South Carolina Education - York County

Year County Established

County Webpage Herein

County Seat Webpage Herein

1785

York County

York
 
On December 21, 1799, the South Carolina General Assembly passed an Act, which included provisions for escheated property within York County to be given to Alexandria College in Pinckneyville. At that point in time, York County was within the overarching Pinckney District.
On December 18, 1818, the South Carolina General Assembly passed an Act, which included the incorporation of the Bethel Academy in the York District, and named four (4) trustees of said academy. On December 18, 1819, the South Carolina General passed an Act, which authorized the Bethel Academy to hold assets up to $10,000 (same Act as directly below).
On December 18, 1819, the South Carolina General Assembly passed an Act, which included the incorporation of the Yorkville Female Academy, and named six (6) trustees of said academy. The Act also authorized assets up to $30,000. The Act also authorized the trustees to raise up to $10,000 via a lottery.
On December 20, 1821, the South Carolina General Assembly passed an Act, which included the incorporation of the Ebenezer Academy in the York District (Section IV), and named five (5) trustees.
On December 18, 1824, the South Carolina General Assembly passed an Act, which vested escheated property, up to $10,000 in value, of the York District in the Ebenezer Academy. Named Minor Sadler as escheator in charge of this.
On December 18, 1844, the South Carolina General Assembly passed an Act, which included the re-incorporation of the Bethel Academy of the York District for an additional fourteen (14) years (Section V).
On December 19, 1848, the South Carolina General Assembly passed an Act, which renewed the charter of the Ebenezer Academy for an additional fourteen (14) years (Section IX).
On December 20, 1850, the South Carolina General Assembly passed an Act, which included the incorporation of The Church and School at the Nation Ford in the York District, and chartered the School for fourteen (14) years (Sections I & II).
On December 21, 1854, the South Carolina General Assembly passed an Act, which included the incorporation of the Yorkville Female Institute at Yorkville in the York District, named thirteen (13) trustees, and chartered the institute for twenty-one (21) years (Sections I - VI).

46-52 - YORKVILLE FEMALE INSTITUTE / YORK GRADED SCHOOL

Yorkville Female Institute or Yorkville Female College was the first school here, where private schools and then public schools operated 1854-1987. The institute, founded in 1852, opened in 1854 and built a three-story brick school. During the Civil War it housed refugees for a few years as classes were held on and off site. Yorkville High School, a private boys’ and girls’ school, operated here 1882-1888.

Yorkville Graded School, a public school, occupied the old institution 1889-1900. It burned, and a new brick school was built in 1902, with an east wing and theater added in 1922. This became an elementary school after a new high school was built in 1951. In 1973 it was renamed to honor George C. McCelvey (1888-1973), principal 1912-1948. Since the school closed in 1987, McCelvey Center has been used by the community and the Culture & Heritage Museums of York County.

Micah Jenkins and Asbury Coward, graduates of The Citadel in Charleston, founded this Yorkville school in 1855. Closed during the Civil War, it was re-opened in 1866 by Coward, who later became head of S.C. Military Academy. The school closed permanently shortly before 1909, when the property was sold to the Episcopal Church Home.

Micah Jenkins, born 1835 at Edisto Island, graduated from The Citadel with first honors in 1854. Leaving King's Mountain Military School to enter the Confederate Army, he became known as a brave and daring leader, fighting through many significant battles and becoming brigadier general in 1862. He was killed at the Battle of the Wilderness, Virginia in 1864.

On December 21, 1857, the South Carolina General Assembly passed an Act, which included the renewal of the charter for the Bethel Male Academy in the York District (Section VI).
On February 9, 1882, the South Carolina General Assembly passed an Act to incorporate the King's Mountain Military School at Yorkville in York County, named Asbury Coward as the Principal, authorized assets up to $100,000, and that the professors and cadets of the school were to constitute a military battalion attached to the Eighth Brigade of South Carolina State Volunteer troops.
On December 23, 1884, the South Carolina General Assembly passed an Act to authorize the voters in the McConnellsville School District of York County to decide upon an additional special school tax not to exceed two (2) mills on real and personal property.
On December 19, 1887, the South Carolina General Assembly passed an Act to authorize the Town Council of Rock Hill, in York County, to issue bonds up to $7,000 to purchase lots and construct school houses within the town of Rock Hill, SC. Also on December 19, 1887, the South Carolina General Assembly passed another Act to establish a special school district in York County, to be known as the Rock Hill School District, named seven (7) trustees, and authorized voters to decide upon an additional special school tax not to exceed two (2) mills on real and personal property.
On December 23, 1887, the South Carolina General Assembly passed an Act to establish a new special school district in the town of Blacks, within York County, and authorized voters to decided upon an additional special school tax not to exceed four (4) mills on real and personal property. On December 24, 1888, the South Carolina General Assembly passed an Act to amend the Act of 12/23/1887, by renaming the school district as the School District of the Town of Blacksburg, and redefining the boundaries of said school district. On December 24, 1892, the South Carolina General Assembly passed an Act to amend the Acts of 12/23/1887 and 12/24/1888, by redefining the boundaries of the Blacksburg School District. On January 5, 1895, the South Carolina General Assembly passed an Act to amend the Act of 12/23/1887, by redefining the election of trustees for said school district.

