South Carolina - The Counties

The Counties from 1664 to Present - In Alphabetical Order

Year

County

Created From

County Seat

First Settled

First Settled By

Population (2010)

Notes/ Comments

1785

Abbeville

Ninety-Six District

Abbeville

1750

French Huguenots

25,417
 

1871

Aiken

Orangeburg, Edgefield, Barnwell, and Lexington

Aiken

1737

Swiss/Palatines, French Huguenots

160,099
 

1919

Allendale

Barnwell and Hampton Counties

Allendale

1750s

French Huguenots, Scots-Irish

10,419
 

1826

Anderson

Pendleton County

Anderson

1777

Scots-Irish, Revolutionary War Vets

187,126
 

1897

Bamberg

Barnwell County

Bamberg

1750s

French Huguenots, Scots-Irish

15,987
 

1800

Barnwell

Orangeburg District

Barnwell

1740s

Swiss/Palatines, Scots-Irish

22,621
Virtually same as earlier Winton County

1785 

Bartholomew

Charleston District

1680s

English/Barbadians

Abolished in 1791

1769

Beaufort District

Granville County

Beaufort

1680s

Scots Highlanders

-
Abolished in 1800

1800

Beaufort

Beaufort District

Beaufort

1686

Scots Highlanders

162,233
 

1682

Berkeley

Craven County

-

1670

English/Barbadians

-
Abolished in 1768

1785

Berkeley

Charleston District

-

1670s

English/Barbadians

-
Abolished in 1791

1882

Berkeley

Charleston County

Moncks Corner

1670s

English/Barbadians

177,843
Third incarnation of Berkeley County

1908

Calhoun

Lexington and Orangeburg Counties

St. Matthews

1730s

Scots-Irish, Germans, French Huguenots

15,175
 

1769

Camden District

Craven County

Camden

1730s

Scots-Irish, Quakers

-
Abolished in 1800

1684

Carteret

Colleton County

-

1680s

English/Barbadians

-
Abolished in 1708

1769

Charles Town District

Berkeley, Colleton Counties

Charles Town

1670

English/Barbadians

-
Renamed Charleston District in 1785; Abolished in 1800

1785

Charleston

Charleston District

Charleston

1670

English/Barbadians

-
Abolished in 1791

1800

Charleston

Charleston District

Charleston

1670

English/Barbadians

350,209
Berkeley County ceded land back to Charleston County in 1897. 

1769

Cheraws District

Craven County

Long Bluff

1736

Welsh

-
Abolished in 1800

1897

Cherokee

Spartanburg, Union, and York Counties

Gaffney

1750s

Scots-Irish

55,342
 

1785

Chester

Camden District

Chester

1755

Scots-Irish

33,140
 

1785

Chesterfield

Cheraws District

Chesterfield

1737

Welsh

46,734
 

1785

Claremont

Camden District

-

1740s

English/Welsh

-
Abolished in 1800

1785

Clarendon

Camden District

Jamesville

1750

French Huguenots

-
Abolished in 1800

1855

Clarendon

Camden District

Manning

1750

French Huguenots

34,971
Re-established in 1855.

