The American Revolution in South Carolina

Wyboo Swamp

March 6, 1781


Patriot Cdr:

Brigadier General
Francis Marion
British Cdr:

Lt. Col. John Watson Tadwell-Watson
Killed:

6
Killed:

3
Wounded:

12
Wounded:

Unknown
Captured:

0
Captured:

0
Old District: 

Camden District
Present County:

Clarendon County

aka Wiboo Swamp.


Brigadier General Francis Marion, who had been preparing to join Brigadier General Thomas Sumter at Farr's Plantation, learned of Lt. Col. John Watson Tadwell-Watson’s advance and lay in wait for him at Wyboo Swamp. The site was a marshy passageway located on the Santee Road between Nelson’s Ferry and Murry’s Ferry. McCrady gives Brigadier General Marion’s strength as 250. Others give it closer to 500.

Lt. Col. John Watson Tadwell-Watson’s advance force of some Loyalist militia dragoons under Lt. Col. Henry Richbourg clashed with some of Brigadier General Marion’s cavalry under Lt. Col. Peter Horry, after which both fell back. When Brigadier General Marion tried to send forth Lt. Col. Horry once more, Lt. Col. Watson’s infantry and artillery held Lt. Col. Horry back.

The Loyalists of the SC Rangers (Harrison’s Corps), under Major Samuel Harrison, then came up once more to charge the Patriots, but were arrested in their movement momentarily by one of Lt. Col. Horry’s horsemen, Gavin James, apparently a mighty individual, who single-handedly slew three of them before retiring.

Brigadier General Marion ordered in his horsemen under Capt. Daniel Conyers and Capt. John McCauley who drove the SC Rangers back, killing Major Harrison. That night, Brigadier General Francis Marion's army camped at Cantey's Plantation.

Known Patriot Participants

Known British/Loyalist Participants

Brigadier General Francis Marion - Commanding Officer

Cheraw District Regiment of Militia led by Col. Abel Kolb, Lt. Col. Lemuel Benton, and Major Tristram Thomas, with seven (7) known companies, led by:
- Capt. John Butler
- Capt. Guthridge Lyons
- Capt. Alexander McIntosh
- Capt. Moses Pearson
- Capt. Daniel Sparks
- Capt. William Standard
- Capt. Daniel Williams

Kingstree Regiment of Militia detachment led by Col. Archibald McDonald and Major John James, with four (4) known companies, led by:
- Capt. James McCauley
- Capt. John Postell
- Capt. Samuel Price
- Capt. Thomas Waties

Berkeley County Regiment of Militia detachment led by Col. Richard Richardson, Jr. and Lt. Col. Hugh Horry, with five (5) known companies, led by:
- Capt. William Capers
- Capt. John Gamble
- Capt. Robert McCottry
- Capt. William McCottry
- Capt. Gavin Witherspoon

Horry's Light Dragoons (Militia) led by Lt. Col. Peter Horry, with four (4) known companies, led by:
- Capt. William Allston
- Capt. John Baxter
- Capt. William Black
- Capt. Daniel Conyers

Georgetown District Regiment of Militia detachment led by Lt. Col. Alexander Swinton, with one (1) known company, led by:
- Capt. William Gordon

Kershaw Regiment of Militia detachment led by Col. James Postell and Lt. Col. John Marshall, with one (1) known company, led by:
- Major Frederick Kimball

Lower Craven County Regiment of Militia detachment led by Col. Hugh Giles and Lt. Col. John Ervin with unknown number of men


Total Patriot Forces - 500

Lt. Col. John Watson Tadwell-Watson - Commanding Officer of the 3rd Regiment of Guards.

Royal Regiment of Artillery with 2 field pieces

Provincials led by Major Thomas Barclay with 200 men in the following units

King's American Regiment, Light Infantry Company led by Capt. Thomas Cornwell

DeLancey's Brigade, 3rd Battalion, Capt. Gilbert Willett's Light Infantry Company led by Lt. Edmond Evans

NJ Volunteers, 1st Battalion, Light Infantry Company led by Capt. James Shaw

NJ Volunteers, 2nd Battalion, Light Infantry Company led by Capt. Norman McLeod

NJ Volunteers, 4th Battalion, Light Infantry Company led by Capt. Jacob Van Buskirk

SC Rangers led by Maj. John Harrison, with 80 men, including Capt. Samuel Harrison

Loyalist Militia led by Lt. Col. Henry Richbourg with 150 men


Total British/Loyalist Forces - 430

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