Carolina Lords Proprietors

Henry Hyde, 2nd Earl of Clarendon


June 2, 1638 to October 31, 1709

Henry Hyde, 2nd Earl of Clarendon (June 2, 1638 - October 31, 1709) was the eldest son of Edward Hyde, 1st Earl of Clarendon and Frances Aylesbury.

In 1660, Henry Hyde married Theodosia, daughter of Arthur Capell, 1st Baron Capell of Hadham, and sister of Mary Somerset, Duchess of Beaufort. She died in 1662, and in 1670, he married Flower, widow of William Bishop and Sir William Backhouse, and daughter of William Backhouse, gaining the manor and house of Swallowfield Park, Berkshire; later she was first lady of the bedchamber to Queen Anne. He had the courtesy title Lord Cornbury from 1661.

Henry Hyde was Member of Parliament for Wiltshire, until 1674. He was Lord Privy Seal and Lord Lieutenant of Ireland from 1685 to 1687. His opposition to William and Mary resulted in his imprisonment in the Tower of London in 1690 for several months.

Upon his father's death in 1674, he inherited his share of Carolina and took his seat in the House of Lords. Henry Hyde had virtually zero interest in being a Lords Proprietor of Carolina, and in 1677, he sold his share to Seth Sothel.


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