North Carolina - Transportation & Travel

Turnpike Roads in North Carolina

According to the "Encyclopedia of North Carolina," as edited by William S. Powell in 2006, interest in Turnpike Roads began after the War of 1812, when "visionary state leader and jurist Archibald D. Murphey championed them as a way to link the western counties with river ports." Murphey called for a turnpike to be constructed from the north fork of the Catawba River in Burke County to the Yellow Mountain on the NC/TN state line, and he also called for another turnpike to run from Raleigh to a convenient end on the Neuse River.

The encyclopedia continues with, "The state's experiment with turnpikes began in 1818, when the General Assembly authorized the Plymouth Turnpike Company. Four years later it amended this act when it gave the company permission to dig a canal in conjunction with the turnpike, which was to link Pungo Creek in Hyde County with Plymouth in Washington County; however, the company never finished the project."

All turnpikes were toll roads, with exemptions for sheriffs and the U.S. Mail service. The State authorized corporations to construct turnpikes and to receive all tolls for the use of said roads. The State also built other roads that were not toll roads, some called state roads, and some called county roads - these were also known as public roads, built using taxpayer dollars.

In researching all of the Acts and Resolutions as published by the North Carolina General Assembly since 1777, this Author has not been able to locate the Acts & Resolutions for the years 1791 through 1816; this Author has obtained almost all Acts & Resolutions published from 1817 onward. There were no Legislative Acts passed in 1817 pertaining to Turnpike Roads. However, "The Laws of the State of North Carolina Enacted in the Year 1818," identify four (4) different Acts pertaining to Turnpike Roads, as described below. As the years went on, more and more Turnpike Roads were authorized.

As can clearly be seen in some of the comments below, the State Legislature acknowledged that Turnpike Roads began as early as 1807, with more references to 1809, 1813, and 1815 as well. So, the "experiment" began well before 1818 as the Encyclopedia of North Carolina asserts.

Date Ratified

Short Title of Legislative Act

From

To

Comments

December 23, 1818

Act to Amend an Act Passed in the Year 1815, to Incorporate a Company to make a Turnpike Road from Pungo River Hyde County, to the Town of Plymouth in Washington

Pungo River

Plymouth
Pungo River in Hyde County, Plymouth in Washington County.

December 23, 1818

Act to Amend an Act Entitled "An Act Establishing Two Turnpike Roads in the Western Part of this State."

-

-
Authorized an increase in toll rates. Date of original Act not provided.

December 23, 1818

Act Concerning the Turnpike Road in Buncombe County, Now in Possession of James Kerkendale, David McCarson, and George B. Greer.

William Murray's

Mud Creek Bridge
First authorized in 1809. Act amended in 1813.

December 23, 1818

Act to Establish a Turnpike Road from Mattamuskeet Lake to the Main Public Road on the East side of Pungo River, not More than One Mile South of Woodstock Creek in Hyde County

Mattamuskeet Lake

Pungo River
Mentions an existing Rose Bay Turnpike

December 24, 1819

Act to Amend an Act Passed in the Year One Thousand Eight Hundred and Sixteen, Entitled "An Act for Opening a Turnpike Road At Mills Gap."

-

-
Route not described in Act, but Buncombe and Rutherford Counties are named.

December 24, 1819

Act Concerning the Turnpike Road, Leading from Asheville by the Warm Springs, to the Painted Rock

Asheville

NC/TN State Line
To go through the town of Warm Springs.

December 24, 1819

Act to Authorize Nathan Horton to Surrender his Turnpike Road to the State.

-

-
Route not described in Act. See 1820 Act below.

December 24, 1820

Act to Authorize the Courts of Pleas and Quarter Sessions for Haywood County to Contract for Making a Turnpike Road from the War Ford on the Tuckasegee River to the Tennessee Line, Near the Head of the West Fork of Pigeon River.

War Ford

NC/TN State Line
In Haywood County, along the west fork of the Little Pigeon River to connect to an existing Tennessee road.

December 24, 1820

Act to Improve and Repair the Turnpike Road Lately Owned by Nathan Horton, in the County of Wilkes

Wilkesborough

NC/TN State Line
In Wilkes County.

December 26, 1821

Act to Amend an Act, Passed in the Year Eighteen Hundred and Twenty, Entitled "An Act to Improve and Repair the Turnpike Road Lately Owned by Nathan Horton, in the County of Wilkes."

-

-
See directly above for route. This Act authorizes commissioners to hire men to complete/repair the road.

December 26, 1821

Act to Authorize the Smoky Mountain Turnpike Company to Extend their Turnpike Road from the Line of Tennessee to the Mouth of Soco Creek, in Haywood County

NC/TN State Line

Soco Creek
This company was chartered in the state of Tennessee on November 18, 1821.

December 31, 1822

Ac to Amend an Act Passed in the Year One Thousand Eight Hundred and Eighteen, Entitled "An Act to Amend an Act Passed in the Year One Thousand Eight Hundred and Fifteen, to Incorporate a Company and Make a Turnpike Road from Pungo Creek, in Hyde County, to the Town of Plymouth, in Washington County."

Pungo River

Plymouth
Authorized to cut a canal in conjunction with said road.

December 31, 1822

Act to Amend an Act, Passed the last Session of this General Assembly, Entitled "An Act to Authorize the Smoky Mountain Turnpike Company to Extend their Turnpike Road from the Line of Tennessee to the Mouth of Soco Creek, in Haywood County."

NC/TN State Line

Franklin
To extend road to the town of Franklin in Haywood County.

December 31, 1822

Act to Appoint Commissioners to Assess the Damages Sustained by Individuals from the Establishment of Horton's Turnpike Road.

Wilkesborough

NC/TN State Line
-

December 31, 1823

Act to Amend an Act Passed in the Year Eighteen Hundred and Twenty Two, Entitled "An Act to Amend an Act Passed in Eighteen Hundred and Eighteen, Entitled 'An Act to Amend an Act Passed in the Year Eighteen Hundred and Fifteen, to Incorporate a Company and Make a Turnpike Road from Pungo River, in Hyde County, to the Town of Plymouth, in Washington County.'"

Pungo Rover

Plymouth
Since the canal was added, the State will reduce its monetary involvement.

December 31, 1823

Act to Authorize the Making of a Turnpike Road from Asheville, by the Warm Springs, to the Tennessee Line, and to Incorporate a Company for that Purpose.

Asheville

NC/TN State Line
See 1819 above. Repealed next year, see immediately below.

December 31, 1824

Act to Authorize the Making of a Turnpike Road from the Saluda Gap, in the County of Buncombe, by way of Smith's, Murrayville, Asheville, and the Warm Springs, to the Tennessee Line

Saluda Gap

NC/TN State Line
The Buncombe Turnpike Company. Repeals the Act of 1823, immediately above.

December 31, 1824

Act Giving the Assent of North Carolina to, and Enforcing in this State, Certain Acts of the General Assembly of the State of Tennessee, Relating to the Smoky Mountain Turnpike Company, and Authorizing a Subscription on the Part of this State to the Stock of Said Company.

NC/TN State Line

Deep Creek
Begins in Sevierville, TN. Deep Creek in Haywood County, NC.

December 31, 1824

Act to Establish and Regulate a Turnpike Road in the Counties of Rutherford and Buncombe.

David Jackson's in
Rutherford Co.

Saluda Road in
Buncombe Co.
Saluda Road near Thomas Murray's place.

December 31, 1824

Act to Amend an Act, Entitled "An Act to Improve the Turnpike Road Lately Owned by Nathan Horton," so far as Respects Commissioners and Overseers.

Wilkesborough

NC/TN State Line
Nathan Horton is now deceased.

January 4, 1826

Act to Establish and Regulate a Turnpike Road in the Counties of Rutherford and Buncombe.

David Jackson's in Rutherford Co.

Saluda Road in Buncombe Co.
Saluda Road near Thomas Murray's place.

January 12, 1827

Act to Establish and Regulate a Turnpike Road in the County of Haywood, to be Called the Tennessee River Turnpike Road.

Mouth of Tuckasegee River

NC/TN State Line
-

January 7, 1828

Act to Amend an Act, Passed in the Year Eighteen Hundred and Twenty-Four, Entitled "An Act Giving the Assent of North Carolina to, and Enforcing in this State, Certain Acts of the General Assembly of the State of Tennessee, Relating to the Smoky Mountain Turnpike Company."

NC/TN State Line

Deep Creek
Stock subscribers may pay for their shares via providing labor to help build the road.

January 7, 1828

Act to Establish and Regulate a Turnpike Road in the County of Haywood.

Jonathan's Creek

NC/TN State Line
Named the Cataloochy Turnpike Company.

January 7, 1828

Act to Establish a Turnpike Road in the County of Buncombe.

Betent Baird's Place

NC/TN State Line
-

January 7, 1828

Act to Authorize Isaac T. Avery to Establish a Turnpike Road in the County of Burke.

George Rowan's in
Burke County

NC/TN State Line
Must complete within two (2) years. Known as Avery's Turnpike.

January 10, 1829

Act to Amend an Act, Entitled "An Act to Establish and Regulate a Turnpike Road in the County of Haywood, to be Called the Tennessee River Turnpike Road," Passed A.D. 1825, Chap. 36.

Mouth of Tuckasegee River

NC/TN State Line
New commissioners named.

January 7, 1830

Act Concerning the Buncombe Turnpike Road.

Saluda Gap

NC/TN State Line
Company may elect a President.

January 7, 1830

Act to Authorize the Courts of Pleas and Quarter Sessions of Burke County to Appoint Commissioners to View and Lay Off a Turnpike Road from the Lincoln Like to Jacob Mull's Mill, Passing through the Laurel Gap of the South Mountasins, and for Other Purposes.

State Road at Lincoln County Line

Jacob Mull's Mill at the Head of Laurel Creek
-

January 4, 1831

Act to Incorporate the Williamston and Windsor Turnpike Company.

Williamston

Windsor
Williamston in Martin County. Windsor in Bertie County.

January 4, 1831

Act to Enlarge the Capital Stock of the Plymouth Turnpike Company, and for Other Purposes.

-

-
Authorized to issue another $5,000 in stock.

January 4, 1831

Act to Amend an Act, Entitled "An Act to Amend an Act to Establish and Regulate a Turnpike Road in the County of Haywood, to be Called the Tennessee River Turnpike Road," Passed A.D. One Thousand Eight Hundred and Twenty-Six, Chapter Thirty-Six.

Mouth of Tuckasegee River

NC/TN State Line
More time allowed to complete. May alter the route.

January 4, 1831

Act to Incorporate the White Oak Turnpike Company, in the County of Onslow.

Half Moon Bridge

Jones County on White Oak River
Via Onslow Court House.

