The Royal Colony of North Carolina

12th House of Burgesses - 1746/47-1752

The 12th House of Burgesses during the Royal Period met in eleven (11) sessions. The first session met from February 25th to March 7th in 1746/47. The second session met from October 2nd to October 9th in 1747. The third session met from March 18th to April 6th in 1748. All three of these met in New Bern.

Records for the fourth and fifth sessions have not been found. It appears that these sessions were held in Wilmington.

The sixth session met from March 30th to April 14th in 1749. The seventh session met from October 2nd to October 18th in 1749. The eighth session met from March 28th to April 9th in 1750. The ninth session met from July 5th to July 10th in 1750. The tenth session met from September 26th to October 12th in 1751. The eleventh session met from April 2nd to April 15th in 1752. These sessions were held in New Bern.

This is also considered to be the 8th House of Burgesses under Royal Governor Gabriel Johnston.


Anson County and Duplin County were established in 1750. They began sending delegates to the tenth session of this House of Burgesses (September 26, 1751).
Governor Gabriel Johnston died on July 17, 1752.
On September 14, 1752, England and America converted from the Julian Calendar to the Gregorian Calendar. The Julian date of Wednesday, September 2nd was followed by the Gregorian date of Thursday, September 14th. Henceforth, the New Year started on January 1st instead of March 25th.

Election District

Delegate

Anson County
(created in 1750)

Caleb Howell (1)

Charles Robinson (1)

Beaufort County

John Barrow

Benjamin Peyton (2) / Wyriot Ormond (3)

Bertie County**

**

**

**

Bladen County

William Bartram

Joseph Clark

Carteret County

Thomas Lovick

William Borden (4) / Joseph Bell (5)

Chowan County**

**

**

**

**

**

Craven County

James Macilwean

Francis Stringer

Currituck County**

**

**

**

**

**

Duplin County
(created in 1750)

Francis Brice (6)

William Houston (6)

Edgecombe County

John Haywood (7)

Joseph Howell (7) / Thomas Kerney (8)

Granville County

William Eaton

Edward Jones (9)

Hyde County

James Caleb

Samuel Sinclaire

Johnston County

John Herring

John Smith

New Hanover County

Rufus Marsden

John Swann (10) / John Ashe (10)

Northampton County

John Dawson

James Washington

Onslow County

John Starkey

Samuel Swann*

Pasquotank County**

**

**

**

**

**

Perquimans County**

**

**

**

**

**

Tyrrell County**

Stephen Lee (11)

William MacKay (12)

**

**

**

Town of Bath

Michael Coutanch (13)

Town of Edenton

Samuel Stillwell (14)

Town of New Bern

John Carruthers (15) / Jeremiah Vail (16)

Town of Wilmington

Lewis Henry De Rosset
* Samuel Swann was elected Speaker of the House. William Herritage was appointed Clerk.

** Delegates were refused their seats in this General Assembly.

Governor Gabriel Johnston ordered that all counties would now be limited to just two delegates and issued a Writ of Election directing all sheriffs to do this. Those northern counties affected by this (Bertie, Chowan, Currituck, Pasquotank, Perquimans, and Tyrrell) refused to recognize the authority of this change and decided to send five delegates. But, these were not allowed by the House of Burgesses, now in the control of the southern counties. Both factions appealed to the Crown, and while this appeal was pending, none of the northern delegates were seated. The Crown eventually ruled in favor of the northern counties and their five delegates appeared in the General Assembly held in New Bern on December 12, 1754.

(1) Caleb Howell and Charles Robinson took their seat at the beginning of the tenth session (September 26, 1751)
(2) Benjamin Peyton died while in office during this assembly.
(3) Wyriot Ormond was elected to replace Benjamin Peyton, and he took his seat at the beginning of the seventh session (October 2, 1749).
(4) William Borden was a Quaker and refused to take the oath of office, and the Executive Council did not accept his affirmation. Therefore, his seat was declared vacant and a new election was ordered.
(5) Joseph Bell was elected to replace William Borden, and he took his seat at the beginning of the second session (October 2, 1747).
(6) Francis Brice and William Houston took their seats at the beginning of the tenth session (September 26, 1751).
(7) Either John Haywood or Joseph Howell left office early and was replaced by Thomas Kerney.
(8) Thomas Kerney took his seat at the beginning of the tenth session (September 26, 1751).
(9) Edward Jones died while in office during this assembly. There is no record of anyone elected to replace him.
(10) John Swann gave up his seat in the House of Burgesses to accept a seat on the Executive Council in Sept./Oct. of 1751. John Ashe was elected to replace him.
(11) Stephen Lee was taken into custody by the Serjeant-at-Arms for refusal to qualify, sit, and vote.
(12) William MacKay was taken into custody by the Serjeant-at-Arms for refusal to qualify, sit, and vote.
(13) Michael Coutanch was taken into custody by the Serjeant-at-Arms for refusal to qualify, sit, and vote.
(14) Samuel Stillwell was taken into custody by the Serjeant-at-Arms for refusal to qualify, sit, and vote.
(15) John Carruthers died while in office during this assembly. Jeremiah Vail was elected to replace him.
(16) Jeremiah Vail vacated his seat in the House of Burgesses to accept a seat on the Executive Council [note, this Author has found no other proof that Vail was on the Executive Council. This info came from the 1913 NC Manual, page 356].
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