In August, elections were held to determine
the members of the Second Provincial Congress, which met for
the first time during most of November 1775. On November 14,
1775, the Second Provincial Congress resolved to create a fourth
regiment of Provincial Troops - this regiment to be entirely
for the Artillery - and all officers were appointed by the Council
On November 21, 1775, the Second Provincial
Congress resolved to clarify the differences between the four
regiments of Provincial Troops and the numerous "regiments"
of Militia - the first time these were referred to as Regiments
officially; before, they were simply a "militia" with
no specific headcount, numbers, or other nomenclature. This new
Resolution made it clear that the Provincial Troops had first
rights to drafting new men, when necessary, over the militia
regiments, and in what order (see figure above). It also made
it clear that those of the same rank - e.g., 1st Lieutenant -
within the Provincial Troops had seniority over those within
the militias. That is - a 1st Lieutenant within the Provincial
Troops could direct a 1st Lieutenant within the militia, who
By this time, John Harleston assumed leadership of the Charles
Town District Regiment (of militia), and John Thomas, Sr. assumed
leadership of the Spartan Regiment (of militia) with the resignation
of Thomas Fletchall (a Loyalist) in September. The independent
company of Robert Ellison joined the SC 3rd Regiment under Lt.
Col. William Thomson. The independent company of Capt. John Fullerton
was disbanded. Finally, the independent artillery company of
Capt. Owen Roberts was folded into the SC 4th Regiment, now led
by Lt. Col. Owen Roberts.
Around this timeframe, the British fleet has remained in or
near Charleston harbor and continues to harrass shipping. Loyalists
are beginning to exert themselves, mostly in the upcountry, and
with new alliances with the Cherokees - a result of the recently-departed
royal Governor Lord William Campbell's directions.