The American Revolution in North Carolina

Richmond Town

October 8, 1780


Patriot Cdr:

Col. Joseph Williams
Loyalist Cdr:

Col. Gideon Wright
Killed:

0
Killed:

0
Wounded:

1
Wounded:

0
Captured:

Several
Captured:

0
Original County: 

Surry County
Present County:

Forsyth County

Five days after the first attack on Richmond, the Loyalist militia in Surry County under Col. Gideon Wright and his brother Hezekiah Wright had increased to approximately 300 men. The local Patriots were mostly still absent - by now they had located Major Patrick Ferguson and had defeated him yesterday at Kings Mountain.

The Surry County Wright brothers lost no time in taking advantage of their situation and they attacked Richmond once again. Capt. John Crouse was wounded as he stood guard, while the few Patriot militiamen in the area fled into the countryside.

Afterwards, Col. Gideon Wright moved his forces to the Moravian town of Bethabara.


In his 1833 pension application, Charles Davis (S6785) asserted:

".... and at Richmond then Surry Court House met with about two or 300 Tories who defeated our troops in a skirmish at that place, where they took Capt. Wooldridge wounded & took Capt. John Crouse & several others prisoners of our men...."


In his 1833 pension application, William Merritt (S2821) asserted:

"...entered the Service as a Volunteer horseman & found his own horse under the Command of Capt. Thomas Evans in Surry County aforesaid and march'd from Capt. Bynum's in said County as a Ranger to Scourge the Tories that were pestering some sections of the County in the mountains and tributary waters of the Yadkin River and Served in Service as Ranging through Surry & Rowan Counties one expedition after another whenever call'd on until he Served five months and two weeks, during this Service he was in one small skirmish at Surry Court House called Richmond when he rec'd a ball through his hat & one through his shot bag & horns. Colo. Jo Williams & Colo. Lanier were the field officers. Capt. Halbert, Capt. Wooldridge, Capt. Crouse & Capt. Scott commanded as Captains & were compelled to retreat from the Tories." [slightly edited]

Known Patriot Participants

Known British/Loyalist Participants
Surry County Regiment of Militia detachment led by Colonel Joseph Williams and Lt. Col. Robert Lanier, with the following five (5) known compaines, led by:
- Capt. John Crouse (POW)
- Capt. Thomas Evans
- Capt. John Halbert
- Capt. Arthur Scott
- Capt. Gibson Woodlridge (wounded)

Col. Gideon Wright, with ~300 Loyalists

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