North Carolina in the 1800s

North Carolina State House of Representatives

1868-1869

This General Assembly met from November 16, 1868 to April 12, 1869. A Special Session was called earlier from July 1st to August 24th in 1868. Another session was convened from November 15, 1869 to March 28, 1870.

The new NC State Constitution of 1868 changed the name from the House of Commons to the House of Representatives. 120 delegates were still allowed, with one county (Wake) getting up to four (4) members due to population. Each county was still allocated at least one (1) delegate. All were elected for two year terms.

Although they had been established several years earlier, the following counties sent their first delegates to the 1868 General Assembly: Alleghany, Clay, Mitchell, Polk, Transylvania, and Wilson.

County

 Number of
Delegates Authorized

Delegate(s)

Alamance

1

John A. Moore

Alexander

1

Robert P. Matheson

Alleghany

1

John L. Smith

Anson

1

D. Ingram

Ashe

1

Matthew Carson

Beaufort

1

Hiram E. Stilley

Bertie

1

Parker D. Robbins (1)

Bladen

1

F.W. Foster

Brunswick

1

B.T. Morrell

Buncombe

1

William Gaston Candler

Burke

1

John R. Sudderth

Cabarrus

1

John P. Gibson

Caldwell

1

James C. Harper (2) / W.H. Malone (2)

Camden

1

W.B. Ferebee

Carteret

1

Joel Henry Davis

Caswell

2

Philip Hodnett, William Long (3) / Wilson Cary (3) (1)

Catawba

1

James R. Ellis

Chatham

2

William T. Gunter, James B. Long

Cherokee

1

J.R. Simonds

Chowan

1

William A. Moore*

Clay

1

John O. Hicks

Cleveland

1

Plato Durham

Columbus 

2

Daniel P. High

Craven

3

B.W. Morris (1), Augustus S. Seymour, A.W. Stevens (1)

Cumberland

2

John S. Leary (1), Isham Sweat (1)

Currituck

1

Thomas C. Humphries

Davidson

2

George Kinney, Jabez Mendenhall

Davie

1

James A. Kelley

Duplin

2

N.E. Armstrong, Isaac B. Kelly

Edgecombe

2

Henry C. Cherry (1), George Peck

Forsyth

1

John P. Vest

Franklin

2

James T. Harris, John H. Williamson (1)

Gaston

1

Jonas Hoffman

Gates

1

John Gatling

Granville

3

A.A. Crawford (1), Cuffie Mayo (1), J.W. Ragland

Greene

1

Joseph Dixon

Guilford

2

David Hodgin, Stephen G. Horney

Halifax

3

H.T.J Hayes (1), Ivey Hutchings (1), John H. Renfrow

Harnett

1

Neill S. Stewart (4) / B.C. Williams (4)

Haywood

1

Walter Brown (5) / W.P. Welch (5)

Henderson

1

W.D. Justus

Hertford

1

Thomas Snipes

Hyde

1

Tillman Farrow

Iredell

2

George Davidson, T.A. Nicholson

Jackson

1

Joseph Keener (6) / E.M. Painter (6)

Johnston

2

B.R. Hinnant, Edward W. Pou

Jones

1

L.D. Wilkie

Lenoir

1

Wallace Ames

Lincoln

1

A.C. Wiswall

Macon

1

James L. Robinson

Madison

1

George W. Gahagan

Martin

1

Jesse J. Smith

McDowell

1

W.W. Gilbert

Mecklenburg

2

W. Grier, Robert D. Whitley

Mitchell

1

Jacob W. Bowman

Montgomery

1

George A. Graham

Moore

1

Abel Kelly

Nash

1

William W. Boddie

New Hanover

3

Joseph C. Abbott (7), George Z. French, Llewellen G. Estes (8), R.C. Parker (9), John S.W. Eagles (1), George W. Price (1)

Northampton

2

Roswell C. Parker, John T. Reynolds

Onslow

1

Franklin Thompson

Orange

2

J.J. Allison (10) / Thomas M. Argo (10), Frederick N. Strudwick

Pasquotank

1

Thomas A. Sykes (1)

Perquimans

1

Jeptha White

Person

1

Samuel C. Barnett

Pitt

2

Byron Laflin, Richard Short

Polk

1

Ashbury Waldrop

Randolph 

2

Joel Ashworth, E.T. Blair

Richmond

1

Richmond T. Long

Robeson

2

Edward K. Proctor, James Sinclair

Rockingham

2

Henry Barnes, D.S. Ellington

Rowan

2

Joseph Hawkins, Isaac M. Shaver

Rutherford

1

James M. Justice

Sampson

1

John C. Williams

Stanly

1

Lafayette Green

Stokes

1

W.W. McCanless

Surry

1

A.L. Hendricks

Transylvania

1

James W. Clayton

Tyrrell

1

Thomas J. Jarvis

Union

1

Hugh Downing

Wake

4

Joseph W. Holden*, Stokes D. Franklin, Fielding G. Moring, James H. Harris (1)

Warren 

2

William Cawthorn (1), Richard Falkner (1)

Washington

1

James J. Rea

Watauga

1

Lewis B. Banner

Wayne

2

John T. Person, D.E. Smith

Wilkes

1

William B. Segrist

Wilson

1

George W. Stanton

Yadkin

1

J.M. Vestal

Yancey

1

David Proffitt
* Joseph W. Holden was elected Speaker of the House of Representatives. He resigned in March of 1870 after an unsuccessful bid for the U.S. Congress. William A. Moore was then elected Speaker of the House of Representatives. John H. Boner was Clerk.
(1) Parker D. Robbins, Wilson Cary, B.W. Morris, A.W. Stevens, John S. Leary, Isham Sweat, Henry C. Cherry, John H. Williamson, A.A. Crawford, Cuffie Mayo, H.T.J. Hayes, Ivey Hutchings, John S.W. Eagles, George W. Price, Thomas A. Sykes, James H. Harris, William Cawthorn, and Richard Falkner (plus three NC Senators) were among the first black men to be elected to the NC Legislature after the Civil War.
(2) James C. Harper's election was declared illegal and voided. W.H. Malone was elected to replace him.
(3) William Long's election was declared illegal and voided., Wilson Cary was elected to replace him.
(4) Neill S. Stewart's election was declared illegal and voided. B.C. Williams was elected to replace him.
(5) Walter Brown's election was declared illegal and voided. W.P. Welch was elected to replace him.
(6) Joseph Keener's election was declared illegal and voided. E.M. Painter was elected to replace him.
(7) Joseph C. Abbott resigned his seat after he was elected to the U.S. Senate. Unclear which man was elected to replace him.
(8) Llewellen G. Estes resigned his seat, date and reason unknown. Unclear which man was elected to replace him.
(9) R.C. Parker died while in office, date unknown. Unclear if anyone was elected to replace him or not.
(10) J.J. Allison resigned, date and reason unknown. Thomas M. Argo was elected to replace him.
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