The American Revolution in South Carolina

 

Signers of the Declaration of Independence
 

 

Timeline of Key Events
 
           
   

   

 Forts in South Carolina

The Known Battles & Skirmishes
       
       
       

 The Patriots and Their Forces

The British Forces & Their Allies / Loyalists 
       
       
           
 

 Maps of Revolutionary War Battles in South Carolina
 
           

Key Roads & Rivers During the Revolution 

 South Carolina Districts During the Revolution
           
 

SC Government During the Revolution
 

South Carolina, like her sister colony to the north, saw the rise of partisan groups over the years before the outbreak of fighting with Britain. The "Tories" or Loyalists were the conservative force, grateful for the protection afforded their commercial interests by the British navy. "Whigs," the Patriot element, included leading merchants, were energized in opposition to the British policies put forth in the Stamp Act, Townshend Acts, and the Boston Port Bill.

Well over 200 land engagements (battles and skirmishes) took place in South Carolina during the war for independence. The first major battle centered around British efforts to seize Charlestown in June of 1776, when the Americans held off the combined land and sea forces at the battle of Fort Moultrie. A second British assault failed in 1779, but a third attempt on Charlestown in the Spring of 1780 succeeded.

American forces suffered a serious setback in the battle of Camden in August of 1780. General Horatio Gates’ nighttime march failed to surprise the British. The Patriots suffered nearly 1,000 soldiers killed or wounded and about the same number captured. The resulting withdrawal left most of South Carolina in British hands.

The tide turned in the Patriots’ favor in the victories at Kings Mountain (October 1780) and Cowpens (January 1781). Later in 1781, Continental Army Major General Nathanael Greene commenced a drive that pushed the main British force out of South Carolina, through North Carolina, and into Virginia. Smaller British contingents remained behind and participated in the continuing struggle between the Patriot and Loyalist soldiers. 


 

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