Carolina Lords Proprietors

John Berkeley, 1st Baron of Stratton


1602 to August 28, 1678

John Berkeley, 1st Baron of Stratton (1602-August 28, 1678), was, like William Craven, an almost fanatical follower of the Stuarts. During the English Civil War, when King Charles I's queen was expecting a child, her husband placed her at Exeter because it was under Berkeley's command. A skillful politician, he was president of the important Council for Foreign Plantations, making many decisions affecting British possessions in America.


John Berkeley was an English army officer and courtier. A royalist, he fought in numerous engagements in the English Civil War and later, through association with the Duke of York (later James II), won great political advancement.

He was raised to the peerage in 1658, appointed Lord President of Connacht for life in 1661, and appointed as one of the Proprietors of New Jersey in 1664.

From 1670 to 1672 he was Lord Lieutenant of Ireland.

Upon the death of George Monck, 1st Duke of Albemarle on January 3, 1670, John Berkeley, 1st Baron of Stratton was named the second Palatine of Carolina.


Upon his death in 1678, his share of Carolina was sold to John Archdale. Also upon his death, Sir George Carteret, Baronet, was named the third Palatine of Carolina.
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