North Carolina Education - Henderson County

Year County Established

County Webpage Herein

County Seat Webpage Herein

1838

Henderson County

Hendersonville
On February 11, 1861, the North Carolina General Assembly passed an Act to incorporate Judson Female College in the town of Hendersonville in Henderson County. Twenty-seven (27) trustees were named in the Act, and the college was authorized assets up to $300,000.

As early as 1858, the Western Baptist Convention sought to establish a college for women in Western North Carolina. With support from several Baptist associations, construction of a school in Hendersonville was started late in 1858 or early in 1859. The college went through a host of names, including Hendersonville Female College, Western North Carolina Female College, Judson Female College, and finally Judson College. The school was named for the Rev. Adoniram Judson, a Baptist missionary to Burma and translator of the Bible into Burmese.

The American Civil War and its aftermath put a halt to campus construction. In 1865, a corporation organized to complete the college and make it co-educational. Henderson County records show that the Western Carolina Educational Company was incorporated on March 9, 1874, for the expressed purpose of “advancement of education by purchase of the grounds and buildings known as Judson College and to operate a school as a Baptist institution.” It was 1882 before the college actually opened.

By 1892, unpaid debts had accumulated and the school was sold under mortgage to Jesse R. Starnes who leased the school to Rev. G. H. Detwiler. Detwiler operated a private, non-sectarian Christian school. Later, Dr. Guy E. Dixon purchased the school and turned it into a health resort. The old college building then passed into the hands of the Hendersonville Housing Authority. It was demolished in the 1960s to make way for modern, low-rent public housing.

The above write-up (with edits) was provided by the North Carolina Highway Marker program. Click Here to read and to view their sources.

On February 17, 1869, the North Carolina General Assembly passed an Act to prohibit the sale of spirituous liquors within one-half (1/2) mile of Judson Female College in the town of Hendersonville in Henderson County.
On March 23, 1871, the North Carolina General Assembly passed an Act to officially incorporate the existing Blue Ridge Academy in the village of Blue Ridge in Henderson County. Twelve (12) trustees were named in the Act.
On February 20, 1875, the North Carolina General Assembly passed an Act to incorporate the Western North Carolina Baptist Female College in the town of Hendersonville in Henderson County. Nine (9) trustees were named in the Act, and the college was authorized assets up to $300,000.
On March 1, 1887, the North Carolina General Assembly passed an Act to amend the charter of the Western Carolina Educational Company, which had been established on March 9, 1874 in Henderson County. This Act authorized the Western Carolina Educational Company to establish Judson College in the town of Hendersonville.
On February 14, 1893, the North Carolina General Assembly passed an Act to incorporate the Judson College Company in the town of Hendersonville in Henderson County. Two (2) incorporators were named in the Act.
On March 11, 1895, the North Carolina General Assembly passed an Act to authorize qualifed voters in the town of Hendersonville in Henderson County to decide whether to levy a special tax to fund a graded school in the town of Hendersonville. The current trustees of Hendersonville Academy and the current white school committee will become the trustees for the white graded school, which will use the existing Hendersonville Academy facilities. Two (2) new trustees plus the current colored school committee will become the trustees for the colored school. Portions of this Act were repealed on March 7, 1899; see below.
On March 9, 1897, the North Carolina General Assembly passed an Act to establish a special school district on Ball Mountain in McDowell County. Children from Henderson County and Rutherford County on Ball Mountain could also attend.
On March 7, 1899, the North Carolina General Assembly passed an Act to amend and repeal portions of the earlier Act of March 11, 1895 concerning graded schools in the town of Hendersonville in Henderson County. Nine (9) new trustees were named in this Act.
In the Biennial Report of the Superintendent of Public Instruction for the scholastic years of 1899 and 1900, it was reported that there were three (3) private schools in Henderson County:

Private School

Town/Village

Principal

No. of Students

Hendersonville High School

Hendersonville

R.H. Griffith

125

Fruitland Institute

Fruitland

A.I. Justice

225

Mills River Academy

Mills River

J.W. Morgan

75
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


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