The American Revolution in South Carolina

  Cherokee Towns

  August 8-11, 1776


Patriot Cdr:

Major Andrew Williamson
British Cdr:

None
Killed:

Unknown
Killed:

Unknown
Wounded:

Unknown
Wounded:

Unknown
Captured:

Unknown
Captured:

Unknown
Old District: 

Ninety-Six District
Present Counties:

Oconee County, Pickens County

To inflict suitable chastisement upon the Cherokees, several expeditions were at once made into their territories. Colonel McBury and Major Jack, from Georgia, entered the Indian settlements on Tugaloo, defeated the enemy, and destroyed all their towns on that river.

Major Andrew Williamson, of South Carolina, early in July of 1776 began to embody the Militia in the western portion of that state, and before the end of that month was at the head of an army of eleven hundred and fifty men, marching to meet Cameron, who was, with a large body of Esseneca Indians and disaffected white men, encamped at Oconoree. The first battle was Seneca Town on August 1st, then the Patriots set up a base camp at 23 Mile Creek so they could launch additional attacks against the Cherokees in the area.

After marching for two days, Major Williamson's forces destroyed the Lower Cherokee settlements of Keowee, Sugar Town, and Cheowee. Within another three days, this group also destroyed Jocassee and Brass Town, while a separate group went after other Indian towns in the neighborhood.

Encountering and defeating this body of the enemy, he destroyed their town and a large amount of provisions. He burned Sugar Town, Soconec, Keowee, Ostatoy, and Brass Town. He proceeded next against Tamassee, Chehokee, and Eustustie, where, observing a recent trail of the enemy, he made pursuit and soon met and vanquished three hundred of their warriors. These towns he afterwards destroyed.

Known Patriot Participants

Known British/Loyalist Participants

Major Andrew Williamson - Commanding Officer

Ninety-Six District Regiment of Militia led by Major Andrew Williamson with twelve (12) known companies, led by:
- Capt. James Baskin
- Capt. James Butler, Sr.
- Capt. James Colson (of GA)
- Capt. John Erwin
- Capt. John Gaskins
- Capt. Joseph Hamilton - Hamilton's Artillery
- Capt. John Hammond
- Capt. LeRoy Hammond with 100 cavalrymen
- Capt. Adam Crain Jones
- Capt. Alexander Noble
- Capt. Thomas K. Smith
- Capt. Michael Watson

New Acquisition District Regiment of Militia led by Col. Thomas Neel, and Major William Bratton, with fifteen (15) known companies, led by:
- Capt. James Adams
- Capt. John Anderson
- Capt. John Blandon
- Capt. William Byers
- Capt. Peter Clinton
- Capt. John Drummond
- Capt. William Gaston
- Capt. Joseph Hardin
- Capt. William Henry
- Capt. Thomas Kirkpatrick
- Capt. Lattimore
- Capt. Edward Lacey
- Capt. Robert McAfee
- Capt. Andrew Neel
- Capt. Francis Ross

Spartan Regiment of Militia led by Col. John Thomas, Sr., with Lt. Col. John Lisle, Sr., and eighteen (18) known companies, led by:
- Capt. William Anderson
- Capt. Lewis Bobo
- Capt. Thomas Brandon
- Capt. Zachariah Bullock
- Capt. John Gowen
- Capt. James Grant
- Capt. William Houseal
- Capt. Joseph Jolly
- Capt. James Lisle
- Capt. John Lisle, Jr.
- Capt. John McIlhenny
- Capt. Daniel McKay
- Capt. Robert McWhorter
- Capt. William Plummer
- Capt. James Steen
- Capt. John Thomas, Jr.
- Capt. William Wadlington
- Capt. Joseph Wofford

Little River District Regiment of Militia led by Col. John Lindsey, Major Robert Gillam, and Major Jonathan Downs, with ten (10) known companies, led by:
- Capt. Robert Gillam, Jr.
- Capt. James Harvey
- Capt. Joseph Hayes
- Capt. Benjamin Kilgore
- Capt. Charles King
- Capt. Samuel Morrow
- Capt. James Pollard
- Capt. John Rodgers, Jr.
- Capt. John Rogers
- Capt. John Wallace

Lower District Regiment of Militia detachment led by Major Andrew Pickens with 230 men in five (5) known companies, led by:
- Capt. John Catlerton
- Capt. Coizier
- Capt. John Folmer
- Capt. John Pickens
- Capt. Joseph Pickens

Fairfield Regiment of Militia detachment led by Capt. John Collins with unknown number of men

Camden District Regiment of Militia detachment led by Capt. Philip Walker with unknown number of men

Upper Craven County Regiment of Militia detachment led by Capt. Jefferson Williams with unknown number of men

Catawba Indian Company of Rovers - Capt. Samuel Boykin, with 20 men

GA Militia Detachment led by Col. Samuel Jack with 240 men, including the following five (5) known companies, led by:
- Capt. John Twiggs
- Capt. John Jones
- Capt. Leonard Marbury
- Capt. Samuel Alexander
- Capt. Thomas Harris

SC 3rd Regiment (Rangers) detachment led by Col. William Thomson with Capt. Robert Anderson and 33 men

SC 5th Regiment detachment of three (3) known companies with 93 men, led by:
- Capt. John Bowie
- Capt. Francis Prince
- Capt. Benjamin Tutt

SC 6th Regiment detachment of four (4) known companies, led by:
- Capt. William Brown
- Capt. James Duff
- Capt. John Hampton
- Capt. George Wage

Cherokee Indians - unknown number

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© 2008 - J.D. Lewis - PO Box 1188 - Little River, SC 29566 - All Rights Reserved