January 14, 1832

Act to Aid in Making the Tennessee River Road in Macon County.

-

-
Tennessee River Turnpike Company authorized $2,000 to extend the turnpike

January 14, 1832

Act to Authorize the Making of a Turnpike Road from the Top of the Smoky Mountain, down the Oconalufty River, as far as the House of John Beek, on Said River, in Haywood County, and to Incorporate a Company for that Purpose.

Top of Smoky Mountain

House of John Beek
Along the Oconalufty River in Haywood County. Named the Oconalufty Turnpike Company.

January 9, 1833

Act to Authorize the Making of a Turnpike Road in Haywood County, and to Incorporate a Company for that Purpose.

Waynesville

NC/TN State Line
Named the Waynesville Turnpike Company.

January 9, 1833

Act to Incorproate the Williamston and Windsor Turnpike Company.

Williamston

Windsor
Williamston Landing in Martin County to Spellar's Ferry at Windsor in Bertie County.

January 9, 1833

Act to Extend the Provisions of an Act Passed in the Year One Thousand Eight Hundred and Thirty, Chapter One Hundred and Thirteen, Entitled "An Act to Amend an Act to Establish and Regulate a Turnpike Road in the County of Haywood, to be Called the Tennessee River Turnpike Road, Passed Anno Domini One Thousand Eight Hundred and Twenty-Six, Chapter Thirty Six."

Mouth of Tuckasegee River

NC/TN State Line
More time allowed for completion - until January of 1834.

January 9, 1833

Act to Authorize the Completion of the Tennessee River Road, in the County of Macon, and to Incorporate a Company for that Purpose.

Junction of Tuckasegee and Tennesse Rivers

Franklin
Named the Franklin Turnpike Company.

January 13, 1834

Act to Improve the State Road from the Bank of the Tuckasegee River, by the Way of Franklin, to the Georgia Line.

West Bank of Tuckasegee River

NC/GA State Like
Named the Cowee Turnpike Company. To go through the town of Franklin.

January 10, 1835

Act to Incorporate the Mattamuskeet Canal, and Rosebay Turnpike Company.

Mattamuskeet Lake

Lake Landing
(Court House)
The Rosebay Turnpike Company was established by Legislative Act in 1807, per Section VII of this Act.

January 10, 1835

Act Concerning the Plymouth Turnpike Company.

Pungo River

Plymouth
Authorized $5,000 more in stock and five (5) more years to complete.

January 10, 1835

Act to Incorporate the Gatesville Turnpike Company.

Gatesville

Chowan River
-

January 10, 1835

Act to Incorporate the Tuckaleicha Smoky Mountain Turnpike Company.

Joseph Welch's near the Tennessee River Turnpike

NC/TN State Line
-

January 10, 1835

Act to Amend an Act Entitled "An Act to Authorize the Completion of Tennessee River Road in the County of Macon and to Incorporate a Company for that Purpose."

Mouth of the Tuckasegee River

Shallow Ford on the Tennessee River
Road extended.

January 10, 1835

Act to Amend an Act, Entitled "An Act to Establish and Regulate a Turnpike Road in the County of Haywood, to be Called the Tennessee River Turnpike Road," Passed One Thousand Eight Hundred and Twenty-Six, Chapter Thirty-Six.

Mouth of Tuckasegee River

NC/TN State Line
Two new trustees named.

January 10, 1835

Act to Authorize the Making of a Turnpike Road in Haywood County, and to Incorporate a Company for that Purpose.

Mouth of Calawhee Creek

NC/SC State Line
Named the Tuckaseigia Turnpike Company.

January 10, 1835

Act Supplemental to an Act Passed at the Last Session, Entitled "An Act to Improve the State Road From the Bank of the Tuckasega River, by the Way of Franklin, to the Georgia Line."

Fork of Savannah Creek

NC/GA State Line
Starting point altered.

December 22, 1835

Act to Authorize a Subscription Upon the Part of the State, to the Capital Stock of the Oconalufty Turnpike Company.

Oconalufty River

Top of Smoky Mountain
State to acquire 100 shares at $20/share upon completion of turnpike.

December 22, 1835

Act Authrorizing the Making of a Turnpike Road in Haywood County, and Incorporating a Company for that Purpose.

Richland Creek

State Road at Daniel Bryson's
Named the Scott Creek Turnpike Company.

December 22, 1835

Act to Authorize David T. Sawyer, to Lay Off and Construct a Road, and for Other Purposes.

Elias Williams's Place in Camden County

Philip Northern's Place in Currituck County
Simply called David T. Sawyer's Turnpike.

December 22, 1835

Act to Authorize the Laying Out and Establishing a Turnpike Road from the South Carolina Line at Some Point Near the Block House in Rutherford County, to Cain Creek Bridge in Buncombe County.

Cain Creek Bridge in
Buncombe County

NC/SC State Line in
Rutherford County
Later named Howard Gap Turnpike Company on February 16, 1855.

December 22, 1835

Act to Incorporate the Franklin Turnpike Company, and for Other Purposes.

West Bank of
Tuckasegee River

NC/GA State Line
Cowee Turnpike Company transferred to this, the Franklin Turnpike Company.

December 22, 1835

Act to Amend an Act, Entitled "An Act to Incorporate the Mattamuskeet Canal and Rosebay Turnpike Company," Passed at the Last Session.

Mattamuskeet Lake

Lake Landing
(Court House)
Authorized 10' more land on west side of canal. To buy or condemn and pay.

December 22, 1835

Act to Repeal, in Part, the Thirteenth Section of an Act Passed in One Thousand Eight Hundred and Twenty-Four, Authorizing the Making of a Turnpike Road in the County of Buncombe.

Saluda Gap

NC/TN State Line
Changes how long each person has to work on said road per year.

December 22, 1835

Act to Amend an Act Passed in Eighteen Hundred and Twenty-Nine, Chapter Fifty-Seven, Entitled "An Act to Authorize the Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions of Burke County, to Appoint Commissioners to View and Lay Off a Turnpike Road from the Lincoln Line, to Jacob Mull's Mills, Passing Through the Laurel Gap to the South Mountains, and for Other Purposes."

State Road at Lincoln County Line

Jacob Mull's Mill at the Head of Laurel Creek
Toll prices authorized to be increased.

January 4, 1837

Act to Amend an Act, Entitled "An Act to Incorporate the Franklin Turnpike Company, and for Other Purposes," Passed in the Year One Thousand Eight Hundred and Thirty-Five.

West Bank of
Tuckasegee River

NC/GA State Line
Road extended in length.

January 7, 1839

Act to Authorize the Laying Off and Establishing a Turnpike Road from Cove Creek, in Rutherford County, to Joseph Garrius's, in Buncombe County.

Cove Creek in
Rutherford County

Joseph Garrius's in
Buncombe County
Named the Hickory Nut Turnpike Company.

January 8, 1839

Act to Incorporate the Hiwassee Turnpike Company.

Murphey

NC/TN State Line
-

January 8, 1839

Act Authorizing the Making of a Turnpike Road in Haywood County.

Benjamin Allison's in
Haywood County

NC/SC State Line
Named the Hamburg Turnpike Company.

January 11, 1841

Act to Authorize the Laying Off and Establishing a Turnpike Road, from Laxton Lynch's, in Rutherford County, to the Widow Sail's, in Buncombe County.

Laxton Lynch's in
Rutherford County

Widow Sail's in
Buncombe County
Also named the Hickory Nut Turnpike Company. See 1839 above.

January 11, 1841

Act to Authorize the Making of a Turnpike Road in the County of Henderson.

Buncombe Turnpike Between Green River and NC/SC State Line

Gap Creek at
NC/SC State Line
Named the Henderson Turnpike Company.

January 11, 1841

Act to Revive an Act Passed in One Thousand Eight Hundred and Thirty-Five, Authorizing David T. Sawyer to Lay Off and Construct a Road and for Other Purposes.

Elias Williams's Place in Camden County

Philip Northern's Place in Currituck County
Allowed ten (10) more years to complete said road.

January 11, 1841

Act to Amend an Act Passed at the Last Session of the General Assembly, Entitled "An Act to Authorize the Making of a Turnpike Road in Haywood County.

Benjamin Allison's in
Haywood County

NC/SC State Line
Added two (2) new commissioners. Start changed to John B. Allison's. Stock increased to $6,000. Increased toll rates.

January 12, 1841

Act to Repeal an Act, Entitled "An Act to Repeal, in part, the Thirteenth Section of an Act Passed in One Thousand Eight Hundred and Twenty-Four, Authorizing the Making of a Turnpike Road in the County of Buncombe."

Saluda Gap

NC/TN State Line
Yancey County created since original Act. Citizens of Yancey County not required to pay tolls.

January 12, 1841

Act to Incorporate the Nantahalah Turnpike Company of the Counties of Macon and Cherokee.

Nine Miles from Franklin, in Macon County

Murphey, in
Cherokee County
-

January 12, 1841

Act to Incorporate the Hembrie Turnpike Company, in the County of Cherokee.

Murphey

NC/GA State Line Near Amos Curtis's
-

January 12, 1841

Act to Authorize the Making of a Turnpike Road from Gatesville, to the Chowan River and to Incorporate a Company for that Purpose.

Gatesville

High Land in
Hertford County
Named the Gatesville Turnpike Road Company. To cross the Chowan River, and may construct a ferry for this crossing.

December 24, 1842

Act to Amend an Act, Passed by the General Assembly at the Session of 1838-39, Chapter18th, Entitled "An Act to Incorporate the Hiwassee Turnpike Company."

Murphey

NC/TN State Line
Changed the toll rates to be collected.

January 23, 1843

Act to Amend an Act, Passed at the Last Session of the General Assembly, Entitled "An Act to Authorize the Making of a Turnpike Road from Gatesville to the Chowan River, and to Incorporate a Company for that Purpose."

Gatesville

Near the Home of
Francis Evans in
Hertford County
Changed the ending point.

January 26, 1843

Act to Incorporate the Nantahalah Turnpike Company, in the Counties of Macon and Cherokee.

Nine Miles from Franklin, in Macon County

Murphey, in
Cherokee County
The second time this company is chartered. See 1841 above.

January 7, 1845

Act Relating to the Buncombe Tunpike Road, in Buncome and Henderson Counties.

Saluda Gap

NC/TN State Line
New fines for those who do not work on said road.

January 8, 1845

Act to Provide for Making a Survey from Raleigh and Fayetteville, West, to the Georgia Line.

-

-
Survey to determine a good route for a Turnpike Road from Raleigh to the Buncombe Turnpike, then to the GA State Line in Cherokee County. A separate survey from Fayetteville to Yadkin River.

