South Carolina - Acts on Education Topics

An Act to Establish the University of South Carolina.

December 19, 1865

The Statutes at Large of South Carolina, Volume XIII, Pages 296-298.

Whereas the proper education of youth is a matter of vital importance to this State in its present condition, and ought to be the special object of Legislative attention; and whereas the conversion of the South Carolina College into an University will meet its great demand, and will foster all the elements which have heretofore contributed to its intellectual and moral power, and will preserve its unity and glory:

I. Be it, therefore, enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives, now met and sitting in General Assembly, and by the authority of the same, That the corporation heretofore created by an Act entitled "An Act to establish a College at Columbia," ratified the nineteenth day of December, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and one, shall hereafter be known by the name of the University of South Carolina, and as such, shall be entitled to all the rights and be liable to all the duties conferred or imposed upon the said original corporation by the said Act, and all amendments thereto, except where the same shall be modified by the provisions of this Act.

II. That the Board of Trustees of the University of South Carolina shall, as soon as practicable after the ratification of this Act, establish schools and provide for competent Professors in the following departments, to wit: First, a School of Ancient Languages and Literature; second, a School of Modern Languages and Literature; third, a School of History, Political Philosophy, and Economy; fourth, a School of Rhetoric, Criticism, Elocution and English Language and Literature; fifth, a School of Mental and Moral Philosophy, Sacred Literature and Evidences of Christianity; sixth, a School of Mathematics, Civil and Military Engineering and Construction; seventh, a School of Natural and Mechanical Philosophy and Astronomy; eighth, a School of Chemistry, Pharmacy, Mineralogy and Geology.

III. The Board of Trustees shall take care that one of the Professors thereinbefore provided for shall be a Minister of the Gospel, who shall also be charged with the duties of Chaplain to the said University, under such regulations and with such additional salary as may be fixed by the said Board.

IV. That no student shall matriculate until he shall have attained the age of fifteen years, and shall agree to enter at least three of the schools provided for by this Act: Provided, however. That in special cases the Chairman of the Faculty may, at his discretion, permit any applicant to take less than three schools. The fees to be paid by each student shall be as follows: If the student enters three schools or more, for each school he shall pay twenty-five dollars per annum; if the student enters two schools only, for each school thirty-five dollars per annum; if the student enters only one school, fifty dollars per annum. The compensation for room rent, use of Library, and such damages to the property of the corporation as may be done by each student, shall be regulated by the Board of Trustees.

V. The Board of Trustees may, if it is deemed proper, give a license to one or more persons learned in the Law, and one or more Professors of Medicine, to give instruction in their respective professions in the said University, and assign to them, or any of them, a Lecture room or Lecture rooms, in which, at times, and under terms and conditions, and with tuition fees prescribed by the said Board, they may respectively form classes and deliver instructions in their respective professions; and the same license may, if deemed proper by the said Board, be given to a person or persons qualified to instruct in any mechanical or practical pursuit. None of the branches of instruction provided for in this Section shall be considered as schools, or included in the number necessary to be taken by any person before matriculation.

VI. Each Professor hereinbefore provided for shall be allowed to occupy a house belonging to the corporation, free of rent, and be entitled to receive a salary of one thousand dollars, to be paid quarterly, in advance, by the Treasurer of the State, and shall also be entitled to receive such tuition fees as may be paid by the students entering the school at the head of which such Professor may be.

VII. The Board of Trustees shall appoint a Librarian, who shall act as Treasurer of the corporation and Secretary to the Faculty, and perform such other duties and receive such salary as the Board of Trustees may prescribe.

VIII. The various Professors appointed to give instruction in the various schools provided for in this Act shall constitute a Board, to be called the Faculty of the University of South Carolina, one of whom shall be chosen by the Board of Trustees as Chairman of the said Faculty, who shall perform the duties heretofore imposed upon the President of the South Carolina College, except where the same has been altered or modified by this Act.

IX. That nine members of the Board of' Trustees, at any stated or occasional meeting thereof, shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of any business which is entrusted to the said Board; and in case of the absence of the President of the Board at any meeting, the majority of those present, provided there be a quorum, may proceed to elect a President pro tempore.

X. That the Members of the General Assembly from each Election District in this State, or a majority of them, are hereby authorized and empowered, from time to time, to select one youth from each of their respective Districts, who shall be received into this University, and be allowed to matriculate in this Institution, and enter any three of the schools provided for in this Act which may be selected by him, without any charge for tuition, room rent, or use of the Library; and each Professor hereinbefore provided for shall be elected upon condition that he will give gratuitous instruction in his school to such of the said youths as may enter his school: Provided, however, That no person receiving the benefit of this Section shall be exempt from any charge which may be made for damages done by him to the property of the corporation.

XI. That the Board of Trustees may, if deemed advisable, elect a Bursar, who shall hold his office upon such terms and conditions, perform such duties, and be entitled to receive such salary or compensation as the said Board may prescribe.

In the Senate House, the nineteenth day of December, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-five.

W. D. PORTER, President of the Senate.
C. H. SIMONTON, Speaker of the House of Representatives.

Approved: James L. Orr. [Governor]



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