Johnson Hagood

50th Governor of the State of South Carolina 1880 to 1882

Date Born: February 21, 1829

Date Died: January 4, 1898

Place Born: Barnwell District, SC

Place Buried: Church of the Holy Apostles Episcopal Cemetery in Barnwell, SC

Residence: Barnwell District, SC

Occupation: Planter, Brigadier General in Confederate Army


Richmond Academy - Augusta, GA

The Citadel: Graduated first in class 1847

Comptroller General of South Carolina: 1876-1880

1850 – Hagood was admitted to the bar but never practiced law

The Citadel's Johnson Hagood Stadium, located on Hagood Avenue in Charleston, was named for Gov. Johnson Hagood


Johnson Hagood was born in the Barnwell District on February 21, 1828, the son of Dr. James O'Hear Hagood and Indiana M. (Allen) Hagood. He was educated at Richmond Academy in Augusta, GA, and then later graduated from The Citadel in 1847 at the top of his class.

Hagood had studied law and was admitted to the bar, but never practiced law. Instead he became a planter. He prefered plantation life above everything else. He was also intensely loyal to The Citadel. The Citadel's Johnson Hagood Stadium is named in his honor.

In 1854, Johnson Hagood married Eloise Brevard Butler, daughter of Judge Andrew Pickens Butler and Harriett (Hayne) Butler, and they had two known children.

When the America Civil War broke out, Johnson Hagood raised the 1st SC Volunteers, of which he was elected Colonel. In May of 1862, he was made a Brigadier General and was at the battle of First Bull Run. He later took part in the military operations around Charleston and in the battle of Secessionville, he was heavily engaged in the defense of Fort Wagner during Maj. Gen. Quincy Adams Gilmore's 2nd Siege of Charleston in the late summer of 1863. In May of 1864, Brig. Gen. Johnson Hagood was ordered to Petersburg, VA, and on the way his brigade of 1,500 men and 1,000 men of Brig. Gen. Bushrod Johnson's Tennesse Brigade met and repulsed five brigades of Maj. Gen. Benjamin Franklin Butler's army at Walthall Junction in Virginia.

Near the close of 1864, Brig. Gen. Johnson Hagood operated in and around Wilmington, NC, and in early 1865 he and his men were at the battles of Kinston and Bentonville in North Carolina. His command surrendered with Gen. Joseph E. Johnston to Gen. William Tecomseh Sherman near Greensboro, NC.

He served as Comptroller General of South Carolina from 1876-1880 and as Governor from 1880-82. During his term as Governor the General Assembly passed a law that disqualified anyone participating in a duel from holding public office.

Of Hagood it is said "There have been greater men, but none truer, none cleaner, higher, and more unalterable in doing the right as he saw it; and he saw with clearness and accuracy."

Johnson Hagood died on January 4, 1898 and is buried at the Church of the Holy Apostles Episcopal cemetery in Barnwell, SC.


Johnson Hagood was born in the Barnwell District, SC. After graduating from The Citadel in Charleston, he studied law under a judge and was admitted to the SC Bar in 1850. The following year he was appointed Deputy Adjutant General of the SC Militia as well as being elected Commissioner in Equity for the Barnwell District. During the American Civil War he was named Colonel of the 1st South Carolina Regiment, earning a promotion to Brigadier General. In addition to practicing law and engaging in planting, he was first President of the SC Agricultural and Mechanical Society and chaired the Board of Visitors at The Citadel for fourteen years. An unsuccessful candidate for the U.S. House of Representatives, he served as Vice President of the Democratic State Convention of 1876 and as South Carolina's Comptroller General from 1876 to 1880. During his single term as governor, he focused on stimulating the state's economy and sought to end formal dueling among state politicians through the enactment of legislation disqualifying any person from holding public office if they had acted as a principal or second in a duel. Hagood chose not to run for a second term, instead returning to his plantation near Barnwell. He did, however, serve twice as chairman of the State Board of Agriculture.

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