South Carolina Supreme Court - History

South Carolina Supreme Court Justices
Several sources indicate that an Act of the South Carolina Legislature in 1840 established the SC Supreme Court in 1841, but this Author has found no proof of these assertions, however, the 1840 Act did make changes to the existing SC court system. Since the beginning of South Carolina as a state, its constitution provided for various courts with differing purposes. Over time, many historians assert that "one key judge" was the "de facto" Chief Justice in South Carolina, starting with John Faucheraud Grimké (1783-1819), William Drayton, Sr. (1789-1791), John Rutledge (1791-1795), Elihu Hall Bay (1791-1838), Aedenus Burke (1796-1799), and Abraham Nott (1824-1830). However, this Author does not agree that they were the actual "Chief Justice" of the SC Supreme Court because it did not officially exist until 1868.
Starting in 1859, John Belton O'Neall was so widely respected for his judicial acumen that he became the first man to be "called" Chief Justice for the entire state of South Carolina. However, he and his successor, Benjamin Faneuil Dunkin, were merely the "most respected" judges currently sitting in South Carolina, and not over any formalized court. The Court of Appeals had been created in the early 1800s, then abolished, then resurrected again in the 1850s.
The 1868 SC Constitution provided for the state's first Supreme Court, with a Chief Justice and two (2) Associate Justices. The 1895 SC Constitution provided for a Chief Justice and three (3) Associate Justices to begin in 1896. In 1912, a Constitutional Amendment provided for a Chief Justice and four (4) Associate Justices.
Alva Moore Lumpkin is identified by several sources as "Acting Associate Justice" on the SC Supreme Court from 1926 to 1934, but as can be seen below, all authorized Associate Justices for this time period were actively engaged and sat on the SC Supreme Court. Why there would be an "Acting Associate Justice" for such a long time is beyond this Author's understanding. Therefore, he is not included below, but you can click in his link above to find more information about him on Wikipedia.com. I leave it for you to decide.
If anyone has a decent photo or portrait of any of the SC Supreme Court Justices, please send them to me at: jd.lewis@carolana.com.

Year

Chief Justice

Associate Justice 1

Associate Justice 2

Associate Justice 3

Associate Justice 4

1859

John Belton O'Neall

-

-

-

-

1860

"

-

-

-

-

1861

"

-

-

-

-

1862

"

-

-

-

-

1863

"

-

-

-

-

1864

-

-

-

-

-

1865

Benjamin Faneuil Dunkin

-

-

-

-

1866

"

-

-

-

-

1867

"

-

-

-

-

1868

Franklin J. Moses, Sr.

Ammiel Jenkins Willard 

Solomon Lafayette Hoge

-

-

1869

"

"

"

-

-

1870

"

"

Jonathan Jasper Wright

-

-

1871

"

"

"

-

-

1872

"

"

"

-

-

1873

"

"

"

-

-

1874

"

"

"

-

-

1875

"

"

"

-

-

1876

"

"

"

-

-

1877

Ammiel Jenkins Willard

Henry McIver

Alexander Cheves Haskell

-

-

1878

"

"

"

-

-

1879

"

"

Samuel McGowan

-

-

1880

William Dunlap Simpson

"

"

-

-

1881

"

"

"

-

-

1882

"

"

"

-

-

1883

"

"

"

-
 

1884

"

"

"

-

-

1885

"

"

"

-

-

1886

"

"

"

-

-

1887

"

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"

-

-

1888

"

"

"

-

-

1889

"

"

"

-

-

1890

"

"

"

-

-

1891

Henry McIver

Young John Pope

"

-

-

1892

"

"

"

-

-

1893

"

"

"

-

-

1894

"

"

Eugene Blackburn Gary

-

-

1895

"

"

"

-

-

1896

"

"

"

Ira Boyd Jones

-

1897

"

"

"

"

-

1898

"

"

"

"

-

1899

"

