South Carolina Education - Spartanburg County

Year County Established

County Webpage Herein

County Seat Webpage Herein

1791

Spartanburg County

Spartanburg
 
On December 19, 1797, the South Carolina General Assembly passed an Act to incorporate the Spartanburg Philanthropic Society. This organization was authorized to build and manage a new Academy in the town of Spartanburg.
On December 18, 1824, the South Carolina General Assembly passed an Act, which included the incorporation of the Cedar Springs Male and Female Academies in the Spartanburg District, with sixteen (16) trustees named, and assets up to $10,000 authorized (Section II). On the same date, the South Carolina General Assembly passed another Act, which vested all escheated property, up to $10,000 in value, in the Spartanburg District in the Cedar Spring Academies, for the purpose of endowing and supporting two Academies, male and female, in the said district (Section I).

Founded in 1845 as the Limestone Springs Female High School by Dr. Thomas Curtis and his son Dr. William Curtis, distinguished Baptist clergymen. The school thrived until falling on hard times during the Civil War and Reconstruction. In 1881 the institution was revived by New York benefactor Peter Cooper as Cooper-Limestone Institute. Renamed Limestone College in 1898.

[Note - when the Limestone Springs Female High School opened in 1845, it was in the town of Limestone Springs in the Spartanburg District. In 1879, the town of Limestone Springs was renamed to Gaffney. In 1897, Cherokee County was created and Cooper-Limestone Institute was now in Gaffney, the new county seat of Cherokee County. The marker above is in Cherokee County.]

On January 22, 1849, a school for the deaf was founded at Cedar Springs, in the Spartanburg District, by the Reverend Newton Pinckney Walker and his wife, Martha Hughston Walker. Five students, including three of Mrs. Walker’s siblings and two former neighbors of Rev. Walker, were the first students. In April of 1855, a department for blind children was added to the school with James S. Henderson as principal, a graduate of the Tennessee School for the Blind.

In 1856, the State of South Carolina purchased the school and 157 acres for $10,759, and the school became the South Carolina Institution for the Education of the Deaf and Dumb and Blind. Walker Hall was designed by noted Charleston architect Edward C. Jones and built betwen 1857 and 1859.

On December 16, 1851, the South Carolina General Assembly passed an Act to incorporate Wofford College in the town of Spartanburg Court House within the Spartanburg District, named thirteen (13) trustees, and chartered the college for twenty-one (21) years.

Wofford College, charted in 1851, was established by a $100,000 bequest from the Rev. Benjamin Wofford of Spartanburg, who envisioned a college for 'literary, classical, and scientific education' affiliated with the Methodist Church. The college opened in the fall of 1854 and still occupies its historic campus, listed in the National Register of Historic Places in 1974. Wofford's Phi Beta Kappa chapter, charted in 1941, was the first at a private college in South Carolina.

On December 16, 1852, the South Carolina General Assembly passed an Act to appropriate $3,500 for the erection of a suitable building or buildings at Cedar Springs, in the Spartanburg District, for the education of the deaf and dumb of this State, and named Newton Pinckney Walker as the principal of the Deaf and Dumb Asylum aforesaid. On that same date, the General Assembly passed another Act to appropriate $150 per year per student at the Deaf and Dumb Asylum.
On December 21, 1854, the South Carolina General Assembly passed an Act to incorporate the Spartanburg Female College in the town of Spartanburg Court House in the Spartanburg District, named ten (10) trustees, and authorized assets up to $100,000,
On December 21, 1857, the South Carolina General Assembly passed an Act to incorporate Reidville High Schools in the Spartanburg District, named thirty (30) trustees, and chartered the school for twenty-one (21) years.
On December 21, 1858, the South Carolina General Assembly passed an Act, which included the clarification of the rights of trustees and stockholders of the Spartanburg Female College to conform to the same style of charter as provided to the Columbia Female College (Section VIII).

Also on December 21, 1858, the South Carolina General Assembly passed another Act, which included the incorporation of the The Theological Seminary of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the Diocese of South Carolina in the Kershaw District, named seven (7) trustees, authorized assets up to $100,000, and chartered the Seminary for twenty-one (21) years (Section V).

[The Seminary was located in Camden, SC where Bishop Thomas Davis resided. It opened on January 18, 1859, with three students and four faculty members. In October of 1859, William Porcher DuBose entered this seminary. It closed on June 30, 1862, because of the American Civil War. The Seminary re-opened in October of 1866 in Spartanburg, on the campus of what had been St. John's College. It suspended operation in October of 1868. The Seminary trained about twelve men for the ordained ministry.]

