The American Revolution in South Carolina

Thomson's Plantation

February 22, 1781


Patriot Cdr:

Brigadier General
Thomas Sumter
British Cdr:

Lt. John Stuart
Killed:

Unknown
Killed:

Unknown
Wounded:

Unknown
Wounded:

Unknown
Captured:

Unknown
Captured:

Unknown
Old District: 

Orangeburgh District
Present County:

Calhoun County

aka Fort Belleville.


Belleville was the home of Col. William Thomson (SC 3rd Regiment), who had been captured at the fall of Charleston in May of 1780. His plantation had been seized by the British soon thereafter and turned into a stockaded fortification, which enclosed the main home and the outbuildings.

Having abandoned his attack on Fort Granby, Brigadier General Thomas Sumter headed straight for and laid siege to the stockade at Thomson's Plantation at Belleville, a couple of miles from Motte's. It is very likely that most, if not all, of those who participated in the attack on Fort Granby followed Sumter to Thomson's Plantation, but there is no documentation other than those shown below.

He attempted to take the stockade by assault, and by setting fire to it, but the defenders, under Lt. John Stuart of the 71st Regiment of Foot, 2nd Battalion, held their own and were able to put out the fire. Toward the close of day, Brigadier General Sumter left a force watching the stockade and moved with his main body to Manigault's Ferry, where he collected boats in the area.

This was now two straight disappointments for Brigadier General Thomas Sumter. He did not seem to have the patience for long sieges, and without any field artillery, there wasn't much more his men could achieve.

Known Patriot Participants 

Known British/Loyalist Participants

Brigadier General Thomas Sumter - Commanding Officer

SC 1st Brigade of Militia with the following units:

Turkey Creek Regiment of Militia of one (1) known company, led by:
- Capt. William Morris

New Acquisition District Regiment of Militia detachment of two (2) known companies, led by:
- Capt. William Hanna
- Capt. James Venable

Fairfield Regiment of Militia detachment of one (1) known company, led by:
- Capt. John Turner

Mecklenburg County Regiment of Militia (NC) detachment of one (1) known company, led by:
- Capt. John Reid

Hampton's Regiment of Light Dragoons detachment of one (1) known compan,y led by:
- Capt. John Mills

Lt. John Stuart - Commanding Officer

71st Regiment of Foot, 2nd Battalion, with unknown number of men

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