The American Revolution in South Carolina

15-Mile House

July 11, 1781


Patriot Cdr:

Col. Wade Hampton
British Cdr:

Unknown
Killed:

0
Killed:

0
Wounded:

Unknown
Wounded:

Unknown
Captured:

0
Captured:

Unknown
Old District: 

Charles Town District
Present County:

Charleston County

Skirmish, Col. Wade Hampton vs. British 11 July, 1781.


Col. Wade Hampton was ordered by Brigadier General Thomas Sumter to ride towards Biggin Creek Bridge and harass any British posts in the area. He attacked 15-Mile House, so named because it was 15 miles from Charlestown. William Brotherton wrote in his pension "They had a skirmish at the 15-Mile House and took prisoners but no person was killed."

Col. Hampton continued on to the Goose Creek Bridge raided the next post, the 10-Mile House. Brotherton wrote that for a second time "no person was killed."


Brigadier General Thomas Sumter was given command of an expedition that was later named "Raid of the Dog Days" by William Gilmore Simms. This name was given because the "Dog Days of Summer" is a typical Southern expression for the hot and sultry period of late Summer. The British "Regular" soldiers could not make a full day's march without perishing from the heat, whereas the Patriots were quite accustomed to the heat and humidity.

Brigadier General Sumter sent out most of his cavalry units down all the roads leading to the lowcountry, while he came behind with the infantry units. His objective was to cut off all relief routes to Moncks Corner.

Lt. Col. Henry Lee was sent to the British outpost at Dorchester. Lt. Col. Henry Hampton seized the bridge across Four Holes Swamp to stop any reinforcements from Orangeburgh. Lt. Col. Hezekiah Maham rode down the east side of the Cooper River to burn the bridge over Wadboo Creek so that Col. Francis, Lord Rawdon would not be able to use it to get supplies from Charlestown, and to hinder Coates's movements. Lt. Col. Peter Horry and Col. Edward Lacey were sent to reinforce Lt. Col. Maham near Wadboo Bridge.

Col. Wade Hampton was ordered down the Charlestown Road to harass the British along his way, with a purpose of rendezvousing with the others at Biggin Creek Bridge, only to find it still held by the British. Along his way, Col. Hampton hit the 15-Mile House, the 10-Mile House, the Goose Creek Bridge, St. James Goose Creek Church, the Quarter House, and Strawberry Ferry.

Known Patriot Participants

Known British/Loyalist Participants

SC 1st Regiment of State Dragoons (State Troops) led by Col. Wade Hampton, with five (5) known companies, led by:
- Capt. William Alexander
- Capt. Peter Burns
- Capt. James Giles
- Capt. John Reed
- Capt. John Wright

New Acquisition District Regiment of Militia detachment of three (3) known companies, led by:
- Capt. William Carr
- Capt. Robert Hanna
- Capt. William Hanna

Unknown number of British led by "Unknown" Commanding Officer

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