The American Revolution in South Carolina

Fort Galphin

May 21, 1781

Patriot Cdr:

Major Michael Rudolph (VA)
British Cdr:

Capt. Samuel Roworth






Old District: 

Orangeburgh District
Present County:

Aiken County

aka Fort Dreadnaught, aka Silver Bluff.

Lt. Col. Henry Lee commanding his Legion as well as a force of Patriot Militia attacked and captured the fort along with all of its defenders.
Lt. Col. Henry Lee was on his way to support GA Col. Elijah Clarke at Beech Island, so he left much of his force and the NC Continentals behind and proceeded to Fort Galphin, where he was joined by a small group of miltiamen under Col. LeRoy Hammond. Lt. Col. Lee gave command to Major Michael Rudolph who invested the British post with his infantry, while Lt. Col. Lee's cavalry was sent to cut off any relief from Augusta.

On May 21st, Major Rudolph had the militia to make a half-hearted attack on the post and then they slowly moved away, towards the bulk of Major Rudoph's Continentals who were hiding in the pine barrens around the fort. When the defenders sallied out to attack the small militia group they left the gates open. Major Rudolph rushed in and took possession. The Patriot's only casualty was a man who died from the heat.

Known Patriot Participants

Known British/Loyalist Participants

Major Michael Rudolph - Commanding Officer

Lee's Legion of Infantry detachment led by Major Michael Rudolph with the following known units:
- 4th Dismounted Troop - Capt. Allen McClane
- 5th Dismounted Troop - Capt. Henry Archer
- 6th Dismounted Troop - Lt. Edward Manning

Lower Ninety-Six District Regiment of Militia detachment led by Col. LeRoy Hammond, with two (2) known companies, led by:
- Capt. John Hammond
- Capt. Benjamin Odom, Jr.

Roebuck's Battalion of Spartan Regiment of Militia detachment of one (1) known company, led by:
- Capt. Joseph Wofford

Capt. Samuel Roworth - Commanding Officer

King's Rangers detachment led by Capt. Samuel Roworth with 42 men

NJ Volunteers, 3rd Battalion led by Capt. Thomas Hunloke with 70 men

Loyalist Militia - 14 boatmen, 61 armed slaves





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