The American Revolution in North Carolina

Cross Creek

March 20, 1776


Patriot Cdr:

Col. William Graham
Loyalist Cdr:

Capt. Thomas Reid
Killed:

0
Killed:

0
Wounded:

0
Wounded:

0
Captured:

Unk
Captured:

0
Original County: 

Cumberland County
Present County:

Cumberland County

aka Cochrane's Mill.

Unaware of what had transpired at Moore's Creek Bridge, Capt. Thomas Reid gathered over one hundred Loyalist militiamen and marched to join Brigadier General Donald McDonald's army at Cross Creek. When he and his men approached the town they received word about the Loyalist's defeat almost a month earlier.

Capt. Reid along with Capt. Walter Cunningham resolved to go on with fourteen men and offer any assistance they could. When they entered Cross Creek they were informed that Patriots now occupied Cochrane's Mill, with a superior force. These Patriots - the Tryon County Regiment of Militia under the command of Col. William Graham - were returning home from the battle at Moore's Creek Bridge and had taken up lodging at the mill. They were exhausted and incorrectly thought that there were no active Loyalists left in the area, so they posted no guards.

In a bold move, Capt. Thomas Reid marched up to the door of the mill and demanded their surrender, making the Patriots think that he had a larger force. The Patriots surrendered without resistance. After disarming them, Capt. Reid immediately let them go and then he continued on towards the coast, where he and his men boarded a sloop of war.

Known Patriot Participants

Known British/Loyalist Participants
Tryon County Regiment of Militia, led by Col. William Graham, with unknown number of men
-
Cumberland County Loyalist Militia, led by Capt. Thomas Reid, with Capt. Walter Cunningham, and fourteen men


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