On March 7, 1871, the South Carolina General Assembly passed an Act to provide for the government of the South Carolina Institution for the Education of the Deaf and Dumb and the Blind at Cedar Springs in Spartanburg County. This institution had been started in 1849 then taken over by the State in 1856, see above.
On March 4, 1872, the South Carolina General Assembly passed an Act to incorporate the Spartanburg Female College in the town of Spartanburg Court House within Spartanburg County, authorized assets up to $30,000, and chartered the college indefinitely, or until repealed by the legislature.
On February 12, 1873, the South Carolina General Assembly passed an Act to renew the charter of Wofford College in the town of Spartanburg Court House for an indefinite period of time until repealed.
On February 26, 1873, the South Carolina General Assembly passed an Act to incorporate the Carolina Orphan Home in the town of Spartanburg Court House, named thirteen (13) trustees, and directed that all orphans must receive a free education.
On February 24, 1875, the South Carolina General Assembly passed an Act to renew the charter of the Reidville High School in Spartanburg County for an additional twenty-five (25) years, among other amendments.
On March 25, 1875, the South Carolina General Assembly passed a Joint Resolution to move the Deaf, Dumb and Blind Asylum from Spartanburg County to the city of Columbia in Richland County. From all evidence available, this did not happen.
On March 4, 1876, the South Carolina General Assembly passed an Act to incorporate the Pacolet High School of Spartanburg County, named seven (7) trustees, authorized assets up to $10,000, and chartered the school for fourteen (14) years.
Also on March 4, 1876, the South Carolina General Assembly passed another Act to incorporate the Limestone Springs Female High School in Spartanburg County, named six (6) associates, authorized assets up to $30,000, and chartered the school for twenty-one (21) years. This new corporation was also authorized to take possession of the existing Seminary property at Limestone Springs as their own property now.
On June 8, 1877, the South Carolina General Assembly passed an Act to prohibit the selling of intoxicating liquors within three (3) miles of Wellford High School in Spartanburg County. This is the first Act of this kind passed in South Carolina.
On December 20, 1878, the South Carolina General Assembly passed an Act to establish a new Board of Commissioners and Superintendent of the South Carolina Institution for the Education of Deaf and Dumb and the Blind at Cedar Springs in Spartanburg County.
On December 22, 1883, the South Carolina General Assembly passed an Act to establish a new special school district in the town of Spartanburg Court House in Spartanburg County, and to authorize voters to decide upon an additional school tax not to exceed two (2) mills on real and personal property. On December 23, 1884, the South Carolina General Assembly passed an Act to amend the Act of 12/22/1883, which changed the boundaries of said school district and clarified voters rights on determining if they want a special tax. On December 23, 1889, the South Carolina General Assembly passed an Act to amend the Act of 12/23/1884, by eliminating the requirement for over one-half of the voters to send a petition to the Trustees requesting that a new tax be levied. On December 22, 1891, the South Carolina General Assembly passed an Act to amend the Act of 12/22/1883, by slightly redefining the duties of those attending the first meeting and those who become the Board of Trustees. On January 4, 1894, the South Carolina General Assembly passed an Act to amend the Acts of 12/22/1883 and 12/22/1891, by clarifying the roles and responsibilities of the Board of Trustees for said school district. On March 9, 1896, the South Carolina General Assembly passed an Act to amend the Act of 12/22/1883, by redefining the election of and the roles and responsibilitys of the Board of Trustees for said school district.
On December 24, 1887, the South Carolina General Assembly passed an Act to establish a new special school district, to be known as Greer's Graded School District, in the town of Greer's Depot, with said new school district to be in both Greenville and Spartanburg counties, named five (5) trustees, and authorized voters to decide upon a special school tax not to exceed two (2) mills on real and personal property. On December 20, 1888, the South Carolina General Assembly passed an Act to amend the Act of 12/24/1887, to clarify the boundaries of said district with the center being at the existing Greer's Academy.
Also on December 24, 1887, the South Carolina General Assembly passed another Act to authorize the City of Spartanburg School District to issue bonds up to $12,000 for the purpose of building one or more public school buildings in the city of Spartanburg, if approved by the voters. On December 22, 1888, the South Carolina General Assembly passed an Act to amend the Act of 12/24/1887, by adding the previously omitted term of thirty (30) years, and that bonds shall not be taxable for county or municipal purposes. On December 24, 1888, the South Carolina General Assembly passed another Act to amend the Act of 12/24/1887, by authorizing voters to decide upon "guaranteeing the payment" of the above-mentioned $12,000 in bonds.
On November 8, 1889, the South Carolina General Assembly acknowledged the charter to incorporate Converse College in the town of Spartanburg, in Spartanbug County, named thirteen (13) incorporators, and identified $25,000 in capital stock. The college was for whites only.

