The Royal Colony of North Carolina

21st House of Burgesses - 1766-1768

The 21st House of Burgesses during the Royal Period met in New Bern in three sessions. The first session met from November 3rd to December 2nd in 1766. The second session met from December 5, 1767 to January 16, 1768. The third session met from November 7th to December 5th in 1768.

This is also considered to the be the 1st House of Burgesses under Royal Governor William Tryon.


On February 26, 1766, Governor William Tryon and his Executive Council agreed to prorogue the General Assembly until April 22nd, then extended it to October 30, 1766, in hopes of getting instructions from London on recent affairs about the Stamp Act.

On June 28, 1766, Governor William Tryon presented the recent repeal of several resolutions, including the repeal of the Stamp Act. He then issued a proclamation telling all citizens of its repeal, and advising everyone to get back to business as usual.

On November 8, 1766, Governor William Tryon read aloud an address of the House of Burgesses in response to his recent speech therein. He and the Executive Council did not approve and asserted that all changes therein were without merit.

On November 14, 1766, Governor William Tryon informed the Executive Council that the General Assembly intended to pass a resolution to erect a "public edifice" in New Bern for the governor. [Tryon Palace]

On December 1, 1766, Governor William Tryon and his Executive Council prorogued the General Assembly until June 8, 1767.

On April 15, 1767, Governor William Tryon and his Executive Council agreed that the currently-prorogued General Assembly had no promising business, so they prorogued it even longer - until December 2nd in New Bern. As shown above, it met on December 5, 1767.

On January 13, 1768, Governor William Tryon presented the Crown's approval of one (1) Act, and their repeal of three (3) Acts.

On April 29, 1768, Governor William Tryon and his Executive Council agreed to prorogue the General Assembly until June 15, 1768.

On May 17, 1768, Governor William Tryon and his Executive Council further prorogued the General Assembly until January 12, 1769. As shown above, it actually reconvened early, on November 7, 1768.

On December 5, 1768, Governor William Tryon and his Executive Council agreed to prorogue the General Assembly until June 1, 1769.

On May 6, 1769, Governor William Tryon and his Executive Council agreed to dissolve the General Assembly and issued a new Writ of Elections for the next General Assembly to meet on October 19th in New Bern. It did not reconvene until October 23, 1769 as shown in the next House of Burgesses.


The Town of Campbellton and the Town of Salisbury were each authorized to send a delegate starting at this House of Burgesses.
Tryon County was established in 1768, but they did not send their first delegates until the next assembly in 1769.

Election District

Delegate

Anson County

Charles Robinson

Unknown / Vacant

Beaufort County

John Barrow

Thomas Respess

Bertie County

William Gray

Robert Lennox (1)

Cullen Pollock

Bladen County

William Bartram

Hugh Waddell

Brunswick County

Robert Howe

John Paine (2) / John Grange (2)

Bute County

Benjamin Person

Benjamin Ward

Carteret County

Richard Cogdell (3)

William Cole

Chowan County

James Blount

James Bond

Samuel Johnston

Timothy Walton

Unknown / Vacant

Craven County

Jacob Blount

Thomas Clifford Howe

Cumberland County

Farquard Campbell

Walter Gibson (4)

Currituck County

Joshua Campbell

Kader Merchant (5)

Henry White

Stephen Williams (6)

John Woodhouse

Dobbs County

Richard Caswell

Abraham Sheppard

Duplin County

Felix Kenan

Joseph Williams

Edgecombe County

William Haywood

Duncan Lemon

Granville County

Samuel Benton

Robert Harris

Halifax County

John Bradford

William Branch

Hertford County

Matthias Brickell

Benjamin Wynns

Hyde County

John Smith

William Webster

Johnston County

Needham Bryan

Benjamin Hardy (7)

Mecklenburg County

Martin Phifer

Thomas Polk

New Hanover County

John Ashe

James Moore

Northampton County

Henry Dawson

Robert Jones (8) / Edmond Smithwick (8)

Onslow County

William Cray

Richard Ward

Orange County

Edmund Fanning

Thomas Lloyd

Pasquotank County

Joseph Jones

Benjamin Palmer (9)

John Sawyer

Samuel Swann, Jr.

Thomas Taylor, Jr.

Perquimans County

Charles Blount

Benjamin Harvey

John Harvey*

Andrew Knox

John Skinner

Pitt County

John Simpson

John Spier

Rowan County

John Frohock

Griffith Rutherford

Tyrrell County

Benjamin Blount

Jasper Charlton

Stephen Lee

Francis Ward

Unknown / Vacant

Town of Bath

Patrick Gordon (10) / Peter Blinn (10)

Town of Brunswick

Maurice Moore

Town of Campbellton 

Richard Groves (11) / John Walsh (11)

Town of Edenton

Joseph Hewes

Town of Halifax

Joseph Montfort (12)

Town of New Bern

Alexander Elmsley

Town of Salisbury

John Mitchell

Town of Wilmington

Cornelius Harnett
* John Harvey was elected Speaker of the House. William Herritage was appointed Clerk.
(1) Robert Lennox took his seat at the beginning of the third session (November 7, 1768).
(2) John Paine died while in office during this assembly. John Grange was elected to replace him.
(3) Richard Cogdell resigned his seat in the House to accept another office. His seat remained vacant.
(4) Walter Gibson took his seat at the beginning of the second session (December 5, 1767).
(5) Kader Merchant took his seat at the beginning of the third session (November 7, 1768).
(6) Stephen Williams died while in office during this assembly. His seat remained vacant.
(7) Benjamin Hardy took his seat at the beginning of the second session (December 5, 1767).
(8) Robert Jones died before taking office. Edmond Smithwick was elected to replace him.
(9) Benjamin Palmer died while in office during this assembly. His seat remained vacant.
(10) Patrick Gordon's election was contested and a new election was ordered. Peter Blinn won in that special election and he was seated as the representative of the Town of Bath for this assembly.
(11) Richard Groves died before taking office. John Walsh was elected to replace him, and he took his seat at the beginning of the second session (December 5, 1767).
(12) Joseph Montfort took his seat at the beginning of the second session (December 5, 1767).
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