Carolina Lords Proprietors

Anthony Ashley Cooper, 3rd Earl of Shaftesbury


February 26, 1671 to February 4, 1713

Anthony Ashley Cooper, 3rd Earl of Shaftesbury (February 26, 1671 - February 4, 1713) was the eldest son of Anthony Ashley Cooper, 2nd Earl of Shaftesbury and Lady Dorothy Manners, daughter of John Manners, 8th Earl of Rutland.

Anthony Ashley Cooper, 3rd Earl of Shaftesbury was nearly forty years old before he married, and even then he appears to have taken this step at the urgent instigation of his friends, mainly to supply a successor to the title. The object of his choice (or rather of his second choice, for an earlier project of marriage had shortly before fallen through) was Jane Ewer, the daughter of Thomas Ewer, a Hertfordshire gentleman. The marriage took place in the autumn of 1709, and on February 9, 1711, was born at his house at Reigate, in Surrey, his only child and heir, the fourth Earl, to whose manuscript accounts we are in great part indebted for the details of his father's life. The match appears to have been happy, though Shaftesbury had little sentiment on the subject of married life.

He inherited his father's share of Carolina upon his father's death in 1699.

Anthony Ashley Cooper, 3rd Earl of Shaftesbury was a Member of Parliament for Poole (1695–1698). In 1699, he succeeded his father in the earldom and entered the House of Lords.

Cooper was a noted philosopher and his writings were collected and published as Characteristicks of Men in 1711. In poor health for most of his adult life, he was represented by his brother, Maurice Ashley, at meetings of the Carolina Proprietors from 1699 until his death in 1713.

Upon his death his share of Carolina was inherited by his infant son, Anthony Ashley Cooper, 4th Earl of Shaftesbury, but it was quickly sold by his mother to his father's brother, his uncle, Maurice Ashley.


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