The American Revolution in North Carolina

Brunswick County Regiment of Militia

Date Established:

Colonels:

Officers 9/9/1775:

March 1775

Col. Robert Howe
Col. John Davis
Col. Parker Quince
Col. William Lord
Col. Alfred Moore
Col. Edward Wingate

Col. John Davis
Lt. Col. Thomas Davis
1st Maj. Richard Quince, Jr.
2nd Maj. Parker Quince

Known Lt. Colonels:

Known Majors: 

Known Adjutants:

Lt. Col. Thomas Davis
Lt. Col. William Lord
Lt. Col. Lewis Dupree
Lt. Col. Jacob Leonard

1st Maj. Richard Quince, Jr.
2nd Maj. Parker Quince
Maj. John Rogers
Maj. Thomas Russ
Maj. Lewis Dupree
Maj. John Cain
Maj. Edward Wingate
Maj. Samuel Leonard

None Kown

Known Captains:

Francis Alston

Thomas Callendar

Edward Conner

Robert Daniel

Thomas DeVane, Jr.

Lewis Dupree

Robert Ellis

Charles Gause

Jacob Leonard

William Mooney

Alfred Moore

Thomas Russ

Thomas Sessions

Isaac Simmons

James Simmons

-

Edward Wingate

-

Known Privates / Fifers / Drummers, etc. - Captain Unknown:

-

James Holden

-

Brief History of the Regiment:

On February 11, 1775, John Harvey issued a notice for the people to once again elect new representatives for another Provincial Congress - the the second - planned to be held on April 3rd. Royal Governor Josiah Martin refused to let this continue - on March 1st, he informed his Executive Council that he considered such proceedings as "highly derogatory to the dignitary of the Legislature, which had been appointed to meet on the same day, and in every light illegal, and inconsistent with good order and government." His Executive Council advised his Excellency to issue a proclamation forbidding such illegal meetings, and he did just that.

Not only was his proclamation ignored, but in March of 1775, both Brunswick and New Hanover counties mustered their respective Militias, once again earning their leaders - Col. Robert Howe and Col. John Ashe - the contempt of Royal Governor Josiah Martin. More than five hundred men assembled, however, most were without arms - a situation that might serve as an omen for things to come.

On May 31st, Royal Gov. Josiah Martin abruptly fled New Bern and went directly to Fort Johnston at the mouth of the Cape Fear River. By July 15th, he was aboard the HMS Cruizer anchored just offshore and out of small arm's reach.

On the night of July 18th, Col. Robert Howe and his Brunswick County Regiment of Militia, along with Col. John Ashe and Cornelius Harnett of Wilmington, marched into the abandoned fort and burned it in full view of Royal Governor Josiah Martin aboard the HMS Cruizer. Five hundred men were observed inspecting the fort the next day, but the Patriots could not get to the guns along the shore since they were within range of the Cruizer's guns. Col. Robert Howe and his men remained at the fort for a short time but did not rebuild it.

On September 9, 1775, the Provincial Congress officially authorized thirty-five (35) existing county Militias to be organized. All officers were appointed and commissioned by the Provincial Congress. Col. Robert Howe was given command of the newly-created 2nd NC Regiment - Provinical Troops that were soon added to the Continental Line. He was later promoted to Brigadier General then Major General, the highest ranking North Carolina soldier of the American Revoltion.

The Brunswick County Regiment was active until the end of the war. Units of this regiment were known to have participated in the following known battles/skirmishes:

Date(s):

Known Battles / Skirmishes:

7/18/1775

Fort Johnston #1

11/16-11/21/1775

Fort Johnston #2

2/10/1776

Cape Fear River

2/27/1776

Moore's Creek Bridge

3/8-3/12/1776

Fort Johnston #4

4/6/1776

Brunswick Town #1

5/1-5/3/1776

Fort Johnston #5

5/17/1776

Brunswick Town #2

5/23/1776

Fort Johnston #6

 8/16/1780

Camden (SC)

1/30/1781

Heron's Bridge

2/1781

Bacon's Inlet

9/1781

Hood's Creek

9/1781

Brown Marsh


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