Carolina Under the Lords Proprietors' Rule

2nd House of Burgesses - 1667-1669

Samuel Stephens was appointed the second governor of Albemarle County in October of 1667. During his term in office, four new precincts were created within Albemarle County - Chowan, Currituck, Pasquotank, and Perquimans - in 1668. Each of these were authorized five representatives to attend the House of Burgesses.

Most often, this group was called the "Grand Assembly," the correct name was the General Assembly, which was made up of the Upper House (Governor and Executive Council) and the Lower House, which was soon named the House of Burgesses.

In 1667 or 1668, the Albemarle General Assembly petitioned the Lords Proprietors to change their land policy to match what they had previously been used to in Virginia. This petition was granted and on May 1, 1668, the Lords Proprietors issued new instructions to Gov. Samuel Stephens to grant lands using the same terms as in Virginia. This new policy would come to be called the "Great Deed of Grant."

However privately, the Lords Proprietors instructed Governor Stephens to enact new laws to achieve their earlier land objectives. Governor Stephens managed to get the "Great Deed of Grant" nullified except for the high quit-rents. Once again, the Freeholders in Albemarle County were irritated.

Nine Acts were passed in the Fall of 1669 by this Assembly. One Act protected newcomers from their foreign creditors for five years. This caused much concern in the other colonies because they felt that North Carolina was actively seeking "brigands and thieves" and harboring them.

On January 20, 1669/70, the Lords Proprietors "ratified and confirmed" the nine Acts mentioned above:

1) Act prohibiting suing any person within five years
2) Act concerning marriages
3) Act concerning the transfer of rights
4) Act exempting newcomers from paying levies for one year
5) Act against ingrocers to retail at unreasonable rates
6) Act concerning defraying the charge of the governor and executive council
7) Act what land men shall hold in one dividend
8) Act for the speedier seating of the land
9) Act prohibiting strangers trading with Indians

Click Here to read the details of these nine Acts.

Election District

Delegate

Chowan Precinct

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Currituck Precinct

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Pasquotank Precinct

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Perquimans Precinct

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