The American Revolution in South Carolina

Tidyman's Plantation

February 25, 1782


Patriot Cdr:

Brigadier General
Francis Marion
Loyalist Cdr:

Col. Benjamin Thompson
Killed:

4
Killed:

0
Wounded:

1
Wounded:

1
Captured:

6
Captured:

0
Old District: 

Charles Town District
Present County:

Berkeley County

aka Tydiman's Plantation.


Marion's Brigade once again whipped by Col. Benjamin Thompson's Loyalists.
After crossing the Wambaw Bridge, the Patriots gathered themselves at the nearby Tidyman's Plantation. When Brigadier General Francis Marion heard the news of the rout at Wambaw Bridge he and Lt. Col. Hezekiah Maham left Jacksonborough and rode hard to return to his brigade. He took Lt. Col. Maham's state dragoons and they covered thirty miles to Tidyman's Plantation, while Lt. Col. Maham continued on to his own plantation.

Col. Benjamin Thompson (Massachusetts) allowed his infantry to keep walking along the road with their stolen cattle, intentionally giving the appearance that this was a mere foraging party. Meanwhile, most of his men were heading towards Wambaw Bridge, knowing that Brigadier General Marion would learn of the previous day's rout and that he would arrive sooner or later on this day.

Both sides were startled to see each other's cavalry, but Col. Thompson quickly recovered and swung his mounted men into a field and formed a line of battle. Brigadier General Marion ordered Capt. John Carraway Smith to charge them. As Capt. Smith bore down on the enemy he was suddenly seized by panic and dashed into the woods on the right. His men followed, veering left in the woods to avoid a pond in their path.

This threw the entire attack into disorder and the British charged. Capt. Smith's dragoons broke and fled, some attempting to swim across the Santee River, with British riflemen killing as many as they could. Lt. Jacob Smiser of Lt. Col. Peter Horry's cavalry drowned trying to cross the river.

A half mile away, Brigadier General Marion rallied the confused horsemen, but Col. Thompson did not follow. Marion's men lost most of their firearms and many of their horses. The enemy had killed twenty and captured another twelve Patriots. In addition, Col. Thompson captured the officers' baggage, some horses, Marion's tent, and some canteens filled with rum.

After this battle, there were only sixty dragoons left, and Lt. Col. Peter Horry's regiment was decimated. Due to this, Governor John Mathew ordered the two reduced regiments to be combined with Lt. Col. Hezekiah Maham in command of the new single regiment. Lt. Col. Peter Horry felt slighted and resigned. Brigadier General Marion consoled him by placing him in command of Georgetown on March 7th. In the meantime, Marion went on to Cantey's Plantation.

Major General Nathanael Greene dispatched Lt. Col. John Laurens and his Continentals to support Brigadier General Marion's forces.

Col. Benjamin Thompson's raid did allow the British to forage "at will" from the end of February until the beginning of April.

Known Patriot Participants

Known British/Loyalist Participants

Brigadier General Francis Marion - Commanding Officer

Kingstree Regiment of Militia detachment led by Col. Archibald McDonald and Major John James, with one (1) known company led by:
- Capt. Daniel Morrall

Cheraws District Regiment of Militia detachment, with unknown number of men

SC 3rd Regiment of State Dragoons (State Troops) detachment of one (1) known company, led by:
- Capt. John Carraway Smith

SC 4th Regiment of State Dragoons (State Troops) detachment of one (1) known company, led by:
- Capt. Henry Lenud


Total Patriot Forces - 500

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-
-

Col. Benjamin Thompson - Commanding Officer

30th Regiment of Foot - Capt. "Unknown"

Royal Regiment of Artillery, 3rd Battalion - Capt. "Unknown with two 3-pounders

Hesse-Kassel Feld Jaeger Korps - Capt. "Unknown"

Volunteers of Ireland led by Major John Doyle

SC Royalists led by Major Thomas Fraser, with Capt. George Dawkins and 22 men

Queen's Rangers, Capt. Saunder's Troop of Light Dragoons led by Capt. John Saunders with 23 men

British Legion, Capt. Sanford's Troop led by Capt. Thomas Sanford with 25 men

NY Volunteers, Major Coffin's Troop of Mounted Infantry led by Major John Coffin with 40 men

NC Independent Dragoons led by Capt. Robert Gillies

SC Light Dragoons (Loyalist Militia) led by Capt. Edward Fenwick with 31 men

Major Young's Mounted Militia (Rifle Hussars) led by Major William Young with 45 men

Cunningham's Troop of Dragoons (Loyalist Militia) led by Major William Cunningham

Independent Troop of Black Dragoons led by Capt. March with 36 men


Total British/Loyalist Forces - 700


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