1682

Colleton

Craven County

-

1682

English, French Huguenots

-
Abolished in 1768

1785

Colleton

Charleston District

-

1682

English, French Huguenots

-
Abolished in 1791

1800

Colleton

Charleston District

Walterboro

1682

English, French Huguenots

38,892
Third incarnation of Colleton County

1664

Craven

1st Charter

Charles Town

1670

English/Barbadians

-
Abolished in 1768

1785

Darlington

Cheraws District

Darlington

1738

Welsh

68,681
 

1910

Dillon

Marion County

Dillon

1736

Welsh

32,062
 

1897

Dorchester

Colleton County

St. George

1696

New Englanders from Massachusetts

136,555
 

1785

Edgefield

Ninety-Six District

Edgefield

1750s

Scots-Irish

26,985
 

1785

Fairfield

Camden District

Winnsboro

1755

Scots-Irish, French Huguenots

23,956
 

1888

Florence

Clarendon, Darlington, and Marion, Counties

Florence

1736

Welsh

136,885
 

1769

Georgetown District

Craven County

Georgetown

1690s

English, French Huguenots

-
Abolished in 1800

1800

Georgetown

Winyah County

Georgetown

1690s

English, French Huguenots

60,158
 

1708

Granville

Carteret County

-

1680s

English/Barbadians

-
Abolished in 1768

1785

Granville

Beaufort District

-

1680s

English/Barbadians

-
Abolished in 1791

1786

Greenville

Cherokee Lands

Greenville

1777

Scots-Irish, Revolutionary War Veterans

451,225
 

1897

Greenwood

Abbeville and Edgefield Counties

Greenwood

1750s

Scots-Irish, French Huguenots

69,661
 

1878

Hampton

Beaufort County

Hampton

1732

Swiss/Palatines, French Huguenots

21,090
 

1785 

Hilton

Beaufort District

-

1680s

Scots Highlanders 

Abolished in 1791

1801

Horry

Kingston County

Conway

1700

English, Scots-Irish

269,291
 

1912

Jasper

Hampton County

Ridgeland

1732

Swiss/Palatines, French Huguenots

24,777
 

1798

Kershaw

Claremont, Richland, and Lancaster Counties

Camden

1732

English from Charles Town

61,697
 

1785

Kingston

Georgetown District

Kingston

1700

English, Scots-Irish

-
Abolished in 1801

1785

Lancaster

Camden District

Lancaster

1750s

Scots-Irish

76,652
 

1785

Laurens

Ninety-Six District

Laurens

1753

Scots-Irish

66,537
 

1902

Lee

Darlington, Kershaw, and Sumter Counties

Bishopville

1730s

Scots-Irish, Welsh

19,220
 

1785

Lewisburg

Orangeburg District

-

1730s

Germans, French Huguenots

-
Abolished in 1791

1785

Lexington

Orangeburg District

-

1730s

Germans, French Huguenots

-
Abolished in 1791

1804

Lexington

Orangeburg County

Lexington

1730s

Germans, French Huguenots

262,391
Trading Post in 1718

1785

Liberty

Georgetown District

-

1730s

Welsh

-
Abolished in 1798

1785 

Lincoln

Beaufort District

-

1680s

Scots Highlanders

-
Abolished in 1791

1785

Marion

Charleston District

-

1690s

English/Barbadians

-
Abolished in 1791

1798

Marion

Liberty County

Marion

1735

Welsh

33,062
 

1785

Marlboro

Cheraws District

Bennettsville

1737

Welsh

28,933
 

1916

McCormick

Abbeville, Edgefield, and Greenwood Counties

McCormick

1750s

Scots-Irish

10,233
 

1785

Newberry

Ninety-Six District

Newberry

1750s

Germans, English, Scots-Irish

37,508
 

1769

Ninety-Six District

Indian Lands

Ninety-Six

1730s

Scots-Irish, Germans, French Huguenots

-
Abolished in 1800

1868

Oconee

Pickens County

Walhalla

1784

Germans, Revolutionary War Veterans

74,273
 

1785

Orange

Orangeburg District

Orangeburg

1730s

Reformed Swiss, German Lutherans, French Huguenots

-
Abolished in 1791

1791

Orangeburg

Orange District

Orangeburg

1730s

Reformed Swiss, German Lutherans, French Huguenots

92,501
 

1769

Orangeburgh District

Orangeburg and Amelia Townships

Orangeburg

1730s

Reformed Swiss, German Lutherans, French Huguenots

-
Abolished in 1800

1789

Pendleton

Ninety-Six District

Pendleton

1753

English, Scots-Irish

-
Abolished in 1826

1798

Pendleton District

Washington District

Pendleton

1753

English, Scots-Irish

-
Abolished in 1800

1826

Pickens

Pendleton County

Pickens

1753

English, Scots-Irish

119,224
 

1791

Pinckney District

Ninety-Six and Cheraws Districts

Pinckneyville

1777

Scots-Irish

-
Abolished in 1800

1785

Richland

Camden District

Columbia

1735

Germans, English, Scots-Irish

384,504
 

1792

Salem

Claremont and Clarendon Counties

Salem

1750s

English, French Huguenots

-
Abolished in 1800

1895

Saluda

Edgefield County

Saluda

1750s

French Huguenots, Scots-Irish

19,875
 

1785 

Shrewsbury 

Beaufort District

-

1680s

Scots Highlanders

-
Abolished in 1791

1785

Spartan

Ninety-Six District

Spartanburg

1755

Scots-Irish

-
Abolished in 1791

1791

Spartanburg

Spartan County

Spartanburg

1755

Scots-Irish

284,307
 

1800

Sumter

Claremont, Clarendon, and Salem Counties

Sumter

1740s

English, French Huguenots

107,456
 

1785

Union

Ninety-Six District

Union

1749

English, Scots-Irish

28,961
 

1791

Washington District

Cherokee Lands

Pickensville

1753

English, Scots-Irish

-
Abolished in 1798

1785

Washington

Charleston District

-

1690s

English/Barbadians

-
Abolished in 1791

1785

Williamsburg

Georgetown District

Kingstree

1730s

Scots-Irish, French Huguenots

34,423
 

1785

Winton

Orangeburg District

-

1740s

Germans, French Huguenots

-
Abolished in 1791

1785

Winyah

Georgetown District

-

1690s

English, French Huguenots

-
Abolished in 1800

1785

York

Camden District

York

1750

Scots-Irish

226,073
 

 


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