
- Thomas Smith
- Paul Grimball
- Stephen Bull
- Joseph Blake
- Richard Conant
- John Coming

Ludwell, Smith, Grimball, Bull, Blake, Conant, and Coming were Lords Proprietors' Deputies. 

Francis Fidling appeared and accused James Nichols of stealing a coat and a hat out of his home last night. Nichols appeared and confessed. The Executive Council ordered Nichols to be sent to gaol and to answer for his crime at the next General Sessions of the Peace to be held.

On June 14, 1692, the Executive Council met and those present were:
- Gov. Philip Ludwell
- Thomas Smith
- Paul Grimball
- Stephen Bull
- Richard Conant
- John Coming

Ludwell, Smith, Grimball, Bull, Conant, and Coming were Lords Proprietors' Deputies. 

The Executive Council read the petition of Thomas Smith and Barnard Schenckingh, attorneys for Landgrave James Colleton, against Seth Sothel. They ordered all witnesses to appear before this Executive Council on July 13th, and for Seth Sothel to be here, too.

On June 15, 1692, the Executive Council met and those present were:
- Gov. Philip Ludwell
- Thomas Smith
- Paul Grimball
- Stephen Bull
- Richard Conant
- John Coming

Ludwell, Smith, Grimball, Bull, Conant, and Coming were Lords Proprietors' Deputies. 

The Executive Council noted that the Lords Proprietors have instructed Seth Sothel to go to London to answer the many charges against him. They also noted that Sothel was sailing soon, and no person shall hinder his departure. They then ordered that if anyone has more charges against Sothel, they can submit them to the Secretary within the next ten days.

On June 17, 1692, the Executive Council met and those present were:
- Gov. Philip Ludwell
- Thomas Smith
- Paul Grimball
- Stephen Bull
- Joseph Blake
- Richard Conant
- John Coming

Ludwell, Smith, Grimball, Bull, Blake, Conant, and Coming were Lords Proprietors' Deputies.

The Executive Council read the petition of Charles Basden, William Bradley, Peter Poinsett, and Nicholas Marden against Seth Sothel. They then issued a summons for Seth Sothel to appear before this Executive Council tomorrow.

On June 18, 1692, the Executive Council met and those present were:
- Gov. Philip Ludwell
- Thomas Smith
- Paul Grimball
- Stephen Bull
- Joseph Blake
- Richard Conant
- John Coming

Ludwell, Smith, Grimball, Bull, Blake, Conant, and Coming were Lords Proprietors' Deputies.

Charles Basden, William Bradley, Peter Poinsett, and Nicholas Marden alleged that Seth Sothel extorted large sums of money from them pretending to give them a license to retail spiritous liquors. Seth Sothel was present and submitted to the judgement of this Executive Council. They ordered him to pay £6 and 10 shillings Carolina money to each of Basden, Bradley, and Marden, and £4 and 10 shillings Carolina money to Peter Poinsett.

On June 20, 1692, the Executive Council met and those present were:
- Gov. Philip Ludwell
- Thomas Smith
- Paul Grimball
- Stephen Bull
- Joseph Blake

Ludwell, Smith, Grimball, Bull, and Blake were Lords Proprietors' Deputies.

The Executive Council learned about William Popell spreading false, dangerous, and seditious rumors and reports about the late government under Seth Sothel being true and lawful, and after he appeared and confessed the same, they ordered him to be taken into custody of the Provost Marshall until he can provide a total security of £400 for one year.

The Executive Council read two petitions of James LeSeruerier against Stephen Tauveront, cooper, for better security for a lot sold to LeSeruerier. They ordered the Provost Marshall to give notice to Tauveront to appear before this Executive Council.

On June 21, 1692, the Executive Council met and those present were:
- Gov. Philip Ludwell
- Thomas Smith
- Paul Grimball
- Stephen Bull
- Joseph Blake
- Richard Conant
- John Coming (arrived in the afternoon)

Ludwell, Smith, Grimball, Bull, Blake, Conant, and Coming were Lords Proprietors' Deputies. 

The Executive Council granted Letters of Administration to William Cockfield after reading his petition for said letters about the estate of Christopher Edwards, deceased, and for Cockfield to take over the maintenance of the orphan son, Francis Edwards.

