The American Revolution in South Carolina

Santee River

August 16, 1781


Patriot Cdr:

Col. John Ervin
British Cdr:

Capt. Campbell
Killed:

0
Killed:

0
Wounded:

0
Wounded:

0
Captured:

0
Captured:

4
Old District: 

Charles Town District
Present County:

Berkeley County

Col. Isaac Hayne was captured at Horse Shoe in July and brought to Charlestown for trial. He was found guilty by the British of violating his parole and was hanged for treason on August 4th. Hayne instantly became a martyr to the Patriot cause and his name was a new rallying cry for all South Carolinian Patriots. Major General Nathanael Greene wrote the British in Charlestown "that retaliation shall immediately take place, not on the tory militia officers, but it shall fall on the heads of regular British officers."

Soon thereafter, Major General Greene ordered Brigadier General Francis Marion to strike at the enemy's lines of communications down to Charlestown.

Brigadier General Francis Marion in turn sent Col. John Ervin to disrupt communications along the Santee River. Col. Ervin captured an enemy convoy south of the Santee River and took Capt. Campbell, two other British officers, and a private prisoner. Major General Nathanael Greene confined these prisoners to the camp provost for possible reprisal for the recent death of Patriot Col. Isaac Hayne.

Known Patriot Participants

Known British/Loyalist Participants
Lower Craven County Regiment of Militia detachment led by Col. John Ervin, with one (1) known company, led by:
- Capt. James Gregg

Capt. Campbell, with unknown number of men

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