The American Revolution in North Carolina

Richmond Town

October 3, 1780


Patriot Cdr:

Sheriff Hedgspeth
Loyalist Cdr:

Col. Gideon Wright
Killed:

1
Killed:

0
Wounded:

Unk
Wounded:

Unk
Captured:

Unk
Captured:

0
Original County: 

Surry County
Present County:

Forsyth County

Surry County, North Carolina was established in 1771, but its county seat was not established with a working court house until 1779 - Richmond. In 1777, Wilkes County was carved out of Surry County. In 1789, Stokes County was carved out of Surry County. In 1849, Forsyth County was carved out of Stokes County. Finally, in 1850, Yadkin County was carved out of Stokes County. By now, the town of Richmond would be in Forsyth County, but it no longer exists.


Much of the North Carolina militia gathered at Quaker Meadows in central Burke County on October 2nd to oppose Major Patrick Ferguson's expedition into the western sections of both Carolinas. The "mountain men" from Virginia and western North Carolina joined them, and they all marched to find Major Ferguson, who had last been seen at Gilbert Town in Rutherford County.

While the many Patriots were gathering in Burke County in preparation to stop Major Patrick Ferguson, Gideon and Hezekiah Wright raised a large group of Loyalists within Surry County. On October 3rd, Loyalists under Col. Gideon Wright attacked the Surry County Court House in Richmond Town, the recent county seat. They killed the sheriff (Mr. Hedgspeth) of Surry County and took several prisoners. The Loyalists also raided the home of Capt. William Shepherd because he had ridden off to fight Major Ferguson.

Known Patriot Participants

Known British/Loyalist Participants
Sheriff Hedgspeth Col. Gideon Wright, with unknown number of Loyalists


© 2009 - J.D. Lewis - PO Box 1188 - Little River, SC 29566 - All Rights Reserved