January 8, 1845

Act to Amend an Act, Passed in the Year 1843, Entitled "An Act to Incorporate the Nantahalah Turnpike Company, in the Counties of Macon and Cherokee."

Nine Miles from Franklin, in Macon County

Murphey, in
Cherokee County
Reduced the capital stock from $6,000 to $3,000.

January 8, 1845

Act to Authorize the Making of a Turnpike Road in Wilkes County, and to Incorporate a Company for that Purpose.

Yadkin River in
Wilkes County

NC/TN State Line in
Ashe County
Named the Yadkin Turnpike Company.

January 8, 1845

Act to to Revive and Continue in Force an Act, Passed in the Year 1841, Entitled "An Act to Authorize the Laying Off and Establishing a Turnpike Road from Laxton Lynch's, in Rutherford County, to the Widow Sail's, in Buncombe County."

John W. Harris's in
Rutherford County

James Thom's in
Buncombe County
Start and end points changed. Given two (2) more years to complete. Two (2) new commissioners replaced two (2) old ones.

January 9, 1845

Act to Amend an Act, Entitled "An Act to Authorize the Laying Out and Establishing a Turnpike Road from the South Carolina Line, at Some Point Near the Block House, in Rutherford County, to Cain Creek Bridge, in Buncombe County."

Cain Creek Bridge in
Buncombe County

NC/SC State Line in
Rutherford County
Act to fill vacancies in board of commissioners.

January 9, 1845

Act to Establish and Regulate a Turnpike Road in the County of Macon, to be Called the Tennessee River Turnpike Road.

Mouth of Tuckasegee River

NC/TN State Line at Poindexter Gap
-

January 16, 1847

Act to Make a Road from Plymouth, in Washington County, to Pungo River, in Beaufort County, and to Bring into Market the Swamp Lands of the State.

Plymouth

Pungo River
Turnpike Road to be built and owned by the Literary Fund.

January 18, 1847

Act to Incorporate the Orapeake Canal and Turnpike Company.

White Oak Springs Marsh in Gates County

Dismal Swamp &
Bennett's Creek
Turnpike to parallel the canal.

January 18, 1847

Act to Amend the 3rd Section of an Act Entitled "An Act to Establish and Regulate a Turnpike Road in the County of Macon, to be Called the Tennessee River Turnpike Road," Passed at the Session of 1844-45.

Mouth of Tuckasegee River

NC/TN State Line at Poindexter Gap
Added tolls for cattle, hogs, and sheep.

January 18, 1847

Act to Incorporate the Jonathan's Creek and Tennessee Mountain Turnpike Company, in the County of Haywood.

Waynesville, in
Haywood County

NC/TN State Line
Act repealed on March 12, 1883. See below.

January 18, 1847

Act to Authorize Laying Off and Establishing a Turnpike Road from the Head of Carter's and Spencer's Canal, near Mattamuskeet Lake, in Hyde County, to Columbia, in Tyrrell County.

Head of Carter's and Spencer's Canal, Hyde County

Columbia, in
Tyrrell County
-

January 18, 1847

Act to Revive the Hiwassee Turnpike Company, and to Extend the Charter of the Same.

Murphey

NC/TN State Line
See 1839 above. More time given to complete said road.

January 18, 1847

Act to Authorize the Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions for the County of Hyde, to Lay a Tax for the Purpose of Purchasing the Mattamuskeet and Rose Bay Turnpike and the Turnpike from Rose Bay to Swan Quarter.

Mattamuskeet Lake

Swan Quarter
Turnpikes to be made into public roads with no tolls.

January 18, 1847

Act to Charter a Turnpike Road from Morganton, in the County of Burke, to the Forks of the Road Near the 17 Mile Post on the Road Leading to Yorkville, South Carolina.

Morganton

17 Mile Post of Road Leading to Yorkville, South Carolina
Named the Laurel Turnpike Company.

January 18, 1847

Act to Incorporate the Caldwell and Ashe Turnpike Company.

Caldwell County

NC/TN State Line
To go by Blowing Rock.

January 27, 1849

Act to Provide for a Turnpike Road from Salisbury, West, to the Line of the State of Georgia.

Salisbury

NC/GA State Line
To Cherokee County, then NC/GA State Line.

January 27, 1849

Act to Authorize William R. Abbott to Cut a Canal and Make a Road Thereon.

-

-
Canal and turnpike road in Camden County. Route to be determined.

January 27, 1849

Act to Revive and Amend an Act, Entitled "An Act to Incorporate the Orapeake Canal and Turnpike Company," Passed by the General Assembly, at its Session of 1846-47.

White Oak Springs Marsh in Gates County

Dismal Swamp &
Bennett's Creek
Time to complete was extended to June 1, 1851.

January 27, 1849

Act to Amend an Act to Incorporate the Hickory Nut Turnpike Company, Passed at the Session of the General Assembly 1840-1841.

Laxton Lynch's in
Rutherford County

Widow Sail's in
Buncombe County
To reinforce that certain people are required to work on said road.

January 27, 1849

Act to Incorporate the Martin and Bertie Turnpike Company.

Williamston Landing, in
Martin County

Public Road Leading from Speller's Ferry to Windsor, Bertie Co.
And to build a ferry across the Roanoke River.

January 29, 1849

Act to Incorporate the Greensboro and Mt. Airy Turnpike Company.

Greensboro

NC/VA State Line
Must go thru Mt. Airy.

January 29, 1849

Act to Establish a Turnpike Road in Yancey County.

Joy Gap at Buchner's

NC/TN State Line
Named the Laurel Turnpike Company. Second one, see 1847 above.

January 29, 1849

Act to Amend the Eighteenth Section of an Act, Entitled "An Act to Incorporate the Caldwell and Ashe Turnpike Company."

Caldwell County

NC/TN State Line
May begin collecting tolls. Also added tolls for buggies and pleasure carriages.

January 29, 1849

Act to Amend an Act, Passed at the Session of the General Assembly 1846-47, Entitled "An Act to to Authorize Laying Off and Establishing a Turnpike Road from the Head of Carter's and Spencer's Canal, near Mattamuskeet Late, in Hyde County, to Columbia, in Tyrrell County."

Head of Carter's and Spencer's Canal, Hyde County

Columbia, in
Tyrrell County
Increased stock authorized from $5,000 to $8,000. Increase time allowed to five years after stock subscribed.

January 29, 1849

Act to Incorporate the McDowell and Yancey Turnpike Company.

Marion, in
McDowell County

NC/TN State Line in
Yancey County
-

January 29, 1849

Act to Amend an Act Entitled "An Act to Incorporate Jonathan's Creek and Tennessee Mountain Turnpike Company, in the County of Haywood," Passed at the Session of 1846-47.

Waynesville, in
Haywood County

NC/TN State Line
To replace existing Commissioners, tolls to be increased, reminder that certain people are to work on said road.

January 15, 1851

Act to Amend an Act, Passed at the Session of the Legislature of 1848 and 1849, Entitled "An Act to Incorporate the McDowell and Yancey Turnpike Company."

Marion, in
McDowell County

NC/TN State Line in
Yancey County
The State and the two (2) counties will advance part of the money needed to get started. To be reimbursed first.

January 27, 1851

Act to Amend an Act, Passed at the Session of the General Assembly of 1848-49, Entitled "An Act to Incorporate the Greensboro' and Mt. Airy Turnpike Company."

Greensboro

NC/VA State Line
Changed the grade of the road.

January 28, 1851

Act to Amend an Act, Passed at the General Assembly of 1848-49, Entitled "An Act to Provide for a Turnpike Road from Salisbury, West, to the Line of the State of Georgia."

Salisbury

NC/GA State Line
Allows the laying off of the road in sections and for contractors to bid on each section.

January 28, 1851

Act to Repeal an Act Passed at the Session of 1848-49, Entitled "An Act to Amend the Charter of the Hickory Nut Turnpike Company."

Laxton Lynch's in
Rutherford County

Widow Sail's in
Buncombe County
Amended Act of 1849 repealed.

January 28, 1851

Act Concerning a Turnpike Road from Lake Pungo, to the Town of Plymouth, in Washington County.

Plymouth

Pungo River
Still not started. Literary Board to get going by July 1, 1851.

January 28, 1851

Act to Incorporate the Tuckasega and Nantahala Turnpike Company.

Nathan Dehart's in
Macon County

Top of Mountain at
Low Gap
Up the Nantahala River.

January 28, 1851

Act to Incorporate the Tuckasegee and Keowee Turnpike Company.

Western Turpike Road at Allen Fisher's Store

Keowee Turnpike at NC/SC State Line
In Haywood County.

January 28, 1851

Act to Incorporate the Rich Mountain Turnpike Company, in the County of Haywood.

Hiram McCracken's Mill on Crabtree

NC/TN State Line
Via Matthew Rodgers' on Fine Creek.

January 28, 1851

Act to Incorporate the Oconalufty and Qualla Town Turnpike Company, in the County of Haywood.

Top of Smoky Mountain on Oconalufty River

Qualla Town, in
Haywood County
Qualla Town in Jackson County later in 1851. All of turnpike in Jackson County.

January 28, 1851

Act to Amend an Act, Entitled "An Act to Incorporate the Caldwell and Ashe Turnpike Company," Passed by the General Assembly at its Session of 1846-47.

Caldwell County

NC/TN State Line
Additional $2,500 in stock authorized. Name changed to Caldwell and Watauga Turnpike Company.

January 28, 1851

Act to Amend an Act, Entitled "An Act to Incorporate the Jonathan's Creek and Tennessee Mountain Turnpike Company," Passed at the Session of 1846-47, and Which was Amended by the Act of 1849.

Waynesville, in
Haywood County

NC/TN State Line
Given ten (10) years to complete the road.

January 28, 1851

Act to Amend an Act, Passed at the Session of 1846-47, Entitled "An Act to Incorporate the Orapeake Canal and Turnpike Company."

White Oak Springs Marsh in Gates County

Dismal Swamp &
Bennett's Creek
Allowed to start charging tolls before the road is complete.

December 27, 1852

Act to Define the Duties and the Powers of Turnpike and Plank Road Companies.

-

-
Defined what property shall not be condemned, the maximum size of property condemned, all owners must provide an accurate map of their road.

December 27, 1852

Act to Amend an Act Entitled "An Act to Amend an Act Entitled 'An Act to Incorporate the McDowell and Yancey Turnpike Company.'"

Marion, in
McDowell County

NC/TN State Line in
Yancey County
Commissioners can fill vacancies in their ranks.

December 27, 1852

Act to Incorporate the Roanoke Ferry and Turnpike Company.

Rhodes' Ferry Landing in Bertie County

Main Public Road from Plymouth to Williamston
Two Acts for the same company.

