The American Revolution in South Carolina

Cheraw

December 26, 1780 (?)


Patriot Cdr:

Brigadier General (Pro Tempore) Henry William Harrington (NC)
Loyalist/British Cdr:

Lt. Col. Robert Gray
Killed:

Unknown
Killed:

Unknown
Wounded:

Unknown
Wounded:

Unknown
Captured:

Unknown
Captured:

Unknown
Old District: 

Cheraws District
Present County:

Chesterfield County

Major General Nathanael Greene ordered Brigadier General (Pro Tempore) Henry William Harrington (NC Salisbury District Brigade of Militia) to attack Lt. Col. Robert Gray and British Major Thomas Fraser at Cheraw. Major General Greene also sent orders for Col. Francis Marion to join in on this attack, but Col. Marion did not get the orders in time. Little more is known except that Brigadier General (Pro Tempore) Henry William Harrington ended up taking the small town of Cheraw away from the British and Loyalists there. What happened to them is currently unknown. Brigadier General Harrington established a POW camp there, where many captured British and Loyalists were sent soon after Cheraw was seized by the Patriots on this date.


The source for the above may have things out of order. From most accounts, Brigadier General (Pro Tempore) Henry William Harrington most likely seized the town of Cheraw from the British much earlier, like in mid-October of 1780. So, the orders from Major General Nathanael Greene could not have happened since he did not arrive in North Carolina until late November and formally took command of the Southern Department on December 4th while in Charlotte.

Furthermore, Brigadier General (Pro Tempore) Henry William Harrington resigned on November 3, 1780 because the NC Board of War appointed William Lee Davidson to the same position he currently held, without informing Harrington that he was no longer needed. Harrington continued to support the Patriot cause, even after his resignation.



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