James Burchill Richardson

11th Governor of the State of South Carolina 1802 to 1804

       
Date Born: October 28, 1770

Date Died: April 28, 1836

Place Born: Camden District, SC

Place Buried: Clarendon County

Residence: Clarendon County    

Occupation: Planter/Horse Breeder


James Burchill Richardson was born on October 28, 1770, the son of famed Revolutionary War Brigadier General Richard Richardson, Sr. of the South Carolina Militia and his second wife Dorothea Sinkler. His half-brother was Richard Richardson, Jr., who was the Colonel/Commandant over the Berkeley County Regiment of Militia after the Fall of Charlestown during the American Revolution, and served under Brig. Gen. Francis Marion until the end of the war.

James Burchill Richardson was born in the Camden District, near what later became the town of Rimini and in what later became Clarendon County, South Carolina. At that point in time, most considered this area to be part of the old Craven County, which had been abolished but not forgotten. He first married Ann Cantey Sinkler on May 10, 1791, and they had nine known daughters and four known sons. He married a second time to his first wife's sister, Sarah Cantey Sinkler and they had no known children. He married a third time to Rebecca Cooper and they had at least one known son.

He was a trustee of the public schools of Clarendon Orphan Society in 1798, a trustee of South Carolina College from 1801 to 1804, and again from 1809 to 1813, and director of the Bank of the State of South Carolina in 1812.

Big Home Plantation was the Richardson family home.

In 1792, James Burchill Richardson was first elected to represent Clarendon District in the House of Representatives of the:
- 10th General Assembly that met from 1792-1794
- 11th General Assembly that met from 1794-1795
- 12th General Assembly that met from 1796-1797
- 13th General Assembly that met from 1798-1799
- 14th General Assembly that met from 1800-1801
- 15th General Assembly that met from 1802-1804

In the last assembly above, he was elected by the legislature as the next governor of South Carolina on December 8, 1802, and had to give up his seat in the House. During his administration, vaccination was introduced to South Carolina by Dr. Ramsey, and there was a notable increase in the cultivation of cotton in the state. The legislature also repealed laws against the traffic of slaves, but prohibited the importation of slaves under the age of fifteen from other states. In 1803, the Charleston Courier newspaper was renamed to the Charleston Post & Courier.

In 1804, he was again elected to represent Clarendon District in the House of Representatives of the:
- 16th General Assembly that met from 1804-1805

In 1806, he was first elected to represent the Clarendon and Claremont District in the SC Senate of the:
- 17th General Assembly that met from 1806-1808
- 18th General Assembly that met from 1808-1809

In 1810, he was first elected to represent Clarendon District in the SC Senate of the:
- 19th General Assembly that met from 1810-1812
- 20th General Assembly that met from 1812-1813

In the last assembly above, he was elected President Pro Tempore of the Senate in a Special Session. He was then elected Director of the Bank of South Carolina on December 19, 1812. He resigned from the Senate on December 8, 1813.

In 1816, he was again elected to represent Clarendon District in the House of Representatives of the:
- 22nd General Assembly that met from 1816-1817.

James Burchill Richardson died at the family home on April 28, 1836. His tombstone has his middle named spelled as Burchell, but everyone pretty much agrees it was Burchill.


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