The American Revolution in North Carolina

Deep River

May 9, 1781


Patriot Cdr:

Capt. John Hinds
Loyalist Cdr:

Capt. David Fanning
Killed:

1
Killed:

2
Wounded:

Unk
Wounded:

Unk
Captured:

0
Captured:

0
Original County: 

Randolph County
Present County:

Randolph County

As the British marched on to Wilmington, noted Loyalist Capt. David Fanning returned to the Deep River settlements. His route placed him directly in the path of Major General Nathanael Greene's army marching towards South Carolina. Major General Greene sent out foragers on his flanks, and these men treated all Loyalists and their sympathizers quite harshly.

Fanning later wrote that he and his men captured eighteen of these foragers.

His raids redirected the attention of the Patriots in the area and when they left their districts unprotected while in search of Fanning, other Loyalists sprang into action in Bladen and Cumberland counties.

In early May, Capt. David Fanning and eight men were camped at a friend's house on Deep River. Capt. John Hinds of the local Patriot militia learned of this and they rode hard with eleven men to surprise Fanning and pin him down in the house. As Capt. Hinds moved closer to the house, Fanning and his men burst out, firing as they ran. They rushed past the Patriots, killed one, and fled into the nearby woods. The Loyalists were able to capture several horses and weapons.

Capt. Hinds captured two of Fanning's men and promptly executed them. Fanning would remember the murder of his men by Capt. Hinds.

Known Patriot Participants

Known British/Loyalist Participants
Randolph County Regiment of Militia detachment of one (1) known company, led by:
- Capt. John Hinds, with 11 men

Capt. David Fanning, with 8 men

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