The American Revolution in South Carolina

Hill's Iron Works

June 18, 1780


Patriot Cdr:

Unknown
British Cdr:

Capt. Christian Huck
Killed:

7
Killed:

Unknown
Wounded:

Unknown
Wounded:

Unknown
Captured:

4
Captured:

0
Old District: 

Camden District
Present County:

York County

The Iron Works was established by William Hill and Isaac Hayne in the South Carolina backcountry in anticipation of the war. On June 16th, a group of the British Legion cavalry, commanded by Capt. Christian Huck, was ordered to destroy Hill's Iron Works. The Iron Works consisted of a store, a furnace, and several mills. The Iron Works was guarded by about fifty Patriot militiamen.

On June 18th, two men warned the Militia that a force of 200-300 enemy dragoons were on their way to the Iron Works. The British Legion detachment arrived undetected and surprised the Patriots when they opened fire on them. The Patriots thought that these were the advanced guard of the larger force that they had been warned about. After a brief skirmish, the Patriot Militia fled. Captain Huck burned Hill’s Iron Works, and confiscated about 90 slave laborers.

Casualties: Patriot: 7 killed, 4 captured; British: unknown.

Known Patriot Participants

Known British/Loyalist Participants

~50 men under the following four (4) militia captains:

Capt. Major Parson - under Col. Isaac Shelby (NC)

Capt. James McIlhenny - 1st Spartan Regiment

Capt. John Moffett - Turkey Creek Regiment

Capt. John McKenzie - Orangeburgh District Regiment

Capt. Christian Huck - Commanding Officer

British Legion Cavalry detachment, led by Capt. Christian Huck, with an unknown number of men

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© 2008 - J.D. Lewis - PO Box 1188 - Little River, SC 29566 - All Rights Reserved