"

"

"

-

1900

"

"

"

"

-

1901

"

"

"

"

-

1902

"

"

"

"

-

1903

Young John Pope

Charles Albert Woods

"

"

-

1904

"

"

"

"

-

1905

"

"

"

"

-

1906

"

"

"

"

-

1907

"

"

"

"

-

1908

"

"

"

"

-

1909

Ira Boyd Jones

"

"

Daniel Edward Hydrick

-

1910

"

"

"

"

-

1911

"

"

"

"

-

1912

Eugene Blackburn Gary

"

Thomas Boone Fraser, Jr.

"

Richard Cannon Watts

1913

"

"

"

"

"

1914

"

George Williams Gage

"

"

"

1915

"

"

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1916

"

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1917

"

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1918

"

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1919

"

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1920

"

"

"

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"

1921

"

"

"

Thomas Perrin Cothran

"

1922

"

John Hardin Marion

"

"

"

1923

"

"

"

"

"

1924

"

"

"

"

"

1925

"

"

"

"

"

1926

"

Eugene Satterwhite Blease

John Gates Stabler

"

"

1927

Richard Cannon Watts

"

"

"

Jesse Francis Carter

1928

"

"

"

"

"

1929

"

"

"

"

"

1930

"

"

"

"

"

1931

Eugene Satterwhite Blease

Milledge Lipscomb Bonham

"

"

"

1932

"

"

"

"

"

1933

"

"

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1934

"

"

"

"

"

1935

John Gates Stabler

"

Edward Ladson Fishburne

David Gordon Baker

"

1936

"

"

"

"

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1937

"

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"

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1938

"

"

"

"

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1939

"

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"

"

"

1940

Milledge Lipscomb Bonham

Taylor Hudnall Stukes

"

"

"

1941

"

"

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1942

"

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1943

David Gordon Baker

"

"

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1944

"

"

"

Claude Ambrose Taylor

George Dewey Oxner

1945

"

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1946

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1947

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1948

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1949

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1950

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1951

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1952

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1953

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1954

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"

Lionel Kennedy Legge

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1955

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1956

Taylor Hudnall Stukes

Joseph Rodney Moss

"

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1957

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1958

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1959

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1960

"

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1961

Claude Ambrose Taylor

"

Thomas Patrick Bussey

James Woodrow Lewis

"

1962

"

"

"

"

James Moncrief Brailsford, Jr.

1963

"

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1964

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1965

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1966

Joseph Rodney Moss

Cameron Bruce Littlejohn

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1967

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1968

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1969

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1970

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1971

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1972

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1973

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1974

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Julius B. Ness

1975

James Woodrow Lewis

"

George Tillman Gregory, Jr.

William Luther Rhodes, Jr.

"

1976

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1977

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1978

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1979

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1980

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David Walker Harwell

"

1981

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1982

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1983

"

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1984

Cameron Bruce Littlejohn

Archie Lee Chandler

"

"

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1985

Julius B. Ness

"

"

"

Ernest Adoplhus Finney, Jr.

1986

"

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1987

"

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1988

George Tillman Gregory, Jr.

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Jean Hoefer Toal

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1989

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1990

"

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1991

"

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1992

David Walker Harwell

"

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James Edward Moore

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1993

"

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1994

Archie Lee Chandler

John Henry Waller, Jr.

"

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1995

Ernest Adolphus Finney, Jr.

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Elijah Curran Burnett, III

1996

"

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1997

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1998

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1999

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2000

Jean Hoefer Toal

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Costa M. Pleicones

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2001

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2002

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2003

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2004

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2005

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2006

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2007

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Donald W. Beatty

2008

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John W. Kitteredge

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2009

"

Kaye Gorenflo Hearn

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2010

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2011

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2012

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2013

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2014

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2015

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© 2015 - J.D. Lewis - PO Box 1188 - Little River, SC 29566 - All Rights Reserved