The American Revolution in South Carolina

Wiggin's Hill

January 24, 1781


Patriot Cdr:

Lt. Col. William Harden
Loyalist Cdr:

Lt. Col. Thomas Brown
Killed:

7
Killed:

Unknown
Wounded:

11
Wounded:

Unknown
Captured:

12
Captured:

Unknown
Old District: 

Orangeburgh District
Present County:

Allendale County

On January 23rd, at the Wiggin's Plantation, a group of British, Loyalists, and Indians led by Lt. Col. Thomas Brown of the King's Rangers made camp at Wiggin's Plantation. The plantation was located about thirty miles from Black Swamp. The Patriot force, commanded by Lt. Col. William Harden, learned of the British camp and made plans to attack them.

On January 24th, shortly after midnight, the Patriots made their move. They rode into the camp, terrifying the Loyalist militia. The British Rangers did not panic. They quickly formed into a battle line, fired at the Patriots, driving them out of the camp.

At 8:00 a.m., the Patriots attacked the camp again. They dismounted their horses and opened fire on the Loyalists. The militia once again fled the camp, with some of them joining the Patriots. The Rangers joined with the Indians, formed into their battle line, and charged the Patriots. Once again, the Patriots were forced back, scattering into the nearby Coosawhatchie Swamp and hiding out on an island. For months, they were too weak to be much help in the war effort of the lowcountry.

Known Patriot Participants

Known British/Loyalist Participants

Lt. Col. William Harden (Upper Granville County Regiment of Militia) with unknown number of men

Capt. James McKay - GA Militia, with unknown number of men

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Lt. Col. Thomas Brown - Commanding Officer

King's Rangers led by Lt. Col. Thomas Brown, with 200 men, including the following known officers:
- Capt. Andrew Johnston
- Capt. Joseph Smith
- Capt. Alexander Campbell Wylly
- Capt. Samuel Roworth

84th Regiment of Foot (Royal Highland Emigrants), 2nd Battalion (Young Royal Highlanders), Light Company led by Capt. Ronald MacKinnon

Loyalist Militia led by "Unknown" with 100 men

Creek Indians - 30 warriors



© 2008 - J.D. Lewis - PO Box 1188 - Little River, SC 29566 - All Rights Reserved