A History of Columbia, North Carolina

Columbia, North Carolina - c.1920

Located in northeastern North Carolina on the Albemarle-Pamlico peninsula, Columbia is on the eastern shore of the Scuppernong River. The Indians called the area "the place of the sweet bay tree."

Originally known as Elizabeth Town, Columbia was chartered by the North Carolina General Assembly in 1793. Tyrrell County was established in 1729 as a precinct of Albemarle County. In 1799, six years after Elizabeth Town was chartered, it was selected as the seat of Tyrell County.

The name of the town was changed to Columbia in 1801, to avoid confusion with another Elizabethtown in Bladen County, North Carolina. The 1870 Federal census suggests a population of slightly over one hundred people, who subsisted on livelihoods such as mercantile trade, milling, county administration, and maritime occupations including boat building. Columbia's population increase after the American Civil War was largely the result of the expansion of the local lumber industry.

Approximately 1,000 residents now call Columbia, North Carolina home.



The Brickhouse Bed & Breakfast - Columbia, North Carolina

A nice bed and breakfast has cute rooms, a tasty breakfast, and a location that allows you to relax and unwind. The Brickhouse Inn, the "crown jewel" of the Columbia Historic District, is so much more than that.

The spacious wraparound porch beckons you, welcomes you in from your travels. The parlor, with its original fireplace and piano, makes you feel immediately at home. A quick walk through the spacious dining room takes you to your private room, where you can unpack, unwind, and take a deep breath. It feels like you're home.

Owner Lee Brickhouse makes you feel like you're one of the family, and makes it his personal goal to ensure every aspect of your stay is wonderful. No detail is left unnoticed, from the soft and fluffy bath towels to the bottled water in your room, every effort has been made to make your stay wonderful and memorable. This is the place you'll talk about and want to come back to again and again.


According to the Depression Era WPA book entitled, "North Carolina - A Guide to the Old North State" within the Federal Writers Project named the American Guide Series, first published in 1939 by the University of North Carolina Press - "This section was once the home of King Blunt, a powerful Tuscarora chief who was friendly with the English. Columbia was first a trading post known as Shallops Landing. As early as 1680, Captain Thomas Miller and Colonel Joshua Tarkenton came up the Scuppernong on an exploring expedition and were so pleased with the country that they called it Heart's Delight. In 1800, the town was known as Elizabeth, but 10 years later the name was changed to Columbia to honor Christopher Columbus."
Columbia was granted a U.S. Post Office on October 26, 1819, and its first Postmaster was Mr. Baldwin W. Hallsay. It has been in continuous operation ever since inception.


© 2007 - J.D. Lewis - PO Box 1188 - Little River, SC 29566 - All Rights Reserved