The American Revolution in South Carolina

Hobkirk's Hill

April 25, 1781


Patriot Cdr:

Major General
Nathanael Greene
British Cdr:

Col. Francis, Lord Rawdon
Killed:

21
Killed:

39
Wounded:

113
Wounded:

210
Captured:

47
Captured:

Unk
Old District: 

Camden District
Present County:

Kershaw County

aka Hobkirk Hill.


The battle of Hobkirk's Hill was fought on April 25th between the British garrison forces at Camden, commanded by Col. Francis, Lord Rawdon, and Patriot forces commanded by Major General Nathanael Greene. The location of the battle site at the time was a couple of miles north of the town of Camden. An interesting fact is that NO South Carolina military unit participated in this significant engagement on their native soil.

The British/Provincial forces consisting of 800-950 men were much smaller in number than Major General Greene's Army of over 1,200-1,500 troops; nevertheless, they gave a good account of themselves and the Patriots, narrowly avoiding being routed, ended up withdrawing and leaving the field of battle to the enemy. However, due to Lord Rawdon's inability to replenish his losses, he soon abandoned Camden and withdrew to a consolidated position at Charlestown. Shortly thereafter, Lord Rawdon sailed back to England.

The battle was a tactical British victory but Lord Rawdon was forced to withdraw within two weeks or so.


According to Benson J. Lossing in his Pictorial Field-Book of the Revolution, the Patriots had 18 killed and 248 wounded or missing; the British had 38 killed and 258 wounded.

Known Patriot Participants 

Known British/Loyalist Participants

Major General Nathanael Greene - Commanding Officer

MD Continental Brigade led by Col. Otho Williams with two regiments:

MD 1st Regiment led by Lt. Col. John Gunby with the following known companies:
- 1st Company - Capt. William Beatty
- 2nd Company - Capt. "Unknown"
- 3rd Company - Capt. Isaac Duval
- 4th Company - Capt. Peter Jacquett
- 5th Company - Capt. Edward Edgerly
- 6th Company - Capt. "Unknown"
- 7th Company - Capt. Perry Benson
- Capt. Walter Muse
- Capt. Jonathan Gibson

MD 2nd Regiment led by Lt. Col. Benjamin Ford with two (2) known companies, led by:
- Capt.-Lt. James Bruff
- Capt. Mark McPherson

VA Continental Brigade led by Brigadier General Isaac Huger with two regiments and one Light Infantry company:

VA 1st Regiment led by Lt. Col. Richard Campbell with the following seven (7) known companies, led by:
- Capt.-Lt. Phillip Sansum
- Capt. Thomas Bowyer
- Capt. John Crawford
- Capt. Archibald Denham
- Capt. Robert Jouett
- Capt. Conway Oldham
- Capt. David Williams

VA 2nd Regiment led by Lt. Col. Samuel Hawes with the following three (3) known companies, led by:
- Capt. John Winston
- Capt. Huffman
- Capt. John Anderson

VA Light Infantry Company led by Capt. Simon Morgan

Delaware 1st Company (Continentals) led by Capt. Robert Kirkwood

3rd Regiment of Continental Dragoons (VA) led by Lt. Col. William Washington, with 87 men and the following known officers:
- Major Richard Call
- Capt. William Parsons
- Capt. Walker Baylor

1st Regiment of Continental Dragoons (VA) detachment of one (1) known company, led by:
- Capt. John Watts

1st Continental Artillery Regiment of Virginia led by Col. Charles Harrison with 40 men and three 6-pounders

1st NC Regiment of Continentals detachment led by Major Pinketham Eaton with two (2) known companies, led by:
- Capt. Griffith John McRee
- Capt. Edward Yarborough (of 3rd NC Regiment)

NC Light Horse Regiment (NC State Troops) led by Col. James Read and Lt. Col. Guilford Dudley, with twelve (12) known companies, led by:
- Capt. Jesse Basey
- Capt. Asa Bryan
- Lt. Williamson, leading Capt. Jesse Bryan's company (Capt. Bryan was on a special mission)
- Capt. Samuel Crowell
- Capt. Elijah Denby
- Capt. William Dunn
- Capt. Samuel Espey
- Capt. James Evans
- Capt. William Hicks
- Capt. Horne
- Capt. Nicholas Long, Jr.
- Capt. Robinson

Burke County Regiment of Militia (NC) detachment of one (1) known company, led by:
- Capt. John Bickerstaff