The Executive Council ordered that an Orphan's Court be held at the home of Thomas Smith in Charles Town on July 14th, and for all guardians bring a true account of the estates they manage for said orphans.

The Executive Council noted that the recent Commons House of Assembly did meet but refused to enact any new laws and adjourned against the advice of the governor and this Executive Council.

The Executive Council ordered that no Pilot or any other person may go out to a ship in the harbor and make deals directly with any ship that has not been at anchor for at least 48 hours. They are subject to two months in gaol without bail.

The Executive Council ordered that all persons capable of bearing arms shall take their turn at the Constable's Watch. If they do not comply they are subject to twenty-four hours close imprisonment.

The Executive Council ordered that no person shall publish any false news or utter seditious or scandalous words causing a disturbance of the peace. If they do, they are subject to three months imprisonment without bail.

The Executive Council ordered that no person can operate a Tipling House or to retail sale strong liquors such as wine, rum punch, brandy, beer, cider, or ale, etc. without a proper license under the hand of the Governor, and the providing a bond to the Governor. Each license will be good for six months as long as the licensee keeps order at his place.

The Executive Council ordered Paul Grimball - Receiver General - to pay the governor from the proceeds of the sale of the wrecked Privateer, since there is a shortage of cash in the province.

The Executive Council ordered the observance of the Lord's Day, that is Sunday, and that no person shall be haunting a paunch house or tipling house during devine services. If anyone is found drunk at this time, they will be imprisoned for twenty-four hours. They also ordered the ministers and officers of the "French Church" that their services shall begin around 9 am and 2 pm.

On June 22, 1692, the Executive Council met and those present were:
- Gov. Philip Ludwell
- Thomas Smith
- Paul Grimball (only in the morning)
- Stephen Bull
- Joseph Blake (arrived in the afternoon)
- Richard Conant
- John Coming (arrived in the afternoon)

Ludwell, Smith, Grimball, Bull, Blake, Conant, and Coming were Lords Proprietors' Deputies. 

The Executive Council ordered that they shall sit as a General Sessions of the Peace and Gaol Delivery on July 18th next. They directed that Joshua Hobson shall be Attorney General at that session.

The Executive Council heard diverse complaints against Francis Noble that he misbehaved greatly at a meeting of the English and Indians at Savannah Town for barbariously beating Thomas Noble. They ordered the Provost Marshall to take Francis Noble into custody until the next General Sessions, where he will answer these complaints.

The Executive Council ordered Thomas Smith to provide to Paul Grimball a complete accounting of the condemned wreck Privateer.

The Executive Council ordered that Lt. Col. Robert Quarry, Capt. James Moore, and Francis Noble shall appear at the General Sessions of July 13th to answer the several complaints against William Williams filed in the Secretary's office.

Since Barnard Schenckingh, the Sheriff of Berkeley County is sick, the Provost Marshall is directed to publish the notice of the upcoming General Sessions of the Peace and Gaol Delivery on July 13th. (this line says July 18th).

The Executive Council noted that the Lords Proprietors have taken all Indians within 400 miles of this settlement under their protection, and also instructed that no Indian shall be taken as a slave or sent out of the country. Then they ordered that only licensed persons may take an Indian out of the province.

On July 13, 1692, the Executive Council met and those present were:
- Gov. Philip Ludwell
- Thomas Smith
- Paul Grimball
- Stephen Bull
- Joseph Blake
- Richard Conant

Ludwell, Smith, Grimball, Bull, Blake, and Conant were Lords Proprietors' Deputies. 

The Executive Council read the petiton of Richard Conant against John Beresford for the fees and profit of the offices of Clerk of Council, Clerk of Peace, and Coroner. They ordered Beresford to appear before this Executive Council on September 2nd to answer this complaint.

They then sat as the court of General Sessions of the Peace and Gaol Delivery and swore in twelve named jurors:
- James Young - Foreman
- Daniel Curtis
- Christopher Jarratt
- Jacob Neale
- George Canty
- William Bowington
- Isaac Calliabufe
- John Hill
- Francis Fidling
- Thomas Rose
- Findla Marten
- William Elliott

As this court was trying the case between Paul Grimball against John Harris and John Beresford, Seth Sothel appeared and took a seat without being summoned or wanted in this court. Sothel then stated that this Court sat based on an unlawful authority and that there was no Court without him and that he was governor by right. The Executive Council then posted a publication informing Sothel that if he attempts to disrupt this government ever again they would detain him in Gaol until they can send him to England to answer to the Lords Proprietors.

