The American Revolution in South Carolina

 Tamassee

  August 12, 1776


Patriot Cdr:

Major Andrew Williamson
British Cdr:

None
Killed:

6
Killed:

16
Wounded:

17
Wounded:

Unk
Captured:

0
Captured:

0
Old District: 

Ninety-Six District
Present County:

Oconee County

aka Tomassy.


On August 12th, a Patriot expedition, commanded by Major Andrew Williamson encountered a large Cherokee war party near the Indian town of Tamassee. The Indians were defeated with twice as many casualties as the Patriots. After their victory, the Patriots burned the town. Patriot Captain Hargrove was killed in this skirmish, his regiment and first name currently unknown.
After The Ring Fight, Major Andrew Williamson advanced with everything he had against the Cherokee. Major Andrew Pickens and Capt. Robert Anderson were sent out scouting and they encountered a large Cherokee war party that may have been as large as 300 warriors. They skirmished with the Indians until the rest of Major Williamson's forces could catch up to them. The Cherokee fled to the mountains.

Major Williamson burned the abandoned Indian towns of Tomassy (Tamassee), Chehohee (Cheowee), and Eustash. After all their foodstuffs were burned, the Cherokee of the Lower Settlement had to survive the next winter on roots.

Major Williamson returned to his base camp at 23 Mile Creek and found that those who had been left behind had already left for home. Winter was coming and the men did not have the proper clothing or other supplies. He furloughed the remainder of this militiamen and ordered them to re-assemble for duty on August 28th.

With his remaining forces, he and Major Pickens returned to the burned Indian town of Seneca and built Fort Rutledge, named in honor of SC President John Rutledge. These two Militia leaders collected supplies and waited at the new fort for the militiamen to reconvene in a few weeks - they were off to the Cherokee towns in North Carolina and Tennessee next.

Known Patriot Participants

Known British/Loyalist Participants

Major Andrew Williamson - Commanding Officer

Ninety-Six District Regiment of Militia led by Major Andrew Williamson with twelve (12) known companies, led by:
- Capt. James Baskin
- Capt. James Butler, Sr.
- Capt. James Colson (of GA)
- Capt. John Erwin
- Capt. John Gaskins
- Capt. Joseph Hamilton - Hamilton's Artillery
- Capt. John Hammond
- Capt. LeRoy Hammond with 100 cavalrymen
- Capt. Adam Crain Jones
- Capt. Alexander Noble
- Capt. Thomas K. Smith
- Capt. Michael Watson

New Acquisition District Regiment of Militia led by Col. Thomas Neel, and Major William Bratton, with fifteen (15) known companies, led by:
- Capt. James Adams
- Capt. John Anderson
- Capt. John Blandon
- Capt. William Byers
- Capt. Peter Clinton
- Capt. John Drummond
- Capt. William Gaston
- Capt. Joseph Hardin
- Capt. William Henry
- Capt. Thomas Kirkpatrick
- Capt. Lattimore
- Capt. Edward Lacey
- Capt. Robert McAfee
- Capt. Andrew Neel
- Capt. Francis Ross

Spartan Regiment of Militia led by Col. John Thomas, Sr., with Lt. Col. John Lisle, Sr., and eighteen (18) known companies, led by:
- Capt. William Anderson
- Capt. Lewis Bobo
- Capt. Thomas Brandon
- Capt. Zachariah Bullock
- Capt. John Gowen
- Capt. James Grant
- Capt. William Houseal
- Capt. Joseph Jolly
- Capt. James Lisle
- Capt. John Lisle, Jr.
- Capt. John McIlhenny
- Capt. Daniel McKay
- Capt. Robert McWhorter
- Capt. William Plummer
- Capt. James Steen
- Capt. John Thomas, Jr.
- Capt. William Wadlington
- Capt. Joseph Wofford

Little River District Regiment of Militia led by Col. John Lindsey, Major Robert Gillam, and Major Jonathan Downs, with ten (10) known companies, led by:
- Capt. Robert Gillam, Jr.
- Capt. James Harvey
- Capt. Joseph Hayes
- Capt. Benjamin Kilgore
- Capt. Charles King
- Capt. Samuel Morrow
- Capt. James Pollard
- Capt. John Rodgers, Jr.
- Capt. John Rogers
- Capt. John Wallace

Lower District Regiment of Militia detachment led by Major Andrew Pickens with 230 men in five (5) known companies, led by:
- Capt. John Catlerton
- Capt. Coizier
- Capt. John Folmer
- Capt. John Pickens
- Capt. Joseph Pickens

Fairfield Regiment of Militia detachment led by Capt. John Collins with unknown number of men

Camden District Regiment of Militia detachment led by Capt. Philip Walker with unknown number of men

Upper Craven County Regiment of Militia detachment led by Capt. Jefferson Williams with unknown number of men

Catawba Indian Company of Rovers - Capt. Samuel Boykin, with 20 men

GA Militia Detachment led by Col. Samuel Jack with 240 men, including the following five (5) known companies, led by:
- Capt. John Twiggs
- Capt. John Jones
- Capt. Leonard Marbury
- Capt. Samuel Alexander
- Capt. Thomas Harris

SC 3rd Regiment (Rangers) detachment led by Col. William Thomson with Capt. Robert Anderson and 33 men

SC 5th Regiment detachment of three (3) known companies with 93 men, led by:
- Capt. John Bowie
- Capt. Francis Prince
- Capt. Benjamin Tutt

SC 6th Regiment detachment of four (4) known companies, led by:
- Capt. William Brown
- Capt. James Duff
- Capt. John Hampton
- Capt. George Wage

Cherokee Indians - unknown number

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