The American Revolution in South Carolina

Long Canes

January 1781


Patriot Cdr:

None
British Cdr:

Major James Dunlap
Killed:

0
Killed:

0
Wounded:

Unknown
Wounded:

0
Captured:

0
Captured:

0
Old District: 

Ninety-Six District
Present County:

McCormick County

aka Dunlap's Raid.


In October of 1780, Capt. James Dunlap began recovering from his wounds received at Cane Creek, when he was shot and left for dead. Lt. General Charles, Lord Cornwallis soon promoted him to Major and gave him command of the cavalry under Lt. Col. John Harris Cruger, commander at Ninety-Six. By January of 1781, Major James Dunlap was making good progress in recruiting and outfitting his new troops, so Lt. Col. Cruger gave him the assignment to subdue the countryside.

Major Dunlap led his cavalry to Long Canes and plundered the home of Patriot Lt. Col. James McCall. His men ambushed Mrs. McCall and their daughter, but his biggest mistake was burning the farm of Andrew Pickens.

After the fall of Charlestown in May of 1780, Col. Andrew Pickens turned himself in at a fort in the Ninety-Six District, took British protection, and had since been observing his parole. After Major Dunlap burned his home and his crops he notified Lt. Col. John Harris Cruger that he considered his parole had been violated. He took to the field and became a significant enemy for the British in the South Carolina upcountry. After his involvement at the battle of Cowpens, he was promoted to Brigadier General in command the SC 3rd Brigade of Militia covering the northwestern section of the state.



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