After this, the Jury brought their verdict that John Harris and John Beresford shall pay until Paul Grimball £50 plus cost of court.

On July 14 (19th?), 1692, the Executive Council met and those present were:
- Gov. Philip Ludwell
- Thomas Smith
- Paul Grimball
- Stephen Bull
- Joseph Blake
- Richard Conant

Ludwell, Smith, Grimball, Bull, Blake, and Conant were Lords Proprietors' Deputies. 

Seth Sothel again appeared before this Executive Council and stated that they had posted a scurrilous and scandalous paper against him and that they sat by a usurped power.

Thomas Smith withdrew as one of the attorneys representing Landgrave James Colleton in a suit.

The Executive Council noted that some of the defendants in the Colleton suit appeared and asserted that this matter had been resolved to everyone's satisfaction and should be dismissed. Two defendants did not appear.

On July 14, 1692, the Executive Council met and those present were:
- Gov. Philip Ludwell
- Thomas Smith
- Stephen Bull
- Richard Conant

Ludwell, Smith, Bull, and Conant were Lords Proprietors' Deputies.  

This group sat as an Orphans Court in the afternoon, and heard the petition of John Thomas, Chyrurgen against Jonathan Amory and George Deasley, and they ordered them to pay Dr. Thomas 50 shillings plus costs of court.

On July 15, 1692, the Executive Council met and those present were:
- Gov. Philip Ludwell
- Thomas Smith
- Paul Grimball
- Stephen Bull (arrived in the afternoon)
- Joseph Blake
- Richard Conant

Ludwell, Smith, Grimball, Bull, Blake, and Conant were Lords Proprietors' Deputies.  

They sat as a Court of Chancery and ordered that William Smith and his wife Anne provide their answer under oath at the next sitting on Tuesday next.

They resumed as an Exeutive Council and read the petition of Jonathan Amory and George Deasley that Wilson Dunston's chiefest creditor was his brother, John Dunston, who was also deceased. But, they wanted to go ahead and send the debt to his estate in London. The Executive Council approved this.

George Canty, executor of the last will and testament of Joseph Oldyes, deceased brought to this Executive Council the accounts, which were approved as complete.

The Executive Council noted that Barnard Schenckingh, High Sheriff of Berkeley County and Chief Judge of the Court of Pleas is now deceased. They then appointed Robert Gibbes as High Sheriff of Berkeley County and Chief Judge of Pleas.

On July 18, 1692, the Executive Council met and those present were:
- Gov. Philip Ludwell
- Thomas Smith
- Paul Grimball
- Stephen Bull
- Joseph Blake
- Richard Conant

Ludwell, Smith, Grimball, Bull, Blake, and Conant were Lords Proprietors' Deputies.  

Lt. Col. Robert Gibbes appeared and took the oaths of offices mentioned directly above and that oath of allegiance. He was then also appointed Justice of the Peace for Berkeley County and took the oath of that office.

The Executive Council noted that they have learned that Thomas Farr of Colleton County has spoken diverse scandalous words. They ordered that he be taken into custody.

On July 21, 1692, the Executive Council met and those present were:
- Gov. Philip Ludwell
- Thomas Smith
- Paul Grimball
- Stephen Bull
- Joseph Blake
- Richard Conant

Ludwell, Smith, Grimball, Bull, Blake, and Conant were Lords Proprietors' Deputies. 

The Executive Council heard the complaint of John Guppell that his servant Joseph Haley had absented himself several days without permission, and they ordered that both men appear before John Coming within ten days.

On July 22, 1692, the Executive Council met and those present were:
- Gov. Philip Ludwell
- Thomas Smith
- Paul Grimball
- Stephen Bull
- Joseph Blake
- Richard Conant

Ludwell, Smith, Grimball, Bull, Blake, and Conant were Lords Proprietors' Deputies. 

The Executive Council ordered that a formal commission be drawn up for Lt. Col. Robert Gibbes and his new offices. They also ordered that  Benjamin Waring, Richard Baker, Humphrey Primate, and William Davis be commissioned as Assistant Judges.

