The Royal Colony of South Carolina

Township Act of 1765

"WHEREAS, several inhabitants of the said County, by their petition to the General Assembly, have represented many inconveniences which they are under for want of having a Parish laid out and established in the said County, contiguous to and including Amelia Township, and prayed that a law may be passed for that purpose; we therefore humbly pray his most sacred Majesty that it be enacted.

"I. And be it enacted, by the Honorable William BULL, Esquire, Lieutenant Governor and Commander-in-Chief in and over the Province of South Carolina, (page 3) by and with the advice and consent of his Majesty's Council and the Commons House of Assembly of the said Province, and by the authority of the same. That immediately from and after the passing of the Act, a Parish shall be laid out and established in BERKLEY County aforesaid, in the following manner, that is to say, by running a line from the plantation of Garrard NELSON on the Santee River, inclusive, to the place where the new road leading from the plantation of Tacitus GALLIARD, Esquire, to the road leading form Charleston to Orangeburgh, intersects the line that divides the Parish of St. George DORCHESTER from St. James GOOSE Creek, and from thence to continue on the said line until it intersects the Four Hole Creek the second time, thence following the said Creek till it intersects the southeast bounds of Orangeburgh, Township, and from thence along the bounds of the said Township to the southward, and where that line reaches Edisto River, up the course of the said River until the north west boundary of the said Township, for the River a northeast course along the line of the Township until it joins the southwest bounds of Amelia Township, and from thence a northeast course till it reaches Beaver Creek; and that the said Parish shall hereafter be called and known by the name of St. Matthew, and the inhabitants thereof shall and may have, use, exercise and enjoy all the rights, privileges and immunities that the inhabitants of any other Parish do or can use, exercise or enjoy by the laws of the Province.

"II. And be it also enacted by the authority aforesaid, that a Church, Chapel and Parsonage house shall be built at such places within the bounds of the said Parish, as the major part of the Commissioners hereafter named, shall order and direct; and also, that a Chapel shall be built at such place with the bounds (page 4) of the said Parish as the major part of the Commissioners hereafter last named, shall order and direct.

"III. And be it also enacted by the authority aforesaid, that the Rector or Minister of the said Parish for the time being, shall officiate in the said Church and Chapels alternately, and shall be elected and chosen in the same manner as the Rectors or Ministers of the several other Parishes in this Province are elected and chose, and shall have yearly paid to him and his successors forever, the same salary as is appointed for the Rector or Minister of any other Parish in this Province, (the Parishes of St Philip and St Michael excepted), out of the fund appropriated or to be appropriated for payment of the salaries of the Clergy in the Province; and the Pubic Treasurer for the time being is hereby authorized and required to pay the same, under the like penalties and forfeitures as for not paying the salaries due to the other Rectos or Ministers of the several other Parishes in this Province; and the said Rector or Minister of the said Parish shall have and enjoy all and every such privileges and advantages, and be under such rules, laws and restrictions, as the Rectors or Ministers of the other Parishes in this Province have and enjoy, or are subject and liable unto.

IV. And be it enacted by the authority aforesaid. That Col. Moses THOMPSON, Col. Wm THOMPSON, Wm HOTLY, Thomas PLATT, Tacitus GALLIARD, Timothy DARGON, Robert WHITTEN,Wm FLUD,John BURDELL, Christopher COULLETT and John OLIVER, be and they are hereby appointed, commissioners or supervisors for the building of the Church, Chapel and Parsonage house in the said Parish of St. Matthew, exclusive of that part of the Parish called Orangeburgh Township; and that Christian MINNICK, Gavin POWE (POU), Capt ROWE, Col CHEVILLETTE and John GOVAN, (page 5) or a majority of them be and they are hereby appointed, Commissioners or supervisors for building the Chapel in that part of the Parish called Orangeburgh Township; and they, or the major part of them, are fully authorized and empowered to purchase a glebe for the said Parish, and to take subscriptions, and to receive and gather, collect and sue for, all such sum and sums of money as any pious and well disposed person or persons shall give and contribute for the purposes aforesaid; and in case of the death, absence or refusing to act of any of the said Commissioners, the Church Wardens and Vestry of the said Parish of St Matthew, for the time being, shall and may nominate and appoint another person or persons to be Commissioner or Commissioners in the room or place of such so dead, absent or refusing to act, as tho the said Church Wardens and Vestry shall seem meet; which Commissioner or Commissioners so to be nominated and appointed, shall have the same powers and authority for putting this Act into execution, to all intents and purposes, as the Commissioners herein named.