December 27, 1852

Act to Amend an Act Entitled "An Act to Incorporate the Rich Mountain Turnpike Company, in the County of Haywood," Ratified 28th of January, 1852.

Hiram McCracken's Mill on Crabtree

NC/TN State Line
Authorized to change the original route.

December 27, 1852

Act to Bring into Market the Lands Pledged for the Completion of the Western Turnpike Road.

-

-
Counties of Cherokee, Macon, and Haywood. Landowners must register their property with Entry Takers.

December 27, 1852

Act to Incorporate the French Broad Turnpike Company.

NC/SC State
Line in Henderson County

Any Point on the Buncombe Turnpike
To follow the French Broad River valley.

January 9, 1855

Act to Authorize the Nantahala and Tuckasege Turnpike Company to Establish a Toll Bridge over the Tennessee River, in Macon County.

-

-
-

January 20, 1855

Act to Amend the Several Acts Chartering the Asheville and Greenville Plank Road Company.

-

-
The Buncombe Turnpike Road Company is hereby folded into this company.

February 3, 1855

Act to Amend an Act to Define the Duties and Powers of Turnpike and Plank Road Companies.

-

-
Fourteen (14) sections providing details of what these roads must include.

February 3, 1855

Act to Incorporate the Chapel Hill and Morrisville Plank Road, Tram Road and Turnpike Company.

Chapel Hill

Morrisville
May be all Plank Road, Tram Road, or Turnpike, or may be some of each in different locations.

February 10, 1855

Act to Incorporate the Little River Turnpike Company.

NC/SC State Line

French Broad River Turnpike
Henderson County, down the Little River valley to the French Broad River.

February 10, 1855

Act to Incorporate the East Fork Turnpike Company.

NC/SC State Line

French Broad River Turnpike
Start near Sassafras Gap in Henderson County, down the East Fork and French Broad Rivers.

February 14, 1855

Act to Incorporate the Pasquotank and Perquimans Plank Road and Turnpike Company.

Elizabeth City

Parksville
Appears the legislature preferred a plank road; no mention of any tolls, gates, etc.

February 14, 1855

Act to Incorporate the Rutherford and McDowell Plank Road and Turnpike Company.

Rutherfordton

Marion
Appears the legislature preferred a plank road; no mention of any tolls, gates, etc.

February 14, 1855

Act to Incorporate the Thomasville and Clemmonsville Turnpike or Plank Road Company.

Thomasville

Clemmonsville
Appears the legislature preferred a plank road; no mention of any tolls, gates, etc.

February 14, 1855

Act to Incorporate the Sulphur Springs and Paint Rock Turnpike Company, in Madison and Buncombe Counties.

Sulphur Springs

Paint Rock at NC/TN Line
Sulphur Springs in Buncombe County. To go via James Gudger's, Peter Plemmon's, and Joseph Worley's, Spring Creek, and Shutin in Madison County.

February 14, 1855

Act to Incorporate the Randolph and Thomasville Turnpike or Plank Road Company.

Thomasville

Some Point in
Randolph County
Eastern terminus to connect to either the Fayetteville and Western Plank Road or the Uwharrie Branch Plank Road.

February 15, 1855

Act Supplemental to, and Amendatory of an Act Passed at the Session of 1852-53, Entitled "An Act to Bring into Market the Lands Pledged for the Completion of the Western Turnpike Road."

-

-
Counties of Cherokee, Macon, and Haywood. Clarification of earlier Act.

February 16, 1855

Act to Amend an Act Entitled "An Act to Provide for a Turnpike Road from Salisbury West to the Line of the State of Georgia," Passed at the Session of 1848-49.

Was Salisbury,
Now Asheville

Was NC/GA Line,
Now NC/TN Line
Branch to NC/GA Line now included. Other changes included.

February 16, 1855

Act to Incorporate the Cheoih Turnpike Company in the County of Cherokee, to Construct a Turnpike Road from Some Point on Cheoih or Tennessee River throuch Cheoih Valley to a Point on the Tuckasege and Nantahala Turnpike, or to Some Point on the Western Turnpike, as the Company May Determine After Formed.

Cheoih River
or
Tennessee River

Tuckasege & Nantahala Turnpike
or
Western Turnpike
Title of the Act is the only place where the potential route is described.

February 16, 1855

Act to Incorporate the Laurel Turnpike Company.

Lincolnton

Marion
Via Morganton in Burke County.

February 16, 1855

Act to Incorporate the Indian Grave Gap Turnpike Company.

Marion

NC/TN Line at Indian Grave Gap
Via Burnsville in Yancey County, to NC/TN State Line in Yancey County at Indian Grave Gap.

February 16, 1855

Act to Amend an Act Entitled "An Act to Incorporate the Tuckasege and Keowee Turnpike Company," Passed at the Session of 1850-51.

Western Turpike Road at Allen Fisher's Store

Keowee Turnpike at NC/SC State Line
In Haywood County. Authorized to extend the turnpike from Webster to Qualla Town in Jackson County.

February 16, 1855

Act to Incorporate the Howard Gap Turnpike Company.

Cain Creek Bridge in
Buncombe County

NC/SC State Line in
Rutherford County
See December 22, 1835 above, name changed to Howard Gap Turnpike Co. Authorized to change route of road, and may link up with the Buncombe Turnpike at Hendersonville.

February 16, 1855

Act to Incorporate the Salem, Winston and Virginia Turnpike and Plank Road Company.

Salem

NC/VA State Line
Via Winston, Germantown, Danbury and near Piedmont Springs, then to VA line near Martin & Banner's Store. Most likely a plank road.

February 16, 1855

Act to Amend an Act Entitled "An Act to Incorporate the Tuckasege and Nantahala Turnpike Company," Passed at the Sesson of 1850-51.

Nathan Dehart's in
Macon County

Top of Mountain at
Low Gap
Up the Nantahala River. May extend road to Qualla Town in Jackson County and westward to join the Western Turnpike. May build two (2) toll bridges.

February 16, 1855

Act to Amend an Act Entitled "An Act to Incorporate the Oconalufta and Qualla Town Turnpike Company in the County of Jackson," Passed at the Session of 1850-51.

Top of Smoky Mountain on Oconalufta River

Qualla Town, in
Jackson County
May build a toll bridge across the Oconalufta River.

February 16, 1855

Act to Repeal the 4th Section of an Act Passed at the Session of 1850-51, Entitled "An Act to Amend an Act to Incorporate the Caldwell and Ashe Turnpike Company, Passed by the General Assembly at its Session of 1846-47, and for Other Purposes."

Caldwell County

NC/TN State Line
Part of the road to now be included in the Caldwell and Watauga Turnpike.

February 16, 1855

Act to Amend an Act Entitled "An Act to Incorporate the Jonathan's Creek and Tennessee Mountain Turnpike Company, in the County of Haywood," Passed at the Session of 1846-47.

Waynesville, in
Haywood County

NC/TN State Line
Road to now commence at or near Andrew Ferguson's, instead of seven (7) miles from Waynesville.

February 16, 1855

Act to Amend an Act Entitled "An Act to Incorporate the Indian Grave Gap Turnpike Company," Passed at this Session.

Marion

NC/TN Line at Indian Grave Gap
To embrace money already received.

December 13, 1856

Act to Amend an Act Entitled "An Act to Incorporate the Cheoih Turnpike Company," Passed at the Session of 1854-55.

Cheoih River
or
Tennessee River

Tuckasege & Nantahala Turnpike
or
Western Turnpike
Capital increased to build a bridge across the Tennessee River.

January 8, 1857

Act to Authorize the Plank Road and Turnpike Companies to Use Stone and Gravel in the Construction and Repair of their Roads.

-

-
May use stone or gravel in the construction or repair on the plan of macadamized roads.

January 8, 1857

Act to Incorporate the Macon County Turnpike Company, to Construct a Road from Franklin or Some Other Point in Tennessee Valley, to Some Point on the Tuckasege and Keowee Turnpike, or to Some Point on the Line of the State of Georgia, as a Majority of the Stockholders may Determine.

Franklin

TBD
May have capital stock up to $10,000.

January 8, 1857

Act to Amend and Consolidate the Act of 1854-55, and Previous Acts to Which it Refers, Entitled "Acts to Incorporate the Jonathan's Creek and Tennessee Mountain Turnpike Company in the County of Haywood."

Near Andrew Ferguson's

NC/TN State Line
May change the locations of both ends of said road.

January 24, 1857

Act to Amend an Act Entitled "An Act to Incorporate the Tuckasege and Keowee Turnpike Company," Passed at the Session of 1850, and an Amendment Thereto in 1854-55.

Western Turpike Road at Allen Fisher's Store

Keowee Turnpike at NC/SC State Line
May construct a branch to the Blue Ridge Rail Road. Authorized $1,500 more in capital stock.

January 24, 1857

Act to Amend an Act Entitled "An Act to Incorporate the Qualla Town and Oconolufta Turnpike Company, in the County of Jackson," Passed at the Session of 1854-55.

Top of Smoky Mountain on Oconalufta River

Qualla Town, in
Jackson County
Modified the toll rates. May change route.

January 24, 1857

Act to Amend an Act Entitled "An Act to Incorporate the Tuckasege and Nantahala Turnpike," Passed at the Session of 1850-51, and Amendment Thereto Passed at the Session of 1854-55.

Nathan Dehart's in
Macon County

Top of Mountain at
Low Gap
Authorized two (2) more years to complete the road.

February 2, 1857

Act to Amend an Act Entitled "An Act to Incorporate the Indian Grave Gap Turnpike Company," Passed at the Session of 1854-55.

Marion

NC/TN Line at Indian Grave Gap
Whenever $3,000 in stock is subscribed, the State will match that number. May select a different terminus other than Indian Grave Gap.

February 2, 1857

Act to Amend an Act Entitled "An Act to Incorporate the Cheoih Turnpike Company," Passed at the Session of 1854-55.

Cheoih River
or
Tennessee River

Tuckasege & Nantahala Turnpike
or
Western Turnpike
To extend the road from Ft. Montgomery to a point on the Western Turnpike. May alter other end as well.

February 3, 1857

Act to Amend an Act Entitled "An Act to Incorporate the Sulphur Springs and Paint Rock Turnpike Company," Passed at the Session of 1854-55.

Sulphur Springs

Paint Rock at NC/TN Line
Seven (7) new commissioners named. Citizens of Buncombe and Madison counties now will be required to pay tolls, when complete.

December 8, 1858

Act to Amend the Charter of the Little River Turnpike Company, in the County of Henderson.

NC/SC State Line

French Broad River Turnpike
Corrected width - was 70 feet wide, now 20 feet wide.