They then reviewed the estate inventory of Lewis Pasquereau and ordered a more perfect completion thereof.

Seth Sothel appeared before this Executive Council to hear depositions of John Alexander, Joshua Hobson, and Francis Norman.

The Executive Council noted that they were aware of several northern Indian tribes - that is, the Esaws, Waxhaws, and Congarees - were recently at Col. Andrew Percivall's and left before the governor could arrive to speak with them. They ordered Col. Percivall that if any other Indians ever arrive, he is to send them on to the governor with a good interpreter. This notice went out to inform anyone who might have contact with the Indians.

On July 23, 1692, the Executive Council met and those present were:
- Gov. Philip Ludwell
- Thomas Smith
- Paul Grimball
- Stephen Bull
- Joseph Blake
- Richard Conant

Ludwell, Smith, Grimball, Bull, Blake, and Conant were Lords Proprietors' Deputies. 

The Executive Council noted that it appears that Barnard Schenckingh died without a will, so they directed his widow, Elizabeth to take the whole estate into her care until Letters of Adminstration can be issued or a will found.

The Executive Council ordered that Anthony Shory is appointed to ensure that "Dry Measures" be certified after so many abuses have been recorded. Sellers of Dry Measures are to add the capital letters of W, R, M marked as well as the seal of Anthony Shory.

On August 9, 1692, the Executive Council met and those present were:
- Gov. Philip Ludwell
- Thomas Smith
- Stephen Bull
- Joseph Blake
- Richard Conant

Ludwell, Smith, Bull, Blake, and Conant were Lords Proprietors' Deputies. 

The Executive Council noted that Seth Sothel attended the Court of Pleas and uttered diverse words and expressions stirring the people into mutiny and rebellion, they then ordered the Provost Marshall to take Sothel into custody until he can provide security for proper behavior.

The Executive Council ordered that a Writ of Election be issued for an Assembly - for Craven County to vote on September 1st, for Berkeley County to vote on September 6th, and for Colleton County to vote on September 10th. The Commons House of Assembly is to meet in Charles Town on September 20th.

On August 11, 1692, the Executive Council met and those present were:
- Gov. Philip Ludwell
- Thomas Smith
- Stephen Bull
- Joseph Blake
- Richard Conant (left early)
- John Coming

Ludwell, Smith, Bull, Blake, Conant, and Coming were Lords Proprietors' Deputies. 

The Executive Council noted that Robert Seabrook has held unlawful commerce and correspondence with pirates and selling to them arms and ammunition contrary to law. They ordered the Provost Marshall to take Seabrook into custody without bail until he appears in court.

The Executive Council ordered Seth Sothel to leave the province at his own expense.

The Executive Council read the appeal and petition of Finlay Martin from two judgements made against him, they approved his request for appeal and it shall be heard on September 2nd.

The Executive Council reviewed the application of Alatamhaw, Chief of the Yamassees, about his son. They then ordered Philip Mullins to deliver up said Indian boy to Joseph Blake. If Mullins does not do so, then the Provost Marshal shall take him into custody.

On August 20, 1692, the Executive Council met and those present were:
- Gov. Philip Ludwell
- Stephen Bull
- Joseph Blake
- Richard Conant

Ludwell, Bull, Blake, and Conant were Lords Proprietors' Deputies. 

The Executive Council ordered the Provost Marshall to take Thomas Akins into custody for spreading diverse scandalous words about the present government, without bail, until the September court session.

The Executive Council ordered that Hugh Carteret be brought imediately to this Executive Council. Carteret needed time to prepare his answer. So, they ordered the Provost Marshall to keep him in custody until the next meeting of this Executive Council on Monday.

On August 22, 1692, the Executive Council met and those present were:
- Gov. Philip Ludwell
- Thomas Smith
- Stephen Bull
- Joseph Blake
- Richard Conant

Ludwell, Smith, Bull, Blake, and Conant were Lords Proprietors' Deputies. 

The Executive Council ordered that no rum or other spiritous liquors be given or sold to any Indians because of potential dangers to the province. All persons are to take notice at their own peril.