CONVERSE COLLEGE

Founded by citizens of
Spartanburg in 1889
for the liberal education of women.
Named for Dexter Edgar Converse,
pioneer textile manufacturer.

Opened in 1890 on this site,
the grounds of which have been
used for educational purposes
since 1849.
On December 24, 1890, the South Carolina General Assembly passed an Act to authorize the sale of a certain building in the City of Columbia, with the lot on which it stands, known as Agricultural Hall; that four-acre lot in said city known as the Fish Pond tract or lot; that tract of land known as the Experimental Farm at Columbia, with the personal property belonging thereto; that certain farm and tract of land, containing two hundred and twenty-seven 21-100 acres, in the County of Darlington, known as the South Carolina Agricultural Farm and Station in Darlington County, together with the personal property thereon and appertaining thereto; and that certain tract of land in Spartanburg County, near the City of Spartanburg, containing 14 4-100 acres, more or less, with the buildings and with the personal property thereunto belonging, known as that part of the South Carolina Agricultural Farm and Station situated in Spartanburg County. That the proceeds of such sale or sales, whether in money or securities, shall be turned over to the State Treasurer, to be by him held subject to the draft or order, as the case may be, of the Trustees of the Clemson Agricultural College, for the use of the said Clemson Agricultural College, to which college the said proceeds are hereby appropriated, except for the Darlington County Farm and Station and property - the funds shall be distributed to Darlington County and Florence County for general county use.
Also on December 24, 1890, the South Carolina General Assembly passed an Act to establish a new special school district in the town of Wellford, in Spartanburg County, and authorized voters to decide upon an additional special school tax not to exceed two (2) mills on real and personal property. On December 22, 1891, the South Carolina General Assembly passed an Act to amend the 12/24/1890 Act, by redefining the boundaries of the Wellford School District and modifying section 3 of said Act slightly.
On January 5, 1895, the South Carolina General Assembly passed an Act to amend Section 1136 of the Revised General Statutes of 1892 by redefining the Board of Commissioners for the South Carolina Institution for the Education of the Deaf and Dumb in Spartanburg County. The said Board shall be allowed actual expenses for not more than two meetings in each year.
On February 25, 1895, the South Carolina General Assembly passed an Act to incorporate Converse College in the city of Spartanburg, in Spartanburg County, named twelve (12) trustees, and stipulated that if certain events transpire, then all assets revert to the original donors.
On February 17, 1897, the South Carolina General Assembly passed an Act to authorize the city of Spartanburg School District to issue bonds up to $10,000 for the purpose of erecting one or more public school buildings in the said school district and of acquiring a lot or lots for the same. The Act also authorized a special tax to pay the interest on said bonds, to be calculated what is required.
On February 25, 1897, the South Carolina General Assembly passed an Act to extend the charter for the Reidville High School in Spartanburg County by an additional twenty-one (21) years.
On February 21, 1898, the South Carolina General Assembly passed an Act to require the County Treasurers of Spartanburg, Union, and York Counties to transfer certain appropriate public school funds to the recently-created Cherokee County.
 
 
 
 
 

While minister of Duncan Memorial Methodist Church, the Rev. David E. Camak established the Textile Industrial Institute in the dwelling across the street to educate cotton mill workers. The institute opened Sept. 5, 1911, and its operation was soon assumed by the Methodist Church; it became a junior college in 1927. In 1974, the school was renamed Spartanburg Methodist College.

Built in 1948 on the site of Reidville Female College (operated 1871-1910), one of two private schools founded in 1857 by Rev. Robert Harden Reid and located on lands given by James N. Gaston, James Wakefield, and Anthony Wakefield. Reidville Male Academy (1857-1905) occupied building 1/2 mile east. The schools were combined in 1905.

 
 
 
 
 


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