Rowan County Regiment of Militia (NC) detachment of one (1) known company, led by:
- Capt. Daniel Bryson

Lincoln County Regiment of Militia (NC) detachment of one (1) known company, led by:
- Capt. John Culbertson

Mecklenburg County Regiment of Militia (NC) detachment of one (1) known company, led by:
- Capt. William Nesbitt

Guilford County Regiment of Militia (NC) detachment of one (1) known company, led by:
- Capt. John Nelson

Martin County Regiment of Militia (NC) detachment led by Major John Everett, with one (1) known company, led by:
- Capt. John Kennedy

Edgecombe County Regiment of Militia (NC) detachment of one (1) known company, led by:
- Capt. Tyre Harris

Nash County Regiment of Militia (NC) detachment of one (1) known company, led by:
- Capt. William Williams

Craven County Regiment of Militia (NC) detachment of one (1) known company, led by:
- Capt. William Windham

Franklin County Regiment of Militia (NC) detachment of one (1) known company, led by:
- Capt. Benjamin Eaves

Warren County Regiment of Militia (NC) detachment of one (1) known company, led by:
- Capt. George Nasworthy

Dobbs County Regiment of Militia (NC) detachment of one (1) known company, led by:
- Capt. John Grainger

Caswell County Regiment of Militia (NC) detachment of one (1) known company, led by:
- Capt. Benjamin Douglas

Wake County Regiment of Militia (NC) detachment of one (1) known company, led by:
- Capt. Francis Jones (not definite he was here - some say yes, others say no)

Reserves

Irish Light Infantry detachment led by Capt. John Smith with 45 men


Total Patriot Forces - 1,200 to 1,500

Col. Francis, Lord Rawdon - Commanding Officer

63rd Regiment of Foot detachment led by Capt. Hayes St. Ledger

Royal Regiment of Artillery, 4th Battalion led by Lt. Francis Laye with 50 men and two 6-pounders

Volunteers of Ireland led by Major John Campbell with the following known units:
- Major John Doyle with 39 men
- Col. Rawdon's Company - Capt. Charles Bingham with 47 men
- Lt. Col. Doyle's Company - Lt. Hugh Gillespie with 30 men
- Maj. Campbell's Grenadier Company - Lt. James Moffitt with 53 men
- Capt. William Barry's Company - Lt. Harmon Black with 40 men
- Capt. John McMahon's Company - Lt. Thomas Proctor with 42 men
- Capt. William Blacker with 45 men
- Capt. James King with 36 men
- Capt. Henry Munro with 40 men
- Capt. Charles Vallancy with 43 men
- Light Infantry Company - Lt. Thomas Lindsay

King's American Regiment led by Lt. Col. George Campbell with the following known units:
- Lt. Colonel's Company - Lt. Dugald Campbell with 23 men
- Col. Edmund Fanning's Company - 32 men
- Black Pioneers - 5 men
- Major James Grant's Company - 28 men
- Capt. Robert Gray's Company - 30 men
- Capt. John Livingston's Company - 25 men
- Capt. Isaac Atwood's Company - Ensign Abel Hardenbrook with 29 men
- Capt. Thomas Chapman with 17 men
- Capt. Peter Clements with 17 men
- Capt. DePeyster's Grenadier Company - Lt. Stephen Justice with 23 men
- Lt. Col. Turnbull's Company - Lt. Thomas Walker with 36 men
- Capt. William Gray with 30 men
- Capt. William Johnston's Company - Lt. Alexander Johnston with 22 men
- Capt. Bernard Kane's Company - Lt. John McGregor with 33 men

Convalescents - Capt. Morris Robertson

NY Volunteers led by Brevet Major John Coffin, with Capt. Bernard Kane

SC Royalists led by Major Thomas Fraser with the following known units:
- Major Thomas Fraser's Company - 36 men
- Col. Alexander Innis's Company - Lt. Daniel Cornwell with 60 men
- Lt. Col. Robinson's Company - Lt. Moses Whitley with 11 men
- Capt. George Dawkins with 39 men
- Capt. Robert Pearis with 16 men
- Capt. Charles Stewart Lindsay with 59 men
- Capt. Ludwig Kienen with 11 men
- Capt. Martin Livingston with 37 men
- Capt. Alexander Campbell with 58 men


Total British / Provincial / Loyalist Forces - 950

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