V. And be it also enacted by the authority aforesaid, That the inhabitants of the said Parish of St Matthew, qualified by law for that purpose, shall choose and elect two members, and no more, to represent the said Parish in General Assembly; any law, usage or custom to the contrary thereof in any wise not withstanding; and that writs for the electing of members to serve in the General Assembly for the said Parish, shall be issued in the same manner and at the same times as for the several other Parishes in the Province, according to the directions in the Act entitled "An Act to ascertain the manner and form of electing members to represent the inhabitants of the Province in the Commons House of Assembly, and to appoint who shall be (page 6) deemed and adjudged capable of choosing or being chosen members of the said House'.

"VI. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that the new road leading from the ferry of Tacitus GALLIARD, Esquire, to the road leading from Charleston to Orangeburgh, shall be, and it is hereby declared to be, a public road, and shall be worked upon and kept in repair by the inhabitants of each Parish through which the said road runs, in the same manner as all the other public roads in this Province are; and that the Commissioners herein before appointed shall also be Commissioners of and for the said road, and all other roads in the said Parish of St Matthew, and shall have the same powers and authority as any other Commissioners in the high roads in this Province have; and in case any of the said Commissioners shall die or refuse to act, the remaining Commissioners shall, from time to time, choose one or more Commissioner or Commissioners in the room of him or them so dying or refusing to act, and he or they so chosen shall have the same powers and authority as the said other Commissioners.

"Rawlins LOWNDES, Speaker,
"In the Council Chamber, the 9th day of August, 1765.
Assented to: Wm. BULL."
By order of the King's Privy Council, Governor MONTAGU published, in the South Carolina Gazette of Monday, February 29th, to Monday, March 7th, 1768, the followings proclamation annulling the above act:

"South Carolina":
'By His Excellency the Right Honorable, Lord Charles Greville MONTAGU, Captain-General, and Governor in Chief, in and over the said Province, &c. &c.
"A PROCLAMATION"

"Whereas the Right Honorable the Earl of Sheburne, (page 7) one of his Majesty's principal Secretaries of State, hath transmitted to me a minute of his Majesty in his most honorable Privy Council, signifying, that an Act of the General Assembly of this Province, entitled, 'an Act for establishing a Parish in BERKLEY County by the name of St. Matthew, and for declaring the road therein mentioned to be a public Road'' together with a Representation from the Lords Commissioners of Trade and Plantations thereupon, having been referred to a Committee of his Majesty's most honorable Privy Council for Plantation Affairs; the said Lords of the Committee had reported as their Opinion to his Majesty that the said Act ought to be repealed; and his Majesty having taken the same into Consideration, was pleased by the Advice of his Privy Council, to declare his Disallowance of the said Act; And pursuant to his Majesty's Royal Pleasure thereupon expressed, the said Act was thereby Repealed, and declared Void and of none Effect: I HAVE THEREFORE issued this my Proclamation, hereby notifying the same, and requiring all Persons whom it may concern, to take Notice and govern themselves accordingly.

GIVEN under my hand, and the great seal of the said Province, at CHARLES TOWN, this 29th day of February, Anno Domini one thousand seven hundred and sixty eight (1768), and in the eighth (8th) year of his Majesty's reign.

C.G. MONTAGUE
By his Excellency's command, John BULL, Province Secretary. God save the KING"



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