Rock Hill High School has its origins in the Rock Hill Graded School, opened in 1888 for grades 1-9. The name Rock Hill High was first used in 1907-08 for a boys' school housed in the former Presbyterian High School. A property dispute closed the school after a year; its students returned to Rock Hill Graded School. In 1914 a new coeducational Rock Hill High School was built here with students in grades 8-10.

Grade 11 was added in 1917 and grade 12 was added in 1948. Additions or new buildings were constructed 1923-1952. Agriculture and commercial courses were added to standard courses, as were music, art, sports, and other activities. Rock Hill High and Sullivan Jr. High on Eden Terrace traded buildings in 1965. A new Rock Hill High was built on Springdale Rd. in 1977; the 1914 school was torn down in 1978.

On December 22, 1888, the South Carolina General Assembly passed an Act to establish a special school district in the town of Yorkville, in York County, named seven (7) trustees, and authorized voters to decide upon an additional special school tax not to exceed two (2) mills on real and personal property. The Act also authorized the trustees to issue bonds up to $4,000 to be used in purchasing or erecting suitable school buildings and in providing suitable furniture and apparatus for the same. On December 23, 1889, the South Carolina General Assembly passed an Act to amend the Act of 12/22/1888, by changing the dates for annual meetings and when annual reports are due to be submitted. On March 2, 1897, the South Carolina General Assembly passed an Act to amend the Acts of 12/22/188 and 12/23/1889, by ordering the election of eight (8) new trustees and clarifying their roles.
On December 24, 1888, the South Carolina General Assembly passed an Act to authorize the Town Council of Blacksburg, in York County, to issue bonds up to $4,000 for the purpose of erecting or purchasing a school building or buildings and the necessary grounds, improving and furnishing the same, including a teacher's residence, if deemed necessary, within the incorporate limits of said town.
Also on December 23, 1889, the South Carolina General Assembly passed another Act to establish a special school district in York County, to be known as the Fort Mill School District, named nine (9) trustees, and authorized voters to decide upon an additional special school tax not to exceed two (2) mills on real and personal property. The Act also provided that the right to use the Fort Mill Academy building, situated in said school district, be vested in said Board of Trustees and their successors for the use of said school district. The Act also named the Philadelphia School House on Tuckasege Ford Road.
On December 23, 1890, the South Carolina General Assembly passed an Act authorizing the Town Council of the town of Blacksburg, in York County, to issue additional bonds up to $750 for the purpose of purchasing lands and buildings, and of erecting buildings and other improvements for educational purposes within said town.
On December 24, 1890, the South Carolina General Assembly passed an Act to authorize the Town Council of Rock Hill, in York County, to issue bonds up to $7,000 for the purpose of purchasing land and erecting houses for school purposes within the Town of Rock Hill and properly furnishing the same within the corporate limits of said town. May also levy a special tax to pay the interest on said bonds, but must be approved by the voters.
Also on December 24, 1890, the South Carolina General Assembly passed another Act to establish a new special school district in York County, to be known as the Bethesda School District in Bethesda Township, and defined its boundaries.
Also on December 24, 1890, the South Carolina General Assembly passed another Act to establish a new special school district in York County, to be known as the Shiloh School District, with Shiloh Church at its center, and defined its boundaries.
Also on December 24, 1890, the South Carolina General Assembly passed another Act to establish a new special school district in York County, to be known as the Tirzah School District in the town of Tirzah, named seven (7) trustees, and authorized voters to decide upon an additional special school tax not to exceed two and a half (2-1/2) mills on real and personal property. On December 24, 1894, the South Carolina General Assembly passed an Act to amend the Act of 12/24/1890, by redefining the boundaries of the Tirzah School District, and named three (3) new trustees for said school district.
On December 23, 1891, the South Carolina General Assembly passed an Act to establish a new institution for the practical training and higher education of white girls, as a branch of the State University, to be known as "The South Carolina Industrial and Winthrop Normal College," and for towns and counties to provide a proposal of why this new college should be built in their location. This new college was to begin in Columbia, SC. It later moved to Rock Hill in York County.
Also on December 23, 1891, the South Carolina General Assembly passed an Act to incorporate the Presbyterian High School, a training school for boys, located in the town of Rock Hill in York County. The Act also named nine (9) trustees, and authorized assets up to $200,000.
On December 24, 1892, the South Carolina General Assembly passed an Act to establish a new special school district in York County, to be known as the Ebenezer School District, with Ebenezer Academy at its center, in the town of Ebenezerville, named seven (7) trustees, and authorized voters to decide upon an additional special school tax not to exceed two (2) mills on real and personal property.
On December 21, 1894, the South Carolina General Assembly passed an Act to authorize convict labor to used in completing the buildings of the new campus for the Winthrop Normal and Industrial College of South Carolina being constructed at Rock Hill, in York County. The Act also appropriated $20,000 for completion of all ongoing work. $33,026 appropriated for previous work done. $12,650 appropriated for furniture, fixtures, and equipment.

