North Carolina - Acts on Education Topics

An Act for Establishing Two Public Schools in the County of Onslow, and for Other Purposes.

1783 - Chapter XLIII

The State Records of North Carolina - Volume XXIV, Pages 534-535

I. Whereas, the establishing of public schools at convenient places for the education of youth will be attended with great advantages to the inhabitants of this State;

II. Be it therefore Enacted by the General Assembly of the State of North Carolina, and it is hereby Enacted by the authority of the same, That George Mitchell, Reuben Grant, William Nelms, Joseph Lillibridge and John Pasteur, esquires, be and they are hereby constituted and appointed trustees, with full power and authority to receive into their hands and possession all monies which have been heretofore or may hereafter be subscribed for the purpose of erecting a public school in the village commonly called New-Town at the mouth of White Oak River, in Onslow county, and to ask for and demand of the several subscribers all sums by them respectively subscribed; and in case of refusal by any of them to pay the same, to sue for and recover by action of debt in the name of the trustees, the sum which the person so refusing shall have subscribed, in any jurisdiction having cognizance thereof, and the monies when collected and received to be applied by the said trustees, or a majority of them, towards purchasing a lot of ground in the aforesaid village, and for erecting thereon a suitable and convenient house, to contract with and employ tutors, and to perform every act and thing they or a majority of them, shall think necessary for the advancement and promotion of the said school.

III. And be it further Enacted by the authority aforesaid, That the said village called New-Town shall be, and it is hereby erected into a town by the name of Swansborough, and that the trustees for the school aforesaid shall be, and they are hereby appointed commissioners of the said town; and in case of the death, removal, refusing or neglecting to qualify as such, it shall and may be lawful for the remaining part, or majority of them, to nominate and appoint others in their stead, and the said commissioners each of them shall before entering upon their said office, take the following oath; “I, A. B., do swear that I will execute the office of a commissioner for the town of Swansborough faithfully, impartially, and truly, without favour, affection or prejudice, and that I will to the utmost of my power in all things act for the good of the said town, and the well governing of it, to the best of my skill and judgment.”

IV. And be it further Enacted by the authority aforesaid, That the commissioners or a majority of them shall appoint an overseer every first Monday in January annually for the said town, which overseer shall summons all male taxable inhabitants thereof to clear, repair and keep in order the streets, lanes and passages, belonging to the said town, and any person refusing or neglecting to work on such summons, or furnish a good and sufficient hand or hands in his or their place, with proper tools to work with, shall forfeit and pay five shillings specie per day for every day he or they shall so refuse or neglect, to be recovered in the same manner as the fines and forfeitures are to be recovered by overseers of the roads, and the monies so recovered shall be applied towards hiring labourers to clear and repair the streets, lanes and passages, or any other public work to be done in the said town, and every overseer appointed as aforesaid refusing or neglecting to serve as overseer of the said town, shall forfeit and pay for every such refusal forty shillings specie, to be recovered and applied as above.

V. And be it further Enacted by the authority aforesaid, That every person exempt by law from working on public roads, shall not be themselves compelled to work on the streets, lanes, or passages in the said town.

VI. And for the better regulating the said town of Swansborough, Be it Enacted by the authority aforesaid, that the said commissioners or a majority of them, shall have full power and lawful authority to pass such necessary rules and orders as to them shall seem meet for removing all nuisances within the bounds of the said town, for persons to remove dirt and rubbish from before their doors, to grub and clear their lots, for pulling down all wooden chimnies already built in the said town, and prevent the building thereof for the future, in order to prevent danger by fire.

VII. Provided, That six months' notice be given to the owners of such chimnies as are already built, to pull down the same, and for all other things as may tend to the advantage of the said town, so that the same be not repugnant, but as near as may be agreeable to the laws of this State.

VIII. And be it further Enacted by the authority aforesaid, That the Honourable Edward Starkey, esq., James Howard, Frederick Hargett, Lewis Williams, William Shackleford and Daniel Yates, esquires, be and they are hereby constituted and appointed trustees, with full power and authority to receive into their hands and possession, all monies which have been heretofore, or may hereafter be subscribed for the purpose of erecting a public school at or near the Rich Lands of New River, in the county of Onslow aforesaid, and to ask for and demand of the several subscribers all sums by them respectively subscribed; and in case of refusal by any of them to pay the same, to sue for and recover by action of debt in the name of the trustees, the sum which the person so refusing shall have subscribed, in any jurisdiction having cognizance thereof, and the monies when collected and received to be applied by the said trustees, or by a majority of them, towards purchasing three acres of land at or near the aforesaid Rich Lands of New River, and for erecting thereon a suitable and convenient house, to contract with and employ tutors, and to perform every act and thing which they or a majority of them shall think necessary for the advancement and promotion of the said school; and in case of the death, removal, refusing, or neglect of any of the said trustees, it shall and may be lawful for the remaining part, or a majority of them, to nominate and appoint others to act in their stead.



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