January 4, 1859

Act to Amend an Act Entitled "An Act to Authorize the Construction of a Branch to the Tuckasege and Keowee Turnpike, in the County of Jackson," Passed at the Session of 1856-57.

Western Turpike Road at Allen Fisher's Store

Keowee Turnpike at NC/SC State Line
Branch to Blue Ridge Rail Road may form a separate company.

January 4, 1859

Act to Amend and Act, Entitled "An Act to Amend an Act, Entitled 'An Act to Incorporate the Cheoih Turnpike Company," Passed at the Session of 1856-57.

Cheoih River
or
Tennessee River

Tuckasege & Nantahala Turnpike
or
Western Turnpike
To build a bridge across the Tennessee River, with new company known as Nyokee Bridge Company.

January 8, 1859

Act to Amend an Act Entitled "An Act to Amend 'An Act to Incorporate the Tuckasege and Nantahala Turnpike Company,'" Passed at the Session of 1856-57.

Nathan Dehart's in
Macon County

Top of Mountain at
Low Gap
Must complete within one year, or charter will be forfeited.

February 7, 1859

Act to Incorporate the Cherokee County Turnpike Company, in the County of Cherokee.

Murphy

NC/TN Line,
NC/GA Line
North and South out of Murphy, in the Hiwassee Valley.

February 15, 1859

Act to Amend the Acts, Entitled "An Act to Incorporate the Tuckasege and Keowee Turnpike Company," Passed at the Session of A.D., 1850-51, 1854-55, and 1856-57.

Western Turpike Road at Allen Fisher's Store

Keowee Turnpike at NC/SC State Line
Changed the grade allowed and width of road. May add a branch to Col. William Sloan's road.

February 16, 1859

Act to Amend an Act, Entitled "An Act to Incorporate the Jonathan's Creek and Tennessee Mountain Turnpike Company," Passed at the Session of 1856-57.

Waynesville

Henderson County Line
To be a separate company known as the Pigeon River Turnpike Company.

February 16, 1859

Act to Authorize Thomas T. Patton, of the County of Buncombe, to Establish a Turnpike Road in the Counties of Buncombe and Yancey.

Swannanoa River in Buncombe County

Mt. Mitchell in
Yancey County
Road to the remains of Professor Elisha Mitchell, whom, the mountain is named after. He fell to his death in 1857 from Mitchell Falls.

February 16, 1859

Act to Authorize the Making of a Turnpike Road from Morganton, in Burke County, to the Cranberry Forge, in Watauga County.

Morganton

Cranberry Forge
Via Piedmont Springs in Burke County.

February 16, 1859

Act to Amend an Act, Entitled "An Act to Incorporate the Sulphur Springs and Paint Rock Turnpike Company," in Madison and Buncombe Counties, Passed at the Session of 1854.

Sulphur Springs

Paint Rock at
NC/TN Line
Capital stock increased. Tolls may be increased.

February 16, 1859

Act to Amend an Act, Entitled "An Act to Authorize the Making of a Turnpike Road in the County of Henderson."

Asheville & Greenville Plank Road Between Green River and NC/SC State Line

Gap Creek at
NC/SC State Line
Named new commissioners since the original commissioners are now dead. Starting point now to be at a point on the Asheville and Greenville Plank Road.

February 16, 1859

Act to Authorize George J. Mills, Gabriel Jackson, Sr., Littleton Gilliam and Robert Russel to Establish a Turnpike Road in the Counties of Henderson and Polk.

Fork of Mill Gap Road and Old Saluda Gap Road

George J. Mills in Polk County
Via Edneyville, Point Lookout, Col. Hamilton's on Green River, crossing the Blue Ridge at Mill Gap.

February 16, 1859

Act to Amend the Charter of the Rich Mountain Turnpike, in the County of Haywood, Passed at the Session of 1852.

Hiram McCracken's Mill on Crabtree

NC/TN State Line
Increased capital stock to $100,000. Authorized to alter the route of said road.

February 16, 1859

Act to Authorize the Making of a Turnpike Road in the Counties of Buncombe and Madison.

Asheville

NC/TN State Line
Via Burnsville in Yancey County and crossing Walnut Mountain. Named the Walnut Mountain Turnpike Company.

February 17, 1859

Act to Amend an Act, Entitled "An Act to Incorporate the Qualla Town and Oconalufta Turnpike Company," Passed at the Session of 1856-57.

Top of Smoky Mountain on Oconalufta River

Qualla Town, in
Jackson County
May extend road past Qualla Town, and may increase tolls.

February 17, 1859

Act to Incorporate the Tennessee Valley Turnpike Company.

NC/GA State Line

Mouth of Nantahala River
Via Franklin and Burningtown in Macon County.

February 17, 1859

Act to Amend an Act Entitled "An Act to Incorporate the Cheoih Turnpike Company," Passed at the Session of 1854-55.

Cheoih River
or
Tennessee River

Tuckasege & Nantahala Turnpike
or
Western Turnpike
The Tusquitta Branch may form its own company to be known as Tusquitta Turnpike Company, with its own trustees and officers.

February 17, 1859

Act to Incorporate the Black Mountain Turnpike Company.

Asheville

Highest Peak in Black Mountains
Terminus in Yancey County.

February 19, 1861

Act to Amend an Act Passed at the Session of 1850-51, Amendatory of an Act Entitled "An Act to Incorporate the McDowell and Yancey Turnpike," Passed at the Session of 1848-49.

Marion, in
McDowell County

NC/TN State Line in
Yancey County
State to provide an additional $3,000 in funding.

February 20, 1861

Act to Incorporate the Statesville and Tennessee Turnpike Company.

Statesville

NC/TN State Line
TN line near old road near Taylorsville, TN.

February 23, 1861

Act to Authorize the Construction of a Turnpike Road from Mitchell's High Peak, on the Black Mountain, to Intersect Some One of Railroads of Buncombe County.

Mount Mitchell

Public Road in Buncombe County
Named the Black Mountain Turnpike Company.

February 23, 1861

Act to Incorporate the Dover and Trenton Turnpike and Plank Road Company.

Savage's Shanty on Atlantic & NC RR

Trenton
Stockholders to decide if a toll road or a plank road.

February 25, 1861

Act to Amend an Amended Act to Incorporate the Jonathan's Creek and Tennessee Mountain Turnpike Company, Passed at the Session of 1858-59.

Waynesville

Henderson County Line
Henderson County to receive same bonds as Haywood County. Stockholders in Henderson County may decide where road goes in their county.

February 25, 1861

Act to Incorporate the Salem and Thomasville Turnpike Company.

Salem

Thomasville
To continue past Thomasville to Silver Valley, Jackson Hill in Montgomery County.

February 25, 1861

Act to Incorporate the Wilmington and Wrightsville Turnpike Company.

Wilmington

Wrightsville Sound
-

December 17, 1862

Act to Provide for the Better Management and Repair of the Western Turnpike Road, and Rebuilding and Repairing Certain Bridges on the Same.

Asheville

GA/TN State Line
Divided into two manageable sections, to be led by different groups to maintain.

January 28, 1863

Act to Incorporate the Unacoy and Hiwassee Turnpike Company, in the Counties of Cherokee and Clay.

Gap of Unacoy Mountain

NC/GA State Line
Via Murphy and Hayesville.

May 28, 1864

Act to Authorize the Buncombe Turnpike Company to Increase Their Rates of Toll.

Saluda Gap

NC/TN State Line
Authorized to double their tolls.

May 28, 1864

Act for the Better Regulation of the Western Turnpike Road.

Asheville

GA/TN State Line
Unless a local, must pay toll at all toll gates.

December 23, 1864

Act to Amend the Hickory Nut Turnpike Road.

Cove Creek in
Rutherford County

Joseph Garrius's in
Buncombe County
To extend road to James Tones in Buncombe County, and may increase tolls four-fold until the end of the current war.

February 1, 1865

Act to Amend an Act Entitled "An Act to Provide for a Turnpike Road from Salisbury West to the Line of the State of Georgia."

Salisbury

NC/GA State Line
Gives justices of Haywood County power to redirect workers of other roads to repair this one.

December 15, 1865

Act to Amend an Act Passed at the Session of 1854-55, to Incorporate the Little River Turnpike Company.

NC/SC State Line

French Broad River Turnpike
May surrender the northern portion of said road, north of Mr. C.C. Orr (deceased).

February 15, 1866

Act to Amend an Act Passed at the Session of Eighteen Hundred and Fifty, Fifty-One, and Amended at the Session of Eighteen Hundred and Fifty-Four, Fifty-Five, and Eighteen Hundred and Fifty-Eight, Fifty-Nine, Entitled "An Act to Incorporate Tuckasegee and Keowee Turnpike Company."

Western Turpike Road at Allen Fisher's Store

Keowee Turnpike at NC/SC State Line
State to subscribe to the Main Trunk Line instead of any branches until fully completed.

February 17, 1866

Act to Amend an Act Entitled "An Act to Incorporate the Macon County Turnpike Company," Passed at the Session of Eighteen Hundred and Fifty-Six and Fifty-Seven.

Franklin

TBD
State to provide subscription when private stockholders provide $500.

March 6, 1866

Act to Renew the Charter of the Hiwassee Turnpike Company.

Murphey

NC/TN State Line
Charter extended twenty (20) years.

February 26, 1867

Act to Amend an Act Entitled "An Act to Incorporate the Cheoih Turnpike Company," Passed at the Session of 1856-'57.

Cheoih River
or
Tennessee River

Tuckasege & Nantahala Turnpike
or
Western Turnpike
New commissioners named. To establish a
ferry across the Tennessee River at Nigolih, then a bridge to replace the ferry. May increase capital stock by $3,000.

February 26, 1867

Act to Repeal an Act for the Better Regulation of the Western Turnpike Road and for Other Purposes.

Asheville

GA/TN State Line
Repealed. All must pay tolls.

February 27, 1867

Act to Amend an Act to Authorize the Laying Out and Establishing a Turnpike Road from the South Carolina Line at Some Point Near the Block House, in Rutherford County, to Cain Creek Bridge, in Buncombe County, Passed at the Session of 1835, Chapter 53.

Cain Creek Bridge in
Buncombe County

NC/SC State Line in
Rutherford County
May vote to surrender the western section of said turnpike road.

March 4, 1867

Act to Enable the Buncombe Turnpike Company to Subscribe the Stock in Their Road to the Western North Carolina Rail Road.

Saluda Gap

NC/TN State Line
If WNCRR decides to build their road where the Buncombe Turnpike exists, then the turnpike can sell its assets to the WNCRR.

August 22, 1868

Act to Establish a Turnpike Road from the Town of Morganton, in Burke County, to the Tennessee Line.

