The troops in the War of 1812 were basically of two kinds
- the regular army, known as regulars, and the militia. The regulars
were entirely volunteers. All men belonged to the militia, but
not all militias were called into service. Those who were actually
enrolled were known as the detached militia; they were obtained
preferably by volunteers from the total militia or by conscription
if not enough volunteered. The militia in the past had been thought
of as a body of men only used for home defense, but in the War
of 1812 they were not only used at home but were also sent out
of the state to aid at other danger points.
Colonel Nash's regiment of South Carolina volunteers suffered
great hardships in the Creek War phase of the conflict. The President
appointed one-sixth of his new generals from South Caolina. Major
General Thomas Pinckney commanded the Sixth Military District.
George Izard, of the regulars, served under Major General Wade
Hampton on the Canadian front and in March, 1814, was made Brigadier
General to command around Lake Champlain. Major Arthur P. Hayne
fought under General Andrew Jackson. The gallant Colonel Fenwick
was severely wounded at Queenstown. Lieutenant John Templar Shubrick,
who later distinguished himself against Algiers, was awarded
a handsome sword by the South Carolina legislature for his gallantry
against the Guerriere, the Java, and the Peacock.