In August of 1781, BG Thomas Sumter
resigned after Gov. John Rutledge criticized some of his actions.
Maj. Gen. Nathanael Greene convinced Sumter to return in November
- during his absence, Col. William Henderson was given command
of the 1st Brigade of SC Militia/State Troops.
On September 10, 1781, Gov. John Rutledge
authorized a fourth brigade of Militia/State Troops with John
Barnwell commissioned as its brigadier general. This decision
was not well received by many in the lowcountry and enlistment
was very poor from inception until the end of the war. The following
regiments of militia were taken away from BG Francis Marion and
placed under BG John Barnwell - Beaufort District Regiment, Colleton
County Regiment, Upper Granville County Regiment, and Lower Granville
By this time, Col. Benjamin Roebuck
has left BG Thomas Sumter and joined BG Andrew Pickens.
Lt. Col. Samuel Hammond is promoted
to full Colonel and his regiment is elevated to State Troops.