Carolina - The Native Americans

The Weapemeoc Indians

The meaning of the name Weapemeoc is unknown, but is most likely a place name. Also called: Yeopim, a shortened and more usual form.

The Weapemeoc were almost certainly of the Algonquian linguistic family and related to the Powhatan Indians the north and the Chowan, Machapunga, and Pamlico to the south.

The Weapemeoc lived in most of what are present-day Currituck, Camden, Pasquotank, and Perquimans Counties, and part of Chowan County in North Carolina.

In the same section in later times are given the following tribes which must be regarded as subdivisions of the Weapemeoc:

Pasquotank, on Pasquotank River.
Perquiman, on Perquimans River.
Poteskeet, location uncertain.
Yeopim, or Weapemeoc proper, on Yeopim River.

Villages:

Chepanoc, on Albemarle Sound in Perquimans County.

Mascoming, on the north shore of Albemarle Sound, in Chowan County.

Metachkwem, location unknown.

Pasquenock, perhaps identical with Pasquotank, on the north shore of Albemarle Sound, perhaps in Camden County.

Weapemeoc, probably in Pasquotank County.

The Weapemeoc first appear in history in the narratives of the Roanoke colony of 1585-86.

Later they are spoken of under the various subdivisional names.

They parted with some of their land in 1662.

In 1701, according to Lawson, only six of the Yeopim survived though there were forty warriors of the other subdivisions, including ten Pasquotank and thirty Potekeet.

In the time of the Roanoke colony, the Weapemeoc are said to have had between 700 and 800 warriors.

They were estimated by Mooney (1928) at 800 in 1600.

From their number as given by Lawson in 1701, he estimates 200 at that date.

In the form Yeopim the name has been preserved in that of a railroad station in Perquimans County, NC.


 


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