Clinton Junior College, affiliated with the A.M.E. Zion Church, was founded in 1894 by Revs. Nero Crockett and W.M. Robinson as Clinton Institute. Named for Bishop Isom C. Clinton, it featured primary and secondary courses as well as a two-year college program. It became Clinton Junior College in 1965. Dr. Sallie V. Moreland (ca. 1898-2000) served 48 years as president of the college from 1946 to 1994.

On March 9, 1896, the South Carolina General Assembly passed an Act authorizing each county in the State as many scholarships as they have State Representatives for students to go to the Winthrop Normal and Industrial College at Rock Hill in York County.
Also on March 9, 1896, the South Carolina General Assembly passed a Joint Resolution for the State Penitentiary to provide ten (10) convicts to the Winthrop Normal and Industrial College at Rock Hill in York County to finalize all construction at said college.
On March 5, 1897, the South Carolina General Assembly passed an Act for the State Penitentiary to provide fifteen (15) convicts to the Winthrop Normal and Industrial College at Rock Hill in York County, and to provide twenty (20) convicts to the State Hospital for the Insane to finalize construction at these facilities.
On February 21, 1898, the South Carolina General Assembly passed an Act to require the County Treasurers of Spartanburg, Union, and York Counties to transfer certain appropriate public school funds to the recently-created Cherokee County.
On March 1, 1899, the South Carolina General Assembly passed an Act to incorporate the Associate Reform Presbyterian Orphanage in York County, named four (4) trustees, and authorized assets up to $500,000, with the purpose of supporting and educating orphan children all across the State.
On March 2, 1899, the South Carolina General Assembly passed an Act to fix the number and to regulate the terms of office of the Boards of Trustees for the South Carolina College in Columbia, the Winthrop Normal and Industrial College of South Carolina in Rock Hill, and the Board of Visitors for the South Carolina Military Academy (aka The Citadel) in Charleston, and to limit the compensation thereof.
On February 17, 1900, the South Carolina General Assembly passed and Act to appropriate an additional $35,000 to build more dormitories at the Winthrop Normal and Industrial College at Rock Hill in York County. The Act asserted that there was a "great overflow of South Carolina girls, applying annually from every county in the State for admission.."
 
 
 
 
 

Hickory Grove School, a two ~ story brick building constructed in 1916 on Peachtree St., was built for grades 1 ~ 11. In 1928 Hickory Grove High School, a one ~ story brick building, was constructed at the corner of Wylie Ave. and Wilkerson St. as a separate high school. The Works Progress Administration built a teacherage, bus shed, vocational building, and lunchroom in 1939.

The high school and elementary school closed in 1975 and 1998, respectively. The 1916 elementary school was demolished in 1998; the 1928 high school was demolished in 1990. The 1939 vocational building, lunchroom, and bus shed are still standing. In 2010 the vocational building houses a magistrate’s office, and the lunchroom houses a senior citizens’/community center.

This school, founded in 1920, was the first public school for blacks in Rock Hill. Named for Emmett J. Scott (1873-1957), a prominent educator who was then secretary of Howard University, Emmett Scott School included all twelve grades until 1956 and was a junior high and high school from 1956 until South Carolina schools were desegregated in 1970. The original two-story frame school, built in 1920, was demolished in 1952.

This property is owned by the City of Rock Hill and has been a neighborhood recreation center since the school closed in 1970. Seven principals served the Emmett Scott School during its fifty-year existence:

Frank H. Neal 1920-1924
L. B. Moore 1924-1938
Ralph W. McGirt 1938-1959
W. H. Witherspoon 1959-1967
George Land 1967
Richard Boulware 1968
Samuel Foster 1969-1970

St. Anne’s Church, the first Catholic church in York County, was founded in 1919 by the Rev. William A. Tobin of Columbia. The first building, erected on Saluda Street in 1920, closed in 1961. St. Anne’s opened its first parochial school in the church rectory in 1951, with 17 pupils in the kindergarten and first grade. A second grade was added in 1952. A new St. Anne’s School opened here in 1956.

In 1954 St. Anne’s became the first school in S.C. to integrate, when it enrolled 5 students from St. Mary’s, the predominantly African-American Catholic church in Rock Hill. The school included grades 1-8 by 1957, and by 1961 had 15 black students enrolled. Worship services for St. Anne’s Church were held in the school auditorium 1982-1994. In 1998, St. Anne School moved to a new facility on Bird Street.

 
 
 
 
 


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