Morganton

NC/TN State Line
To the terminus of the East Tennessee and Western North Carolina Rail Road at the state line. Named the Morganton and East Tennessee Turnpike Company.

February 8, 1869

Act to Establish a Turnpike Road from Marion, in the County of McDowell, to Asheville, in the County of Buncombe.

Marion

Asheville
Via Gillespie's Gap, Bakersville, Burnsville, Ivy Gap. Other branches. To be owned by the State.

March 10, 1869

Act to Amend the Charter of the Caldwell and Watauga Turnpike Company.

Caldwell County

NC/TN State Line
Between Yadkin Meeting House in Caldwell County and Widow Sull's in Watauga County.

March 11, 1869

Act to Establish a Turnpike Road from the Head of North River, Carteret County, to the Head of Adam's Creek in Craven County, North Carolina.

Head of North River

Head of Adam's Creek
To be owned by the State.

March 17, 1869

Act Relative to the Western Turnpike Road, Leading from Asheville Westward to Murphy, and Thence by Separate Routes to the Georgia and Tennessee Lines.

Asheville

NC/GA Line,
NC/TN Line
Road to be divided into lots, and taken over by the State to manage/repair.

April 6, 1869

Act to Amend an Act Relative to the Western Turnpike Road, Ratified March 17th, 1869 [directly above].

Asheville

NG/GA Line,
NC/TN Line
Replaces April with June.

April 10, 1869

Act to Amend an Act Entitled "An Act Relative to the Western Turnpike Road, Leading from Asheville Westward to Murphy, and Thence by Separate Routes to the Georgia and Tennessee Lines." [two lines above]

Asheville

NG/GA Line,
NC/TN Line
Replaces April with June (again).

April 12, 1869

Act to Abolish and Prevent the Erection of a Toll Gate on the North End of the Little River Turnpike Road, Which, by an Act Passed and Ratified the Fifteenth Day of December, Eighteen Hundred and Sixty-Five, Surrendering that Part of the Road North of C.C. Orr.

NC/SC State Line

French Broad River Turnpike
Self explanatory.

April 12, 1869

Act to Amend an Act Entitled "An Act to Incorporate the Cheoih Turnpike Company," Passed at Session of Eighteen Hundred and Fifty-Four and Eighteen Hundred and Fifty-Five, and Amended in Eighteen Hundred and Fifty-Six and Eighteen Hundred and Fifty-Seven.

Cheoih River
or
Tennessee River

Tuckasege & Nantahala Turnpike
or
Western Turnpike
May add a toll gate from the Nantahala Bridge to the Georgia Line.

April 12, 1869

Act to Authorize the Superintendent of Public Works to Select Two Laborers to Assist in Locating a Turnpike Road in Carteret County.

North River in
Carteret County

Adam's Creek in Craven County
Laborers to receive $1.50 per day.

April 12, 1869

Act to Revive and Amend the Charter of the Tuckasege and Nantahala Turnpike Company

Nathan Dehart's in
Macon County

Top of Mountain at
Low Gap
Company given an additional three (3) years to complete said road.

January 24, 1870

Act to Amend an Act Passed at the Session of One Thousand Eight Hundred and Sixty-Eight, and One Thousand Eight Hundred and Sixty-Nine, Relative to the Western Turnpike Road Leading Westward from Asheville to Murphy and Thence by Separate Routes to the Georgia and Tennessee Lines.

Asheville

NC/GA Line,
NC/TN Line
Buncombe County commissioners may locate toll gate at a point of their choosing.

March 14, 1870

Act to Incorporate the Boydton and Ridgeway Turnpike Company.

Ridgeway, NC

Boydton, VA
Seven (7) directors named.

March 14, 1870

Act to Declare the Brevard, French Broad and Jones' Gap Road a Turnpike.

Brevard

Jones' Gap on NC/SC Line
Self explanatory.

March 22, 1870

Act Amendatory of an Act Entitled "An Act Relative to the Western Turnpike Road Leading from Asheville Westward to Murphy and Thence by Separate Routes to the Georgia and Tennessee Lines."

Asheville

NC/GA Line,
NC/TN Line
Commissioners may move toll gates as they deem appropriate; only one east of Murphy.

March 24, 1870

Act to Repeal a Portion of the First Section of the Amendment to the Charter of the Little River Turnpike Company, Ratified the Fifteenth Day of December, One Thousand Eight Hundred and Sixty-Five, and Further Amend the Same.

NC/SC State Line

French Broad River Turnpike
Company to resume ownership of entire road, including what had earlier been surrendered in 1865.

March 25, 1870

Act to Exempt Citizens of Buncombe, Madison and Henderson Counties from Paying Toll at any Gate on the Buncombe Turnpike Road Within Their Own Counties.

Saluda Gap

NC/TN State Line
Citizens in their own counties to pay nothing. If they go into adjacent county, then they must pay.

December 24, 1870

Act to Authorize the Construction of a Turnpike Road from Malone and Wilson's Store, in McDowell County, to Flat Creek, in Buncombe County.

Malone & Wilson's Store

Flat Creek
Named the Swannanoa Gap Turnpike.

February 15, 1871

Act to Charter the Tennessee River Turnpike Company.

First Ford of Tuckaseegee R.

Near Rocky Point in Macon County
Repealed February 16, 1874. See below.

February 22, 1871

Act to Amend an Act Entitled "An Act Relative to the Western Turnpike Road, Leading from Asheville Westward."

Asheville

NC/GA Line,
NC/TN Line
Haywood County added.

February 25, 1871

Act to Establish the Whiteside Turnpike in Macon and Jackson.

Near Dobson's Mill

Keowee and Tuckaseegee Turnpike
To cross Cowee Mountain at the Blue Ridge.

March 16, 1871

Act to Incorporate the Hiwassee and Cheoah Turnpike Company.

Coal Pit Branch, Cherokee Co.

Mouth of Snowbird or Buffalo Creek
From the Hiwassee Turnpike Road to the Cheoh Turnpike Road.

March 16, 1871

Act to Amend the Charter of the Cheoah Turnpike Company.

West Side of the Tennessee River

NC/TN State Line
New toll prices defined.

March 17, 1871

Act to Amend Sections Nine and Ten, Chapter Eight, of an Act Relative to the Western Turnpike Road, &c., Passed Session One Thousand Eight Hundred and Sixty-Eight and One Thousand Eight Hundred and Sixty-Nine.

Asheville

NC/GA Line,
NC/TN Line
Gatekeepers allowed to keep 20% of their intake as compensation.

March 21, 1871

Act Relative to the Western Turnpike Road.

Asheville

NC/GA Line,
NC/TN Line
Some citizens not required to pay the toll.

April 1, 1871

Act to Incorporate the Warrenton and Macon Turnpike Company.

Warrenton in
Warren County

Macon Station in Warren County
Macon Station also known as Macon Depot, now known simply as Macon, in Warren County.

April 1, 1871

Act to Amend "An Act to Declare the Brevard French Broad and Jones' Gap Road a Turnpike."

Brevard

Jones' Gap on NC/SC Line
See March 14, 1870 above. Company may erect a toll gate when ten (10) miles of road completed.

April 5, 1871

Act to Amend the Charter of the Caldwell and Watauga Turnpike Company.

Caldwell County

NC/TN State Line
Those who live west of Yadkin Spring who work on the road will be exempt from paying tolls.

April 5, 1871

Act to Establish a Turnpike Road from the Town of Statesville, in the County of Iredell, to the Town of Mt. Airy, in the County of Surry.

Statesville

Mt. Airy
Through Yadkin County. May use county convicts as laborers. When complete, to be considered a public road.

April 6, 1871

Act to Incorporate the Walnut Mountain Turnpike Company.

NC/TN Line

Kelsey's Store
-

April 6, 1871

Act to Fix the Capital Stock of the Fairfield Canal and Turnpike Company.

-

-
Not less than $25,000 and not more than $100,000.

December 21, 1871

Act to Amend Chapter Twenty-Nine of the Laws of One Thousand Eight Hundred and Seventy and One Thousand Eight Hundred and Seventy-One, Entitled "An Act to Authorize the Constrution of a Turnpike Road from Malone and Wilson's Store, in McDowell County, to Flat Creek, in Buncombe County."

Malone & Wilson's Store

Flat Creek
May extend eastern terminus eastward to Crockford and Malone's first cabin in McDowell County.

January 19, 1872

Act to Establish and Lay Out a Turnpike in the Counties of Camden and Currituck.

Foot of Ox Swamp

Near John Cox's Corner
-

January 20, 1872

Act to Construct a Turnpike Road from Marion, in the County of McDowell, to Burnsville, in the County of Yancey.

Marion

Burnsville
Named the Marion and Burnsville Turnpike Company.

January 24, 1872

Act to Incorporate the Warrenton and Shocco Turnpike Company.

Warrenton

Shocco Springs
To go via Warrenton Mills.

January 24, 1872

Act to Amend an Act Entitled "An Act to Amend the Charter of the Caldwell and Watauga Turnpike Company," Ratified the Fifth Day of April, One Thousand Eight Hundred and Seventy-One.

Caldwell County

NC/TN State Line
Change "two" to "one-half."

January 25, 1872

Act to Incorporate the Murphy and Tennessee Turnpike Company.

Murphy

NC/TN State Line
TN state line near Unacoee Mountain.

January 29, 1872

Act to Incorporate the Old Fort and Toe River Turnpike Company

Old Fort in McDowell Co.

Toe River in Yancey Co.
At the three forks of the Toe River in Yancey County.

February 1, 1872

Act to Incorporate the Brevard and Waynesville Turnpike Road Company.

Brevard in
Transylvania Co.

Rock House in Haywood Co.
Rock House on the head waters of the East Fork of Pigeon River in Haywood County.

February 2, 1872

Act Amendatory of an Act Entitled "An Act to Incorporate the Hiwassee and Cheoah Turnpike Company."

Coal Pit Branch, Cherokee Co.

Mouth of Snowbird or Buffalo Creek
Authorized to construct a branch line from Snowbird Creek to the Junaluskee Farm.

February 8, 1872

Act to Re-Enact an Act Entitled "An Act to Incorporate the Orapeake Canal and Turnpike Company," Ratified the Eighteenth of January, One Thousand Eight Hundred and Forty-Seven.

White Oak Springs Marsh in Gates County

Dismal Swamp &
Bennett's Creek
New directors named.

February 8, 1872

Act to Construct and Establish a Turnpike Road from Catawba Vale, in the County of McDowell, to Fair View, in Buncombe County.

Catawba Vale

Fair View
Named the Catawba Vale and Fair View Turnpike Company.

