North Carolina Railroads - Atlantic & North Carolina Railroad


Year Chartered or Incorporated

Year Line Operational

Year Service Ended

Original Starting Point

Original Ending Point





Goldsboro, NC

Beaufort, NC
*1989 the Atlantic & North Carolina Railroad was merged into the North Carolina Railroad (which is leased by Norfolk Southern Railway), resulting in a consolidated corridor from Morehead City to Charlotte.
+ 1939 leased by the Atlantic & East Carolina Railway
+ 1904 leased by Norfolk & Southern Railway (1st). They defaulted in 1932. 
+ 1881-1883 leased by the Midland North Carolina Railroad. Politics undid this lease.

The Atlantic & North Carolina Railroad was chartered in 1854 and organized at New Bern. Construction was completed in 1858. The state of North Carolina subscribed to two-thirds of the stock in the railroad. The road ran from Goldsboro, through New Bern, to Beaufort.

Since it ended across the sound from Beaufort, the new town of Morehead City was created where the tracks ended. The railroad was built to provide an alternative for shipping North Carolina goods through Morehead City, rather than through Norfolk, Virginia.

At the first general stockholders meeting held during July 20-21, 1854, John Dalton Whitford was elected president of the railroad.

The Atlantic & North Carolina Railroad fared much as did other southern roads during the Civil War. In March of 1862, the line from New Bern to the Atlantic coast fell to the federal troops, who extended their control as far as Kinston by the end of the year. In March of 1865, the remainder of the road was captured and the whole was operated as a military road until returned to the company on October 24, 1865.

In 1904, the operation of the A&NC Railroad was leased to the Norfolk & Southern Railroad. In 1932, the bankrupt N&S defaulted on the lease payments. The A&NC withdrew the lease in 1935 and began operating the line.

In 1939, the operations were once again leased to the newly-formed Atlantic & East Carolina Railway Company, headquartered in Kinston. During 1957 and 1958, the A&EC became a subsidiary of the Southern Railway.

Although merger talks began in 1866 with the North Carolina Railroad, the merger wasn't completed until 1989 — more than a century later.

Click Here for an Adobe PDF file of the "Proceedings of the 50th Annual Meeting and Special Meeting of the Stockholders of the Atlantic & North Carolina Rail Road Held at New Bern, NC," printed in 1904.

Towns on Route:

Goldsborough > Goldsboro (1893)

Best Station (1873) > Beston (1882)

Moseley Hall > La Grange (1869)

Falling Creek


Dover (1867)

Core Creek

Tuscarora (1882)

Clark (1892)

Newbern > New Berne (1877) > Newbern (1892) > New Bern (1918)

James City (1888)

Thurmon (1885)

Riverdale (1877)

Croatan (1874)

Havelock (1881)

Lucknow (1850s)

Shepardsville (1859) > Newport (1866)

Wildwood (1881)

Hollywood (1874) > Andrews (1882) > Wildwood #2 (1884)

Hollywood #2 (1884) > Camp Glenn (1915)

Paradise (1904) > Mansfield (1906)

Morehead City (1859)


© 2007 - J.D. Lewis - PO Box 1188 - Little River, SC 29566 - All Rights Reserved