The Executive Council reported that Hugh Carteret had made such egregious comments about the governor and this government, and they ordered the Provost Marshall to keep him in custody until he gives security for his good behavior for one full year.

They then sat as a Court of Admiralty and read the petition of Capt. William Pettit, master of the ship Carolina Merchant, telling that his ship was seized by subjects of the French King and condemned in a court held in Jamaica. They then took depositions from several men with Capt. Pettit who were also taken.

On September 15, 1692, the Executive Council met and those present were:
- Gov. Philip Ludwell
- Paul Grimball
- Stephen Bull
- Joseph Blake
- Richard Conant

Ludwell, Grimball, Bull, Blake, and Conant were Lords Proprietors' Deputies. 

Thomas Akins was brought before this Executive Council for his scandalous words against this government. They ordered him to provide a security of £40 to appear at the next General Sessions of the Peace.

On September 16, 1692, the Executive Council met and those present were:
- Gov. Philip Ludwell
- Paul Grimball
- Stephen Bull
- Joseph Blake
- Richard Conant

Ludwell, Grimball, Bull, Blake, and Conant were Lords Proprietors' Deputies. 

The Executive Council noted that Robert Fenwick was ordered not to leave the province for one year until they could learn the Lords Proprietors' decision about those aboard the abandoned wreck Privateer whouild be known, but Fenwick did leave onboard the sloop Dolphin, which was forced back to Charles Town by bad weather. They ordered the Provost Marshall to take Fenwick into custody until he provides £500 security for one year.

The Executive Council ordered that a Court of Oyer & Terminer to sit on Friday, September 23rd instant. They also ordered the Provost Marshall to summon a jury for said court.

On September 22, 1692, the Executive Council met and those present were:
- Gov. Philip Ludwell
- Thomas Smith
- Paul Grimball
- Stephen Bull
- Joseph Blake

Ludwell, Smith, Grimball, Bull, and Blake were Lords Proprietors' Deputies. 

The Executive Council issued a Writ to Provost Marshall William Williams for him to summon all and every member of the present Commons House of Assembly to return to their duties and to meet at the home of Francis Fidling in Charles Town at 3 pm to conclude their business. They had adjourned without doing anything.

On September 23, 1692, the Executive Council met and those present were:
- Gov. Philip Ludwell
- Thomas Smith
- Paul Grimball
- Stephen Bull
- Joseph Blake
- Richard Conant (also Clerk of the Executive Council)

Ludwell, Smith, Grimball, Bull, Blake, and Conant were Lords Proprietors' Deputies. 

They sat as a Court of Oyer & Terminer. Joshua Hobson was authorized to sit as Attorney General for this Court. The Grand Jury was named:
- Col. Robert Quarry
- William Dry
- John Collins
- Capt. George Dearsley
- John Bird
- James Bamer
- Will Baker
- Edward Drake
- Capt. Thomas Smith
- Will Elliott, Jr.
- Capt. Charles Basden
- Anthony Shory
- James Whithear
- Capt. Henry Symonds
- Ambross Dennissens
- James Williams

Nothing more was recorded but their adjournment until tomorrow.

On September 24, 1692, the Executive Council met and those present were:
- Gov. Philip Ludwell
- Thomas Smith
- Paul Grimball
- Stephen Bull
- Joseph Blake
- Richard Conant (also Clerk of Council)

Ludwell, Smith, Grimball, Bull, Blake, and Conant were Lords Proprietors' Deputies. 

They sat as a Court of Oyer & Terminer once again. The Petty Jury was named:
- Thomas Greatbeath
- Peter Hearne
- Thomas Worme
- Robert Cole
- Hugh Wiglesworth
- Edward Westbury
- John Mell
- Samuel Stent
- Roger Houndson
- John Sto k
- John Morgan

Katherine Botley, widow, who was arraigned for a felony, pleaded not guilty and put herself upon God and country. The Jury found her guilty and sentenced her to have a "T" burnt into the ball of her thumb, which was done immediately in front of the court.

They then heard the complaint of John Steward against Francis Noble for stealing a packet of letters.... [records abruptly end here with no explanation.]


Most of this information comes from "Journal of the Grand Council of South Carolina - April 11, 1692 - September 26, 1692," by A.S. Salley, Jr., printed by The State Company in 1907.

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