The American Revolution in North Carolina

Grant's Creek

February 4, 1781


Patriot Cdr:

Col. Francis Locke
British Cdr:

Lt. Col. Banastre Tarleton
Killed:

Unk
Killed:

Unk
Wounded:

Unk
Wounded:

Unk
Captured:

Unk
Captured:

Unk
Original County: 

Rowan County
Present County:

Rowan County

aka Second Creek. One source claims this skirmish happened on February 5th.


Since Brigadier General Daniel Morgan and his army were defending Trading Ford quite ably, Lt. General Charles, Lord Cornwallis was not able to quickly cross the Yadkin River at this location. So, he dispatched Lt. Col. Banastre Tarleton upriver to reconnoiter other potential crossing sites.

At Grant's Creek, Col. Francis Locke's militia had been destroying the bridge when Lt. Col. Tarleton and his Legion arrived. The Patriots held up Lt. Col. Tarleton's dragoons for over three hours, until his mounted troops were finally able to cross the river and circle around the rear of the militia. Col. Locke's militia fled, pursued by the British Legion.

Lord Cornwallis finally crossed the Yadkin River and proceeded into the Moravian town of Salem, a hamlet of about twenty homes and one house of worship, all fairly neutral to the Crown. At the rear of his column were the camp followers who looted the village. Far behind them came a band of Patriot guerrillas who stripped the town clean of what was left, including the clothes of the inhabitants.

Major General Nathanael Greene's army rendezvoused with Brigadier General Isaac Huger's men at Guilford Court House, after being separated for two months. Major General Greene now had over 2,000 men, making his force nearly equal to that of Lt. General Charles, Lord Cornwallis. He called all his commanders together for a council of war. They discussed the possibility of a stand, and how to defend the ground around the court house.

His officers opposed fighting at this time since the men were lacking the basic necessities such as clothing and shoes. The only tents they had were used to cover the ammunition. Major General Greene agreed that the army should contininue into Virginia, where they could be resupplied. The next day, they were marching to the Dan River once again.

Known Patriot Participants

Known British/Loyalist Participants

Col. Francis Locke - Commanding Officer

Unknown number of men

Lt. Col. Banastre Tarleton - British Legion, with unknown number of men
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