February 10, 1872

Act to Re-Enact Chapter Two Hundred and Seventy-Eight Laws of One Thousand Eight Hundred and Sixty-Eight and One Thousand Eight Hundred and Sixty-Nine, Entitled "An Act to Revise and Amend the Charter of the Tuckasege and Nantahala Turnpike Company," Ratified Twelfth April, One Thousand Eight Hundred and Sixty-Nine.

Nathan Dehart's in
Macon County

Top of Mountain at
Low Gap
Authorized one more year to complete said turnpike.

February 20, 1873

Act to Amend an Act Entitled "An Act Relative to the Western Turnpike Road Leading from Asheville Westward."

Asheville

NC/GA Line,
NC/TN Line
Citizens of each county no longer required to pay tolls if only traveling within their own county

February 26, 1873

Act to Re-Enact an Act Entitled "An Act to Incorporate the French Broad Turnpike Company."

NC/SC State
Line in Henderson County

Any Point on the Buncombe Turnpike
Redefined width and grade requirements.

March 3, 1873

Act to Amend an Act to Establish a Turnpike Road from the Town of Statesville, in Iredell County, to Mount Airy, in Surry County, Ratified April Fifth, Eight Hundred and Seventy-One.

Statesville

Mt. Airy
Added to go "by the way of Jonesville and Elkin River bridge." Commissioners may ask for up to 50 convicts to work on road.

March 3, 1873

Act to Continue in Force an Act to Charter the Hickory Nut Turnpike, Ratified by the General Assembly of North Carolina the Eleventh of January, A.D. One Thousand Eight Hundred and Forty-One.

Laxton Lynch's in
Rutherford County

Widow Sail's in
Buncombe County
<< Original route. This Act says the current route is from J.W. Hawphy's Old Place in Rutherford, to James Tom's in Buncombe. New trustees named.

December 22, 1873

Act to Establish a Turnpike Road from the Town of Statesville, Iredell County, to the Virginia Line.

Statesville

NC/VA State Line
By way of Eupeptic Springs, to Jonesville, to Mt. Airy, to the NC/VA State Line. A Public Road.

December 22, 1873

Act to Amend Chapter Nineteen of the Laws of One Thousand Eight Hundred and Seventy-One and One Thousand Eight Hundred and Seventy-Two.

Malone & Wilson's Store

Flat Creek
To extend the Swnnanoa Gap Turnpike Road from its present termini to Old Fort in McDowell County and to Swannanoa Bridge in Buncombe County.

January 24, 1874

Act to Authorize the Township Board of Trustees in Hickory Tavern Township to Declare the Turnpike a Public Highway.

Marion

Asheville
Third division of the Marion and Asheville between Catawba toll bridge and Hickory Tavern; about three (3) miles.

February 10, 1874

Act to Establish a Turnpike Road from the Town of Winston via Yadkinville to the Town of Wilkesborugh.

Winston

Wilkesborough
County jailors to provide convicts to work on road. Considered a Public Road when completed.

February 13, 1874

Act to Prohibit the Demanding of Tolls at Sandy Bottoms, in Buncombe County.

NC/SC State Line

French Broad River Turnpike
Tolls now prohibited anywhere on the Little River Turnpike in Buncombe and Henderson counties.

February 14, 1874

Act in Favor of the Contractors on the Marion and Asheville Turnpike.

Marion

Asheville
To pay for work done, but vouchers lost.

February 16, 1874

Act to Repeal an Act to Charter the Tennessee River Turnpike Company.

First Ford of Tuckaseegee R.

Near Rocky Point in Macon County
See February 15, 1871 above. No reason given in the Legislative Act.

February 16, 1874

Act to Allow County Commissioners to Contract for Building Turnpike Roads.

-

-
McDowell, Henderson, and Transylvania counties only. To be Public Roads.

February 9, 1875

Act Authorizing the Making a Turnpike Road in the County of Haywood.

Mock's Patch at NC/TN Line

Western Turnpike in Haywood Co.
Three divisions: 1) NC/TN Line to Fines Creek; 2) Fines Creek to Crabtree Creek; 3) Crabtree Creek to Western Turnpike.

February 18, 1875

Act in Favor of the Contractors and Employees of the Marion and Asheville Turnpike.

Marion

Asheville
State to pay balance due to the owners of the turnpike road.

February 24, 1875

Act Relative to the Western Turnpike Road, in the Counties of Buncombe and Haywood.

Asheville

Murphy
Tolls abolished. This is now a public road.

February 24, 1875

Act Supplemental to an Act in Favor of the Contractors and Employees of the Marion and Asheville Turnpike, Ratifed the Eighteenth Day of February, One Thousand Eight Hundred and Seventy-Five.

Marion

Asheville
All claims to be pro rata - max to be paid out is $182.

February 25, 1875

Act to Amend Section Four, Chapter One Hundred and Sixty-Four, of the Laws of One Thousand Eight Hundred and Fifty and One Thousand Eight Hundred and Fifty-One, Entitled "An Act to Incorporate the Caldwell and Ashe Turnpike Company."

Caldwell County

NC/TN State Line
Citizens of Watauga County are NOT exempt from working on public roads.

February 26, 1875

Act to Lay Off and Establish a Free Turnpike Road in Burke and Mitchell Counties, and to Improve the Road from Morganton to Wm. Morris', on the Blue Ridge.

Upper Creek in Burke County

Linville River in Mitchell County
New turnpike considered to be a public road. 2nd part is to repair existing public road.

March 1, 1875

Act to Amend an Act Entitled "An Act to Amend the Charter of the Cheoah Turnpike Company."

-

-
Authorized to build a bridge or ferry at Rocky Point on the Tennessee River.

March 2, 1875

Act to Amend "An Act to Incorporate the Cheoah Turnpike Company," by Authorizing the Construction of a Branch Road from Valley River, in Cherokee County, to Haysville, Clay County.

McLelland Place on Valley River

Haysville, in
Clay County
From McLelland Place on Valley River, by way of Fines Creek, to Haysville in Clay County. To be named Valley River and Clay Turnpike Company

March 9, 1875

Act for the Better Protection of the Caldwell and Watauga Turnpike Company.

Caldwell County

NC/TN State Line
Company to maintain said road. Watauga County citizens may pay tolls in labor.

March 18, 1875

Act to Incorporate the Marion and Jefferson Turnpike Company.

Virginia and Tennessee RR

Jefferson in Ashe County
With branch to Ore Knob in Ashe County.

March 18, 1875

Act to Incorporate the Yadkin River Bridge and Turnpike Company.

Huntsville

Glenn's Ferry
Focus of the Act was on the bridge.

March 19, 1875

Act to Incorporate the Wilmington and Coast Turnpike Company.

Wilmington

Head of Lee Creek
With branches to various points on Masonboro Sound.

March 20, 1875

Act to Authorize the County Commissioners of Jackson County to Erect a Toll Gate on a Road Known as the Tuckasegee and Keowee Turnpike Road.

Western Turpike Road at Allen Fisher's Store

Keowee Turnpike at NC/SC State Line
County Commissioners to convey ownership to any party willing to complete said road within one year, and then maintain said road. May collect tolls.

March 22, 1875

Act to Allow the Citizens of Swain County to Pass Through the Counties of Macon and Jackson Without Paying Toll.

Asheville

NC/GA Line,
NC/TN Line
Western Turnpike in Swain County now that it was created out of Macon and Jackson counties.

December 13, 1876

Act to Provide for the Construction of Certain Roads in Burke, McDowell, Mitchell, Yancey and Caldwell Counties.

Marion,
Morganton,
Morganton

South Toe River,
A&S Turnpike,
A&S Turnpike
Turnpikes: 1) Marion to South Toe River in Yancey County; 2) Morganton to Asheville & Sparta Turnpike; 3) Same endpoints via different route.

February 21, 1877

Act to Amend Section Five, Chapter Forty-Four, Private Laws of One Thousand Eight Hundred and Seventy-Four and One Thousand Eight Hundred and Seventy-Five.

-

-
Cheoah Turnpike. Allowed two more years to complete. And shall have total control of the Valley River and Clay Branch of said road.

March 5, 1877

Act to Allow the Citizens of Watauga and Caldwell Counties to Pass Through the Toll Gates of the Caldwell and Watauga Turnpike Road Free of Toll.

Caldwell County

NC/TN State Line
In Caldwell County free of toll.

March 8, 1877

Act to Amend Chapter Forty-Four, Private Laws of One Thousand Eight Hundred and Seventy-Four and One Thousand Eight Hundred and Seventy-Five, and Authorize the Construction of a Branch Road from Hayesville to Murphy, and to the Tennessee Line.

Hayesville

Murphy
Added the Hayesville and Murphy Turnpike Company. By this Act, considered a branch of the Cheoah Turnpike. This Act adds Cherokee County as part of this turnpike.

March 9, 1877

Act to Amend an Act Entitled "An Act to Incorporate the Wilmington and Coast Turnpike Company," Ratified the Nineteenth Day of March, Anno Domini, One Thousand Eight Hundred and Seventy-Five.

Wilmington

Head of Lee Creek
Stockholders of branch lines or main line of said road may be merged together.

March 10, 1879

Act to Amend Chapter Twenty of Laws of One Thousand Eight Hundred and Seventy-Six and One Thousand Eight Hundred and Seventy-Seven.

Marion, in
McDowell Co.

Burnsville, in
Yancey Co.
Marion and Burnsville Turnpike Company created.

February 25, 1881

Act to Amend the Laws in Relation to the Caldwell and Watauga Turnpike Company.

Caldwell County

NC/TN State Line
Company to surrender part of the turnpike west of the Blue Ridge to the County, in turn for extending their turnpike to the town of Lenoir

March 2, 1881

Act to Amend an Act to Incorporate the Sulphur Springs and Paint Rock Turnpike Company in Buncombe and Madison Counties, Being Chapter Two Hundred and Ninety-Seven of the Public Laws of North Carolina, Passed by the General Assembly at its Session of One Thousand Eight Hundred and Fifty-Five.

Sulphur Springs

Paint Rock at NC/TN Line
Named four new commissioners. One terminus to be Asheville. Identified exemptions to tolls.

March 2, 1881

Act to Authorize the Construction of a Turnpike Road from Cooper's Station and Black Mountain Station on the Western North Carolina Rail Road, in Buncombe, to Mitchell's Peak and Craggy, in Said County, and Greene Pond, in Yancey County.

Cooper's Station,
Black Mountain Station

Greene Pond
Named the Black Mountain Turnpike.

March 3, 1881

Act to Mark Out Certain Portions of the Marion and Asheville Turnpike Road, and Other Purposes, and for the Employment of Convicts on the Same.

Marion

Asheville
From Isaac Coxe's in McDowell County to McDonald's Store in Mitchell County, then from McDonald's Store to Thomas Young's in Yancey County.

