The American Revolution in South Carolina

Fort Granby

May 14-15, 1781

Patriot Cdr:

Lt. Col. Henry Lee
British Cdr:

Maj. Andrew Maxwell






Old District: 

Orangeburgh District
Present County:

Lexington County

Lt. Col. Henry Lee and his Legion attacked the fort and overwhelmed the defenders.

Lt. Col. Lee placed his 6-pounder within 400 yards of the fort before daybreak on May 14th. When the morning fog lifted he fired his cannon and moved his infantry forward. When his Legion was close enough, they fired a volley of muskets, then Lt. Col. Lee decided to negotiate a surrender.

Maj. Maxwell stated that he would surrender only if he and his men could keep their plunder, which they had scoured over the past few weeks. Since there was a chance that Lord Rawdon would arrive soon Lt. Col. Lee agreed, however he wanted all the horses in the garrison. Maj. Maxwell's mounted troops objected and the negotiations were suspended.

Lt. Col. Lee then got word that Lord Rawdon had crossed the Santee River and was marching to Ft. Granby with reinforcements, so he changed his mind and agreed to Maj. Maxwell's terms. On May 15th, the British marched out of the fort with its artillery, a large quantity of baggage, and all the loot from the countryside.

After Lt. Col. Lee removed the remaining supplies from the fort, he ordered it to be destroyed. He managed to capture 192 muskets, 86 bayonets, 63 rifles, 8,928 musket cartridges, 100 cartridge boxes, 3,000 flints, 120 pounds of powder, 328 pounds of lead, twenty 12-pound canister shots, and one drum.

Known Patriot Participants

Known British/Loyalist Participants

Lt. Col. Henry Lee - Commanding Officer

Lee's Legion with 300 men in the following units:
- 1st Mounted Troop - Capt. James Armstrong
- 2nd Mounted Troop - Maj. Joseph Eggleston
- 3rd Mounted Troop - Maj. Michael Rudolph
- 4th Dismounted Troop - Capt. Allen McClane
- 5th Dismounted Troop - Capt. Henry Archer
- 6th Dismounted Troop - Lt. Edward Manning

1st Continental Artillery Regiment of VA, 1st Battalion led by Capt. Samuel Finley with one 6-pounder

Camden District Regiment detachment led by Col. Thomas Taylor, with six (6) known companies, led by:
- Capt. James Craig
- Capt. Andrew Leter
- Capt. John Miles
- Capt. John Robertson
- Capt. Thomas Starke
- Capt. Kemp T. Strother

Kershaw Regiment detachment of three (3) known companies, led by:
- Capt. Marshall Jones
- Capt. Benjamin May
- Capt. William Nettles

SC 1st Regiment of State Dragoons detachment of two (2) known companies, led by:
- Capt. William Alexander
- Capt. John Reed

Fairfield Regiment detachment of one (1) known company, led by:
- Capt. Edward Martin

Maj. Andrew Maxwell - Commanding Officer

Prince of Wales American Volunteers, Grenadier Company led by Maj. Andrew Maxwell with 68 men, including Lt. James Shanks

- 3 ea. 2-pounders
- 2 ea. 5-1/2" Howitzers

Hesse-Kassel Grenadier Regiment von Marquis d'Angelelli detachment of two men

Orangeburgh District Loyalist Militia, Col. John Fisher's Regiment led by Col. John Fisher with 33 men

Capt. Samuel Tolles's Company with 88 men

Draftees - 67 men










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