Carolina Lords Proprietors

Mary Archdale Danson and John Danson

Mary Archdale was the daughter of John Archdale and Anne Cary. At some point in time, she married John Danson. In 1729, Mary Archdale Danson was described as a widow living in the Parish of St. Andrews, Holbourne, in the County of Middlesex, London. Her interest in scientific matters is suggested by a report, "An Account of Animals and Shells Sent from Carolina to Mr. James Petiver, FRS," published in the May 1705 Philosophical Transactions, in which it is stated that she gave the writer the first and largest shell of a particular kind which he described.

John Archdale had already purchased John Berkeley, 1st Baron of Stratton's share of Carolina in 1678 for his son Thomas Archdale, who upon reaching maturity resold this share to Joseph Blake in 1696.

In 1705, John Archdale purchased another share of Carolina, the share originally owned by Sir William Berkeley, then passed to his wife, Lady Frances Berkeley, then sold back to four Lords Proprietors and placed in a trust managed by Thomas Amy. In 1708, he gave this share to his daughter, Mary Archdale Danson and her husband John Danson.

John Danson can be found in many records of the Lords Proprietors' meetings held between 1708 and 1724, the year of his death, however, very little else can be found on this man. The name of Mary Archdale Danson is found in but a few records.

John Danson died c.1724, and Mary Archdale Danson sold this share of Carolina to Hugh Watson, trustee for James Bertie and Henry Bertie. Soon thereafter, this share was assigned solely to Henry Bertie. See below.


In December of 1683, a little more than six (6) years after the death of Sir William Berkeley, Lady Frances Berkeley sold her inherited share of Carolina to four living Lords Proprietors - Christopher Monck - 2nd Duke of Albemarle, William Craven - 1st Lord Craven, Sir George Carteret - 1st Baronet Carteret, and Sir Peter Colleton - 2nd Baronet. These four Lords Proprietors collectively created a trust for this share of Carolina and appointed Thomas Amy to manage the said trust.

Upon the death of Thomas Amy in 1704, his eldest son, Thomas Amy, Jr. claimed ownership of this share. He died in 1707 before perfecting his claim, which he subsequently left to his two sisters - Elizabeth Amy Moore and Ann Amy Trott (who was married to Nicholas Trott).

However, the surviving Lords Proprietors, heirs to the four mentioned above - John Grenville - 1st Baron Granville of Potheridge; William Craven, 2nd Baron Craven; John Carteret - 2nd Baronet Carteret; and Sir John Colleton - 3rd Baronet - decided that since Thomas Amy had only been appointed trustee and manager for this share of Carolina, in 1705 they sold this share to John Archdale. In 1708, John Archdale gave this share to his daughter, Mary Archdale Danson and her husband John Danson. In 1724, John Danson died and Mary Archdale Danson sold this share to Hugh Watson, trustee for James Bertie and Henry Bertie. Ultimately, this share was assigned solely to Henry Bertie, and he claimed full ownership.

The alleged various ownerships were never settled and when the Crown purchased Carolina in 1728/1729, they provided consideration to all parties involved in this share and all those named above ceded their rights to the Crown.


 


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