March 5, 1881

Resolution in Favor of the Caldwell and Watauga Turnpike Company.

Caldwell County

NC/TN State Line
$25 paid by the State for surrendering part of road.

March 12, 1881

Act to Lay Off a Free Turnpike Road in Orange County.

Durham

Person County Line
Voters must approve first. To be a public road.

March 12, 1881

Act to Amend Chapter Sixty-Seven (67) Private Laws of One Thousand Eight Hundred and Seventy-Six and One Thousand Eight Hundred and Seventy-Seven, and to Authorize the Construction of a Branch Road from Hayesville, in Clay County, to or Near Addington's Mill, on Clayton Road, in Macon County.

Hayesville

Near Addington's Mill in Macon County
Named The Clay and Macon Turnpike Company.

January 23, 1883

Act to Incorporate the Coast Turnpike Company.

Wilmington

Masonboro Sound
Sound near Hewlett's and Whiskey Creeks.

February 22, 1883

Act Relating to the Caldwell and Watauga Turnpike Company.

Caldwell County

NC/TN State Line
Authorized to resume building section of road that was surrendered in 1881.

March 12, 1883

Act to Repeal an Act Entitled "An Act to Incorporate the Jonathan's Creek and Tennessee Mountain Turnpike Company."

Waynesville, in
Haywood County

NC/TN State Line
January 18, 1847, see above.

February 6, 1885

Act to Amend an Act to Incorporate the Wilmington and Coast Turnpike Company.

Wilmington

Head of Lee Creek
Bicycles and tricycles forbidden. A misdemeanor.

February 17, 1885

Act to Amend an Act Entitled "An Act to Incorporate the Hiwassee Turnpike Company," and Acts Amendatory Thereof.

Murphy

NC/TN State Line
Charter re-enacted for 20 more years. New trustees have same rights as original trustees.

February 27, 1885

Act to Amend Chapter One Hundred and Sixty-Seven, Laws of One Thousand Eight Hundred and Eighty-Three, in Regard to the Caldwell and Watauga Turnpike.

Caldwell County

NC/TN State Line
Section 3 is repealed; required hands to work on said road.

March 11, 1885

Act in Relation to the Western Turnpike Road in Macon County.

Asheville

NC/GA Line,
NC/TN Line
Now a Public Road. County may continue tolls to help pay for repairs to said road.

March 11, 1885

Act to Incorporate the Newton and Taylorsville Turnpike and Bridge Company.

Newton

Taylorsville
Must go within one (1) mile of Sparkling Catawba Springs. May use convict labor.

February 28, 1887

Act to Establish a Turnpike Road in Madison County.

Ivy Gap

Haywood Line
Via Ray's Mills and Mars Hill College, then to Marshall, then via Little and Bay's Creek to Spring Creek.

March 3, 1887

Act to Build Certain Roads in the Counties of Alleghany, Ashe and Watauga.

Sparta
Jefferson
Henry Taylor's

Low Gap
NC/VA State Line
Mitchell Co. Line
Turnpike road from Sparta to Low Gap in Alleghany County. From Jefferson to Mineral Springs, then to Healing Springs, then to NC/VA state line in Ashe County. From Henry Taylor's to Valle Crucis, then to Mitchell County line in Watauga County. May use convict labor.

March 4, 1887

Act to Incorporate the Cranberry and Piedmont Turnpike Company.

Morganton,
Burke Co.

Cranberry,
Mitchell Co.
Plus toll bridges over Linville and Toe Rivers.

March 7, 1887

Act to Complete Certain Turnpike Roads.

Johnston County

Johnston County
Road near Smithfield, road across Swift Creek, and to grade hill near Black Creek. All to be done via convict labor within six (6) months.

March 7, 1887

Act to Lay Off and Construct a Road from Daniel Ashe's on the Western North Carolina Turnpike, in Jackson County, to the Mouth of Cowee Creek, Macon County.

Daniel Ashe's
Jackson Co.

Jacob Mason's
Macon Co.
Via Green's Creek, then the mouth of Bushy Creek, then to Cowee Gap, then to Jacob Mason's on Cowee Creek. Named the Cowee Turnpike.

March 7, 1887

Act to Amend the Charter of the Black Mountain Turnpike.

Mount Mitchell

Public Road in Buncombe County
To extend the road from any point on the line to the city of Asheville.

February 27, 1891

Act to Repeal the Charter of the Buncome Turnpike Company.

Saluda Gap

NC/TN State Line
Act of December 31, 1824 and all amendments thereto are now repealed.

March 9, 1889

Act to Incorporate the Mount Pisgah Turnpike Company, and to Authorize the Construction of a Turnpike Road to the Top of Mount Pisgah, in Buncombe County

Chestnut Ridge on Stony Fork Creek

Top of Mount Pisgah
Five (5) corporators named.

March 11, 1889

Act to Improve the Turnpike Roads of Johnston County.

Johnston County

Johnston County
Built by convicts; see 1887 above. Now public roads by this Act.

March 11, 1889

Act to Incorporate the Asheville and Craggy Mountain Turnpike Company.

Asheville

Craggy Mountain
Six (6) corporators named.

February 6, 1891

Act to Incorporate the Smoky Gap and Blue Ridge Turnpike Company.

Aaron

Cranberry Station
Entire road in Mitchell County.

March 5, 1891

Act to Incorporate the Valle Crucis, Shawneehaw and Elk Park Turnpike Company.

Valle Crucis,
Watauga Co.

Elk Park,
Mitchell Co.
Capital stock of $20,000 authorized. This Act was amended on March 8, 1899; see below.

March 6, 1891

Act to Incorporate the Blue Ridge and Saluda Turnpike Company.

Polk County

Henderson County
From Mill Springs, Columbus, or Tryon in Polk County to Hendersonville or Edneyville in Henderson County.

March 7, 1891

Act in Relation to the Caldwell and Watauga Turnpike Company of North Carolina.

Caldwell County

NC/TN State Line
Company must keep road in good repair, even if tolls collected do not cover all costs.

March 9, 1891

Act to Assist in Keeping in Repair Certain Turnpike Roads in Johnston County.

Johnston County

Johnston County
Authorized to use prisoners in the Johnston County Jail, who get sentences reduced.

March 9, 1891

Act to Incorporate the Yonahlossee Road Company, and to Authorize the Construction of a Turnpike Road Between Linville, North Carolina, and Blowing Rock, North Carolina.

Linville

Blowing Rock
-

February 6, 1893

Act to Incorporate The Boone and Blowing Rock Turnpike Company.

Boone

Blowing Rock
Private Laws, Chapter 38.

March 2, 1893

Act to Authorize the Commissioners of Rutherford, Henderson and Buncombe to Declare the Hickory Nut Turnpike a Public Road.

Cove Creek in
Rutherford County

Joseph Garrius's in
Buncombe County
-

March 4, 1893

Act to Incorporate the Mountain View Road Company, and to Authorize the Construction of a Turnpike Road Between the Iron Bridge West of Morganton and the Town of Linville or Miller's Gap.

West of Morganton

Near Miller's Gap at Linville
-

March 6, 1893

Act to Sell the State's Interest in the Caldwell and Watauga Turnpike Company and to Aid in the Construction of the Boone and Blowing Rock Turnpike Company Road.

Caldwell County

Watauga County
New company named the Boone and Blowing Rock Turnpike Company established; see February 6, 1893 above.

March 9, 1895

Act to Incorporate the Marion, Linville Falls and Cranberry Turnpike Company.

W.J. English's

Miller Gap
From W.J. English's in McDowell County to Miller Gap in Mitchell County.

March 13, 1895

Act to Construct a Turnpike from the Rutherford County Line at Paris Gap, to the Buncombe County Line in Hickory Nut Gap, in Henderson County.

Paris Gap

Hickory Nut Gap
Known as the Hickory Nut Turnpike in Henderson County, approved in 1839 and 1841; see above.

March 3, 1897

Act to Amend Chapter 316, Private Laws 1895, Concerning a Turnpike in Henderson County.

G.P. Horton Hotel

Hickory Nut Gap
End of road changed to G.P. Horton Hotel in Chimney Rock Township, Rutherford County.

March 5, 1897

Act to Incorporate the Mulberry Turnpike Company.

Joseph Bryant's on
Mulberry Creek

Below Mulberry Springs
In Caldwell County.

March 6, 1897

Act to Incorporate the Highlands Turnpike Company, and to Authorize the Construction of a Turnpike Road Between Highlands, North Carolina, and Cashier's Valley, North Carolina

Highlands, NC
(Macon Co.)

Cashier's Valley, NC (Jackson Co.)
Three (3) incorporators named.

March 9, 1897

Act to Amend and Re-Enact Chapter One Hundred and Seventy-Three, Laws of North Carolina for Eighteen Hundred and Eighty-One, Relating to the Marion and Asheville Turnpike.

Marion

Asheville
New commissioners named. Three routes: Marion to Bakersville; Spruce Pine to Burnsville; and, Burnsville to Madison County Line.

January 14, 1899

Act to Repeal Chapter Three Hundred and Sixteen of the Private Laws of Eighteen Hundred and Ninety-Five

Paris Gap

Hickory Nut Gap
Repeals Acts of March 13, 1895 and March 3, 1897 above - Hickory Nut Turnpike.

January 31, 1899

Act to Extend the Charter of the Fairfield Canal and Turnpike Company

-

-
Charter extended for sixty (60) years. Canal chartered in 1849. Added turnpike in 1871, not found.

February 28, 1899

Act to Restore the Caldwell and Watauga Turnpike Company That Portion of its Road from Near Patterson, North Carolina, to the Incorporated Limits of Lenoir, North Carolina

Patterson

Lenoir
This portion was earlier turned over to the county commissioners of Caldwell County.

March 6, 1899

Act to Incorporate the North Wilkesboro and Boone Turnpike Company

North Wilkesboro

Boone
Authorized capital stock of $20,000.

March 7, 1899

Act to Provide for Repairing Pungo Turnpike, in Washington County

-

-
Twenty-five (25) convicts authorized to work on said road repair.

March 7, 1899

Act to Declare a Certain Road a Highway

-

-
Hickory Nut Turnpike declared a public highway in Rutherford and Henderson counties.

March 8, 1899

Act to Amend Chapter Two Hundred and Twenty-One, Private Laws of Eighteen Hundred and Ninety-One

Valle Crucis,
Watauga Co.

Elk Park,
Mitchell Co.
Valle Crucis, Shawneehaw and Elk Park Turnpike Company - Company must pay cash for services.

-

-

-

-
-

-

-

-

-
-

-

-

-

-
-

-

-

-

-
-


© 2017 - J.D. Lewis - PO Box 1188 - Little River, SC 29566 - All Rights Reserved