Carolina Under the Lords Proprietors' Rule

Lords Proprietors' Commission to Governor John Archdale

William Earle of Craven Palatine, John Earl of Bath, Anthony Lord Ashley, George Lord Carteret, Sir John Colleton Barrt, Seth Sothel, Tho. Archdale. and Thomas Amy Esqrs the true and absolute Lords and Proprietors of ye Province of Carolina

To our Trusty and Wellbeloved John Archdale Esqr Governor of South and North Carolina

Wee ye said true and absolute Lords and Proprietors of ye Province aforesaid reposeing speciall trust and confidence in ye Courage Loyalty & prudence of you ye sd John Archdale do hereby constitute and appoint you during our pleasure Governour of our whole province of Carolina And you are to doe and execute all things in due maner & forme that shall belong to your command or ye trust wee have repos'd in you according to ye severall powers granted you by this present Comission Wee doe hereby further Impower constitute and appoint you our sd Governour to be Admirall Capt Generall and Comander in chief of all ye forces raised or to be raised both by sea and Land within our sd province and over them to appoint a Lieutenant Generall or Lieutenant Generalls Vice Admirall or Vice Admiralls both of South and North Carolina and Wee doe hereby farther Impower you upon all occasions during yor abode in America to constitute a Deputy or Deputy Governors both in South & North Carolina during your pleasure and to constitute and appoint all and singular offices in and for the Government of our sd province during your pleasure and yt pleasure of us ye Lords Proprietors Wee doe hereby Impower you at your departure from Carolina to England to appoint & constitute a Deputy Governour or Deputy Governors both in South and North Carolina with such powers only as have been given by us to ye present Governour Thomas Smith Wee do farther give you full power and authority with ye advice and consent of any three or more of our Deputys to grant and sell land in fee reserving twelve pence for one hundred acres per annum as an aknowledgement and to settle ye quitt rents by Patents or Indentures and by such a methode as you our Governour with any three or more of our Deputys shall think fitt soe as when money cannot be had a true value may be settled in ye best of such Commoditys as ye Countrey is capable of producing Wee doe farther Impower you to escheat Land and afterwards to lett it for rent or sell ye same And wee do hereby farther Impower you our sd Governour by and with ye advice and consent of our Councell and Generall Assembly of Our Province or any part thereof wherein there is a distinct Government to alter any former Laws that shall be thought fitt to be changed and to enact all such reasonable laws and Statutes for ye better Goverment of our sd Province as you wth ye advice and consent of our Councell and Generall Assembly shall think expedient provided ye sd Laws be not contrary to ye powers granted to us in our Charter from ye Crowne and as nere as possibly agreeable to ye Fundamentall Constitutions excepting in what relates to Jurys wherein wee have already given directions And wee doe hereby Repeale and make voyd all other Commissions given by us to former Governors of our sd province Given under our hands and ye great Seale of our province this 31st of August 1694.

CRAVEN Palatin (X)

Lords Proprietors' Instructions to Governor John Archdale


Whereas Collonell Ludwell our late Governor of North Carolina hath Informed us by his Letter bearing date the 1st of May 1694 that he hath granted our lands of Albemarle County at a farthing per aker and pretends a power by vertue of an ancient grant in ye time of ye Goverment of Mr. Stephens

1. Wee do hereby Impower you our Governor to make Inquiry into ye same and if you shall find any such Authentique Grant under our hands and seales &c you are hereby Impowered to allow & approve of ye same and to grant lands in ye sd County of Albemarle only at a farthing per aker

2. You are to signify unto our Inhabitants of North Carolina that ye sd County of Albemarle is by us approved to be only that part that Joines to Virginia and on ye southerne part is separated by Albemarle Sound and Chowan River

3. Because that ye southern part of Albemarle Sound and ye Sound of Pamlico lye nere unto ye sd County of Albemarle and have not ye advantages good harbours for shipping. Wee therefore Impower you our sd Governor for ye Incouragement of settling those parts wch lye north of Cape Fear to lett any of ye sd land at such moderate quitt rents as you in your discretion shall think most reasonable but not under half penny per aker for every aker yearly to us and our heirs for ever

4. Whereas Landgrave James Colleton late Governor of Carolina complaines in his Letter to us of ye 19th of July 1694 that not one penny of his Sallary of 200£ per annum was paid him during all ye time of his Government wch was allmost four years you are to settle all accts wth him and order ye Receiver Generall for ye time being to pay him ye ballance that shall appeare to be Justly due to him after having first deducted the yearly rent of his Barony for all ye time he hath enjoyed it but at 20£ per annum in consideration of his sufferings on our behalf during his Goverment

5. You are to endeavour also for ye better regulating and ye encouragement of ye people that shall hereafter come to inhabit that tract of land that lyes North of Cape Fear and South of Albemarle County to erect as many Countys as you in your Discretion shall see convenient and to give them such names as you alsoe shall think fitt

6. You are alsoe hereby Impowered wth 3 more of our Deputys to sell land in Albemarle County for what you can reasonably obtaine but not under ten pounds ye 1000 akers reserving an aknowledgement of five shill: ye 1000 akers yearly and not under to us and our heirs for ever Given under our hands and seals this 17th of October 1694

CRAVEN Palatine (X)


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