Richard Irvine Manning

20th Governor of the State of South Carolina 1824 to 1826

Date Born: May 1, 1789

Date Died: May 1, 1836

Place Born: Claremont County (what later became Sumter County), SC

Place Buried: Trinity Episcopal Churchyard in Columbia, SC

Residence: Sumter County, SC

Occupation: Planter, Captain in SC Militia


South Carolina College (now the University of South Carolina): Graduated 1811

South Carolina House of Representatives: 1820-1822

South Carolina Senate: 1822-1824

US House of Representatives: 1834-1836

1830: Manning unsuccessfully sought re-election to the governor's office

1834: Manning succeeded to membership in the US House of Representatives at the death of Representative James Blair and was elected to a full term later the same year

Gilman Plantation was Manning's home


Richard Irvine Manning was born on May 1, 1789 in Claremont County (what later became Sumter County), the son of Laurence Manning and Susannah (Richardson) Manning. He received his education at Mount Bethel Academy in Newberry District. In 1811, he graduated from South Carolina College where he was a member of the Clariosophic Society. He served as a Captain of Artillery in the South Carolina militia during the War of 1812. After the war, he engaged in planting on Hickory Hill Plantation in Clarendon County.

Sometime in 1814, he married Elizabeth Peyre Richardson, daughter of John Peter Richardson and Floride Bonneau Peyre Richardson. They had nine children.

In 1822, Richard Irvine Manning was first elected to represent the Clarendon District in the House of Representatives of the:
- 25th General Assembly that met from 1822-1823
- 26th General Assembly that met from 1824-1825

On December 3, 1824, this legislature elected him as the next governor of South Carolina and he had to give up his seat in the House. During his two-year term, Gov. Manning advocated the reform of the slavery laws by pushing for an end of execution by burning and to have capital cases tried by jury at a courthouse.

Upon leaving office in 1826, Manning remained active in politics and participated in the Union Party in opposition to the Nullifier Party. He made an unsuccessful run for the U.S. Congress in 1826 and was also unsuccessful in his bid for another term as governor in 1830.

In 1830, Richard Irvine Manning was first elected to represent the Clarendon District in the SC Senate of the:
- 29th General Assembly that met from 1830-1831
- 30th General Assembly that met from 1832-1833

He was elected to represent Clarendon District at the Nullification Convention of 1832-1833 - he voted against the Ordinance.

Manning won a special election in 1834 as a Jacksonian (Union Democrate) to fill the seat of the 8th U.S. Congressional District caused by the death of James Blair. He was re-elected in 1834, but he died in Philadelphia on May 1, 1836 (his 47th birthday) prior to the completion of the term. Manning was interred at the Trinity Episcopal churchyard in Columbia.


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