The American Revolution in South Carolina

Moore's Surprise

November 13, 1781


Patriot Cdr:

Major John Moore
Loyalist Cdr:

Major William Cunningham
Killed:

4
Killed:

Unknown
Wounded:

8
Wounded:

Unknown
Captured:

0
Captured:

Unknown
Old District: 

Orangeburgh District
Present County:

Orangeburg County

aka Rowe's Plantation, the home of Col. Christopher Rowe, former commander of the Orangeburgh District Regiment of Militia.


A detachment of Patriot Militia under Major John Moore was surprised and routed by Loyalist militia under Major William "Bloody Bill" Cunningham.
Brigadier General Thomas Sumter resumed his command in early November at the request of Major General Nathanael Greene, and he was moving towards Orangeburgh to continue operations in that area. He sent Major John Moore to scout ahead, and this patrol ran into Major William Cunningham's Loyalist camp.

Major Moore and his small patrol attacked the Loyalists and drove them out of their camp, but Major Cunningham's men returned a heavy fire from the nearby swamp. Major Moore's men could not stand up under the accurate fire and scattered. He had four men killed and eight men wounded.

Known Patriot Participants

Known British/Loyalist Participants
SC 1st Regiment of State Dragoons (State Troops) detachment led by Major John Moore, with unknown number of men Major William Cunningham, with unknown number of Loyalists.
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